Middle Passage

The Middle PassageAfrican slavesbrought to the West IndiesMiddle Crossingslave tradethree-month journeyvoyage
The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were forcibly transported to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade.wikipedia
156 Related Articles

Atlantic slave trade

transatlantic slave tradeslave tradetrans-Atlantic slave trade
The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were forcibly transported to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade.
The slave trade regularly used the triangular trade route and its Middle Passage, and existed from the 16th to the 19th centuries.

Triangular trade

Triangle Tradetriangular slave tradeAtlantic triangular slave trade
The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were forcibly transported to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade.
European goods, in turn, were used to purchase African slaves, who were then brought on the sea lane west from Africa to the Americas, the so-called Middle Passage.

Charleston, South Carolina

CharlestonCharleston, SCCharles Town
The Final Passage was the journey from the port of disembarkation, such as Charleston, to the plantation or other destination where they would be put to work.
They had been brought to Charlestown on the Middle Passage, first as "servants" and then as slaves.

Zong massacre

Zong'' massacreZong1781 massacre
For example, the Zong, a British slaver, took too many slaves on a voyage to the New World in 1781.
Because of the legal dispute, reports of the massacre received increased publicity, stimulating the abolitionist movement in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; the Zong events were increasingly cited as a powerful symbol of the horrors of the Middle Passage of slaves to the New World.

Slave ship

slaverslave shipsGuineaman
For example, the Zong, a British slaver, took too many slaves on a voyage to the New World in 1781.
For example, the slave ship Henrietta Marie carried about 200 slaves on the long Middle Passage.

Abolitionism

abolitionistabolition of slaveryabolitionists
In fact, from a purely economic point of view Africans were better slaves, stronger and healthier, because the "Middle Passage" had selected for these traits.

Ottobah Cugoano

Quobna Ottobah CugoanoJohn Stuart (abolitionist)Ottobah Cuguano
Ottobah Cugoano, who was taken from Africa as a slave when he was a child, later described an uprising aboard the ship on which he was transported to the West Indies:
George III, along with much of the royal family, remained opposed to abolition of the slave trade.

New World

NewThe New WorldAmericas
The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were forcibly transported to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Ships departed Europe for African markets with manufactured goods, which were traded for purchased or kidnapped Africans, who were transported across the Atlantic as slaves; the slaves were then sold or traded for raw materials, which would be transported back to Europe to complete the voyage.

Elmina

São Jorge da MinaElmina, GhanaMina
The First Passage was the transportation of captives (slaves) to the African ports, such as Elmina, where they would be loaded onto ships.

Americas

Americathe AmericasAmerican
Traders from the Americas and Caribbean received the enslaved Africans.

Caribbean

the CaribbeanWest IndiesWest Indian
Traders from the Americas and Caribbean received the enslaved Africans.

Portugal

PortuguesePortuguese RepublicPOR
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

Kingdom of Great Britain

Great BritainBritishBritain
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

Denmark–Norway

Denmark-NorwayKingdom of Denmark–NorwayKingdom of Denmark and Norway
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

Sweden

SwedishSWEKingdom of Sweden
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

Brandenburg

State of BrandenburgBrandenburg, GermanyBB
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

Brazil

BRABrasilBrazilian
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
European powers such as Portugal, Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark–Norway, Sweden, and Brandenburg, as well as traders from Brazil and North America, took part in this trade.

Senegambia

SenegambianSenegambia regionSene-Gambian region
The enslaved Africans came mostly from eight regions: Senegambia, Upper Guinea, Windward Coast, Gold Coast, Bight of Benin, Bight of Biafra, West Central Africa and Southeastern Africa.

Upper Guinea

Haute-GuinéeUpper Guinean rainforest belt
The enslaved Africans came mostly from eight regions: Senegambia, Upper Guinea, Windward Coast, Gold Coast, Bight of Benin, Bight of Biafra, West Central Africa and Southeastern Africa.

Ivory Coast

Côte d'ivoireIvorianCote d'Ivoire
The enslaved Africans came mostly from eight regions: Senegambia, Upper Guinea, Windward Coast, Gold Coast, Bight of Benin, Bight of Biafra, West Central Africa and Southeastern Africa.