Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21

MiG-21MiG 21MiG-21sMiG-21bisMIG-21MFMiG-21 LanceRMiG-21BisonMiG-21F-13MiG-21 FishbedMiG-21M
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.wikipedia
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McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle

F-15 EagleF-15F-15C Eagle
It made aviation records, became the most-produced supersonic jet aircraft in aviation history, the most-produced combat aircraft since the Korean War and previously the longest production run of a combat aircraft (now exceeded by both the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle and General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon).
In practice, due to policy and practical reasons, aircraft were closing to visual range and maneuvering, placing the larger US aircraft at a disadvantage to the much less expensive day fighters such as the MiG-21.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23

MiG-23MiG-23BNMiG-23s
It was replaced by the newer variable-geometry MiG-23 and MiG-27 for ground support duties.
The MiG-23's predecessor, the MiG-21, was fast and agile, but limited in its operational capabilities by its primitive radar, short range, and limited weapons load (restricted in some aircraft to a pair of short-range R-3/K-13 (AA-2 "Atoll") air-to-air missiles).

Northrop F-5

F-5F-5 Freedom FighterF-5E
It was a lightweight fighter, achieving Mach 2 with a relatively low-powered afterburning turbojet, and is thus comparable to the American Lockheed F-104 Starfighter and Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter and the French Dassault Mirage III.
In 1970, Northrop won the International Fighter Aircraft (IFA) competition to replace the F-5A, with better air-to-air performance against aircraft like the Soviet MiG-21.

List of most-produced aircraft

most producedmost-producedany other aircraft
It made aviation records, became the most-produced supersonic jet aircraft in aviation history, the most-produced combat aircraft since the Korean War and previously the longest production run of a combat aircraft (now exceeded by both the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle and General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon).

Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-150 family

Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-152Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-152AYe-152
Its basic layout was used for numerous other Soviet designs; delta-winged aircraft included Su-9 interceptor and the fast E-150 prototype from MiG bureau while the mass-produced successful front fighter Su-7 and Mikoyan's I-75 experimental interceptor combined a similar fuselage shape with swept-back wings.
The requirement for supersonic interception speed and the ability to carry heavy avionic systems dictated the size; in comparison the contemporary MiG-21F (similar in layout), weighed 4,819 kg (10,624 lb) and was 15.76m (51 ft 8-1/2in) long, compared with 12,345 kg (27,215 lb) and 18.14m (59 ft 6in) respectively, for the Ye-150.

4477th Test and Evaluation Squadron

Constant Peg4477th Tactical Evaluation Squadron4477th Test & Evaluation Squadron
The MiGs were added to the 4477th Test and Evaluation Squadron ("Red Eagles"), an USAF aggressor squadron at Tonopah Test Range.
The declassified history of the squadron shows that it operated MiG-17s, MiG-21s and MiG-23s between 1977 and 1988, but it was not formally disbanded until July 1990.

Pakistan Air Force

PAFAir ForcePakistani Air Force
The 1971 war witnessed the first supersonic air combat in the world subcontinent when an Indian MiG-21FLs claimed a PAF F-104A Starfighter with its GSh-23 twin-barrelled 23 mm cannon.
As per them, the IAF's MiG-21, Hawker Hunter and Folland Gnat aircraft had better performance than the PAF's F-86 fighters.

Inlet cone

shock coneinlet conesshock cones
The fuselage is semi-monocoque with an elliptical profile and a maximum width of 1.24 m. The air flow to the engine is regulated by an inlet cone in the air intake.
Some turbojet aircraft including the Su-7, MiG-21, English Electric Lightning, and SR-71 also use an inlet cone.

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

HALHindustan AeronauticsHindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
A total of 194 MiG-21F-13s were built under licence in Czechoslovakia, and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. of India built 657 MiG-21FL, MiG-21M and MiG-21bis (of which 225 were bis)
HAL also developed an advanced version of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, known as MiG-21 Bison, which increased its life-span by more than 20 years.

Cobra maneuver

Pugachev's Cobracobracobra manoeuvre
It's also one of the earliest examples of planes capable of performing the Cobra maneuver.
Due to this, the Syrians had to order new combat aircraft, which resulted in the Mig-21F-13 in June 1962.

Vietnam People's Air Force

Vietnamese People's Air ForceNorth Vietnamese Air ForceVietnamese Air Force
Because the Vietnam People's Air Force's (VPAF) 923rd FR was newer and less experienced, they would continue to operate MiG-17s, while the arrival of the MiG-19s (J6 versions) from China in 1969 would create North Vietnam's only MiG-19 unit, the 925th FR.
In 1965, the NVAF were supplied with supersonic MiG-21s by the USSR which were used for high speed GCI controlled hit and run intercepts against American air strike groups.

Tumansky R-25

R-25R25
Mig-21's Tumansky R-25 jet engine's specialty was the addition of a second fuel pump in the afterburning stage.
The Tumansky R-25 was designed as a replacement for Tumansky R-13 in MiG-21 fighters.

Shenyang J-6

J-6F-6Shenyang F-6
Because the Vietnam People's Air Force's (VPAF) 923rd FR was newer and less experienced, they would continue to operate MiG-17s, while the arrival of the MiG-19s (J6 versions) from China in 1969 would create North Vietnam's only MiG-19 unit, the 925th FR. By the time the hostilities came to an end, the IAF MiG-21FLs had claimed four PAF F-104As, two PAF Shenyang F-6, one PAF North American F-86 Sabre and one PAF Lockheed C-130 Hercules.
However, the J-6 was ineffective against the faster Yugoslav MiG-21 'Fishbed'.

Delta wing

deltadelta-wingeddouble delta
A number of experimental Mach 2 Soviet designs were based on nose intakes with either swept-back wings, such as the Sukhoi Su-7, or tailed deltas, of which the MiG-21 would be the most successful.
Common on Soviet types such as the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21.

RP-21 Sapfir

RP-21Sapfir-23L
Although the MiG-21 lacked the long-range radar, missiles, and heavy bomb load of its contemporary multi-mission U.S. fighters, with its RP-21 Sapfir radar it proved a challenging adversary in the hands of experienced pilots, especially when used in high-speed hit-and-run attacks under GCI control.
The RP-21 Sapfir (NATO codename: Spin Scan) was a radar system, developed by the Soviet Union for use in the updated MiG-21PF fighter, and later versions of the MiG-21.

Indonesian Air Force

Air ForceTNI-AUIndonesia
The Indonesian Air Force purchased 22 MiG-21s.
Several Soviet-built aircraft began to arrive in the early 1960s including the MiG-15UTI from Czechoslovakia, MiG-17F/PF, MiG-19S and MiG-21F-13, in addition to Ilyushin Il-28, Mil Mi-4, Mil Mi-6, Antonov An-12 and Avia 14 also from Czechoslovakia.

Lockheed F-104 Starfighter

F-104 StarfighterF-104Lockheed F-104G Starfighter
It was a lightweight fighter, achieving Mach 2 with a relatively low-powered afterburning turbojet, and is thus comparable to the American Lockheed F-104 Starfighter and Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter and the French Dassault Mirage III. The 1971 war witnessed the first supersonic air combat in the world subcontinent when an Indian MiG-21FLs claimed a PAF F-104A Starfighter with its GSh-23 twin-barrelled 23 mm cannon.
On 19 April 1965 the 476th Tactical Fighter Squadron (TFS) of the 479th Tactical Fighter Wing (TFW) arrived at Da Nang AