A report on Midtown Manhattan

in January 2020
Midtown Manhattan as viewed from the Empire State Building
Madison Square Garden
Times Square (2013), one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
"Korea Way" on 32nd Street in Manhattan's Koreatown (맨해튼 코리아타운)
The United Nations Secretariat Building at the United Nations Headquarters
Herald Square, with Macy's
The MetLife Building (formerly Pan Am Building)
NYPD 14th (Midtown South) Precinct
Engine Co. 54/Ladder Co. 4/Battalion 9
USPS Grand Central Station
New York Public Library Main Branch
Grand Central Terminal, seen from 42nd Street
Midtown Manhattan viewed from Weehauken, New Jersey, in September 2021, in the afternoon.
Midtown Manhattan viewed from Weehauken, New Jersey, in September 2021, at sunset.
Midtown Manhattan viewed from Weehauken, New Jersey, in September 2021, at night.

Central portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan and serves as the city's primary central business district.

- Midtown Manhattan

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Manhattan

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Most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs of New York City.

Most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs of New York City.

Peter Minuit, early 1600s
Pieter Schaghen's 1626 letter saying Manhattan was purchased for 60 guilders.
The Castello Plan showing the Dutch city of New Amsterdam in 1660, at the southern tip of Manhattan
Washington's statue in front of Federal Hall on Wall Street, where in 1789 he was sworn in as first U.S. president
Manhattan in 1873. The Brooklyn Bridge was under construction from 1870 until 1883
The "Sanitary & Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York", commonly known as the Viele Map, was created by Egbert Ludovicus Viele in 1865
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Manhattan personified, early 20th century
V-J Day in Times Square in Times Square, 1945
Flooding on Avenue C caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012
Satellite image of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson River to the west, the Harlem River to the north, the East River to the east, and New York Harbor to the south, with rectangular Central Park prominently visible. Roosevelt Island, in the East River, belongs to Manhattan.
Location of Manhattan (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Manhattan schist outcropping in Central Park
Liberty Island is an exclave of Manhattan, of New York City, and of New York State, that is surrounded by New Jersey waters
The Empire State Building in the foreground looking southward from the top of Rockefeller Center, with One World Trade Center in the background, at sunset. The Midtown South Community Council acts as a civic caretaker for much of the neighborhood between the skyscrapers of Midtown and Lower Manhattan.
Central Park in autumn
The Estonian House, the main center of Estonian culture amongst Estonian Americans
A. T. Stewart in 1870, 9th Street, Manhattan
Many tall buildings have setbacks on their facade due to the 1916 Zoning Resolution. This is exemplified at Park Avenue and 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, seen from Brooklyn
The Flatiron District is the center and birthplace of Silicon Alley
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a major cultural venue in Manhattan, it also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million
The New York Times headquarters, 620 Eighth Avenue
Butler Library at Columbia University, with its notable architectural design
Stuyvesant High School, in Tribeca
New York Public Library Main Branch at 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The scene at Manhattan's 2015 LGBT Pride March. The annual event rivals the sister São Paulo event as the world's largest pride parade, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Madison Square Garden is home to the Rangers and Knicks, and hosts some Liberty games
The Skating Pond in Central Park, 1862
Manhattan Municipal Building
James Farley Post Office
A slum tour through the Five Points in an 1885 sketch
Tenement houses in 1936
At the time of its construction, London Terrace in Chelsea was the largest apartment building in the world
Grand Central Terminal is a National Historic Landmark.
Ferries departing Battery Park City and helicopters flying above Manhattan
The Staten Island Ferry, seen from the Battery, crosses Upper New York Bay, providing free public transportation between Staten Island and Manhattan.
The Brooklyn Bridge to the right and the Manhattan Bridge towards the left, are two of the three bridges that connect Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn over the East River.
Eighth Avenue, looking northward ("Uptown"), in the rain; most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration
Tourists looking westward at sunset to observe the July 12, 2016 Manhattanhenge
Ferry service departing Battery Park City towards New Jersey, see from Paulus Hook

Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each cutting across the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

Looking west along 42nd Street from Seventh Avenue in September 2004, including a marquee for a revival of the musical 42nd Street

42nd Street (Manhattan)

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Looking west along 42nd Street from Seventh Avenue in September 2004, including a marquee for a revival of the musical 42nd Street
Grindhouse movie theaters on 42nd Street in 1985 before its renovation; the 200 block of W. 42nd Street; former Lyric Theatre facade and nearby buildings
Grand Central Terminal at night, as seen from the west on 42nd Street
Chrysler Building, with its unique stainless-steel top, is located at Lexington Avenue and 42nd Street
East end of 42nd Street is very different in tone from the west; looking west from bridge at 1st Avenue. The Ford Foundation Building is visible in the right foreground.
Sign marking the eastern terminus of the Lincoln Highway, which begins on 42nd Street and continues to San Francisco, California

42nd Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan, running primarily in Midtown Manhattan and Hell's Kitchen.

The 20th Century Limited at Grand Central Terminal, c. 1952

Grand Central Terminal

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The 20th Century Limited at Grand Central Terminal, c. 1952
Midday pedestrian traffic in the Main Concourse
Floor plan of the main level of the terminal
Graybar Passage
The Oyster Bar ramps shown c. 1913. They were completely restored in 1998 with one change – lower walls on the pedestrian overpass.
Newsstand in the Biltmore Room, 2017
Central Cellars interior; the theater projection window is at the top left
MTA Police and lost-and-found offices
Floor plan of the Dining Level
The Vanderbilt Tennis Club's court
Rotary converter relics in the M42 basement
1913 map showing the space beneath Carey's barbershop
Baggage car mistakenly identified as Franklin D. Roosevelt's personal car, on display at the Danbury Railway Museum
Hospital room in the terminal, 1915
Glory of Commerce, a sculptural group by Jules-Félix Coutan
View of the station house looking northwest; the Main Concourse roof is visible in the building's center
The south facade features a set of three arched windows, with the Glory of Commerce sculpture at the top-center and the Vanderbilt statue at the bottom-center.
Frieze displaying the terminal's original logo
Illustration showing the viaduct as it approaches and wraps around Grand Central, 1944
Grand Central Post Office Annex in 1988
Passageway to the subway; the ramp at right leads to street level
Grand Central Depot
Grand Central Station, c. 1902
Proposal of the associated architects of Grand Central during its construction, 1905
Terminal and baggage building construction c. 1912
The MetLife Building was completed in 1963 above part of Grand Central Terminal.
The Main Concourse in 1986, featuring the Kodak Colorama, the illuminated clock, and two banks
Centennial celebration performance, 2013
East Side Access progress in 2014
Incline between concourses, showing the "whispering gallery" outside the Oyster Bar
Cutaway drawing from 1939, illustrating the use of ramps, express and suburban tracks, and the viaduct
Balloon loop visible behind Track 42
The Helmsley Building, in front of the MetLife Building, was built as part of Terminal City, a commercial and office district created above the tracks
MTA Police T3 scooters and GEM electric vehicles for patrol
The fire department's Taylor-Dunn personnel carrier and rescue truck
Platform at Track 34, commonly used in films
Saturday Night Live stage replica at a Museum of Broadcast Communications exhibition, 2018

Grand Central Terminal (GCT; also referred to as Grand Central Station or simply as Grand Central) is a commuter rail terminal located at 42nd Street and Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

Times Square

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Broadway at 42nd Street in 1898
A crowd outside One Times Square follows the progress of the Jack Dempsey vs. Georges Carpentier boxing fight in 1921.
Crowds celebrating in Times Square on V-J Day (August 15, 1945)
Madame Tussauds Wax Museum and Ripley's Believe It or Not! Odditorium are two of the newer attractions on the redeveloped 42nd Street.
The "Naked Cowboy" has been a fixture on Times Square for decades.
Looking southeast at TKTS ticket booth on a sunny afternoon in Times Square
The Times Square Ball in 2007
Times Square looking north from 44th Street

Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center, and neighborhood in Midtown Manhattan, New York.

The "skyscraper alley" of International Style buildings along the avenue looking north from 40th Street to Central Park

Sixth Avenue

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Seldom used by New Yorkers – is a major thoroughfare in New York City's borough of Manhattan, on which traffic runs northbound, or "uptown".

Seldom used by New Yorkers – is a major thoroughfare in New York City's borough of Manhattan, on which traffic runs northbound, or "uptown".

The "skyscraper alley" of International Style buildings along the avenue looking north from 40th Street to Central Park
Looking north from 14th Street in 1905, with the Sixth Avenue El on the right
The historic Ladies' Mile shopping district that thrived along Sixth Avenue left behind some of the largest retail spaces in the city. Beginning in the 1990s, the buildings began to be reused after being dormant for decades.
Sixth Avenue in 1922
Sign for Venezuela on Sixth Avenue
Jefferson Market Library in Greenwich Village

From this beginning, Sixth Avenue traverses SoHo and Greenwich Village, roughly divides Chelsea from the Flatiron District and NoMad, passes through the Garment District and skirts the edge of the Theater District while passing through Midtown Manhattan.

Facing north from 32nd Street

Eighth Avenue (Manhattan)

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Major north–south avenue on the west side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic below 59th Street.

Major north–south avenue on the west side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic below 59th Street.

Facing north from 32nd Street
The Hearst Tower at West 57th Street and Eighth Avenue
The American Museum of Natural History
Housing cooperatives on CPW: The San Remo (far right), The Langham (center-right), The Dakota (center-left), and The Majestic (far left).
Police station at 148th Street
The north building of the Port Authority Bus Terminal at West 42nd Street
The James Farley Post Office, between West 31st and 33rd Street, will be partially converted into a replacement for the current Penn Station
The original New York Cancer Hospital,<ref name=Barbanel>Barbanel, Josh. "Would an Aardvark Live Here?" The New York Times, September 17, 2006. Accessed December 31, 2009.</ref> built between 1884 and 1886, now housing, at 455 Central Park West and 106th Street
The former Inland Freight Terminal at 111 Eighth Avenue, now home to Google

Eighth Avenue begins in the West Village neighborhood at Abingdon Square (where Hudson Street becomes Eighth Avenue at an intersection with Bleecker Street) and runs north for 44 blocks through Chelsea, the Garment District, Hell's Kitchen's east end, Midtown and the Broadway theatre district in the eponymous neighborhood, before it finally enters Columbus Circle at 59th Street and becomes Central Park West.

Aerial view of the Empire State Building in 2012

Empire State Building

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Aerial view of the Empire State Building in 2012
The five-story base as seen from Fifth Avenue, with the main entrance at center. The Empire State Building sets back significantly above the base.
A pair of sculpted concrete eagles above the Fifth Avenue entrance
Lights representing the Democratic and Republican parties just prior to the 2012 election
One of several elevator lobbies
Fifth Avenue lobby
Aluminum relief of the building
80th floor observation deck
Antenna for broadcast stations are located at the top of the building
The Waldorf–Astoria in 1901
Architectural sketch of heights and allowed building areas
A worker bolts beams during construction; the Chrysler Building can be seen in the background.
During construction in October 1930; the USS Los Angeles, ZMC-2 and a J-class blimp seen overhead
Photograph of a cable worker taken by Lewis Hine
The Empire State Building in 1932; the building had no antenna for the next 21 years, until 1953
A series of setbacks causes the building to taper with height.
The World Trade Center's Twin Towers surpassed the Empire State Building in height by 1970.
The current One World Trade Center (seen in the distance under construction) surpassed the Empire State Building's height on April 30, 2012
Height comparison of several New York City buildings, with Empire State second from left
Wreckage from the 1945 Empire State Building B-25 crash
The Empire State Building, Glenn Odem Coleman,
c. 1931
The Empire State Building is bathed annually in rainbow-colored lighting during the Pride Month of June, evoking the international LGBT icon, as seen in this 2015 image.
Since 2009, the Empire State Building has been lit blue and white annually for commencement at Columbia University
The current One World Trade Center (seen in the distance) surpassed the Empire State Building's height on April 30, 2012

The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

Looking northward from the Metropolitan Museum of Art at 81st Street

Fifth Avenue

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Major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.

Major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.

Looking northward from the Metropolitan Museum of Art at 81st Street
Robert L. Bracklow (1849–1919), from his Glimpses through the Camera series, Fifth Avenue at 42nd Street, New York, USA, September 1, 1888, albumen print cabinet card, Department of Image Collections, National Gallery of Art Library, Washington, DC
Fifth Avenue after a snow storm in 1905
Members of Naval Reserve Center Bronx's color guard march up Fifth Avenue at the 244th Annual NYC St. Patrick's Day parade
1026–1028 Fifth Avenue, one of the few extant mansions on Millionaire's Row
The Museum Mile street sign
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Fifth Avenue looking north from 51st Street. This section of the street contains numerous boutiques and flagship stores.
Bird's-eye view looking north from 51st St. c. 1893
Street view looking north from 51st St. c. 1895
The same shot in March 2015
Christmas on Fifth Avenue in 1896
Fifth Avenue, 1918
Fifth Avenue begins at the Washington Square Arch in Washington Square Park
Memorial to New York architect Richard Morris Hunt, Fifth Avenue between 70th and 71st Streets
The Plaza Hotel, c.1907

Fifth Avenue originates at Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village and runs northwards through the heart of Midtown, along the eastern side of Central Park, where it forms the boundary of the Upper East Side and through Harlem, where it terminates at the Harlem River at 142nd Street.

Daytime scene on Broadway Broadway.png Broadway through Manhattan, the Bronx and lower Westchester County is highlighted in red

Broadway (Manhattan)

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Road in the U.S. state of New York.

Road in the U.S. state of New York.

Daytime scene on Broadway Broadway.png Broadway through Manhattan, the Bronx and lower Westchester County is highlighted in red
Broadway in 1834
Broadway in 1860
Somerindyke House, Bloomingdale Road, middle 19th century
Looking north from Broome Street (circa 1853–55)
In 1885, the Broadway commercial district was overrun with telephone, telegraph, and electrical lines. This view was north from Cortlandt and Maiden Lane.
The segment of Broadway in Times Square
A view up Broadway from Bowling Green, with the Chrysler Building visible in the background
A view of Broadway in 1909
Broadway looking north from 48th Street in the Theater District
X-shaped intersection of Broadway (from lower right to upper left) and Amsterdam Avenue (lower left to upper right), looking north from Sherman Square to West 72nd Street and the treetops of Verdi Square
Broadway at Dyckman Street in Inwood
North Broadway (U.S. 9) in Yonkers
The Washington Irving Memorial on North Broadway in Irvington, not far from Irving's home, Sunnyside
Canyon of Heroes during a ticker-tape parade for the Apollo 11 astronauts on August 13, 1969
Broadway under the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line's elevated structure in the Bronx
Plan of 1868 for an "arcade railway"
International Mercantile Marine Company Building

Because Broadway preceded the grid that the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 imposed on the island, Broadway crosses midtown Manhattan diagonally, intersecting with both the east–west streets and north–south avenues.

Theater District, Manhattan

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New York City's Theater District (sometimes spelled Theatre District, and officially zoned as the "Theater Subdistrict" ) is an area and neighborhood in Midtown Manhattan where most Broadway theaters are located, as well as many other theaters, movie theaters, restaurants, hotels, and other places of entertainment.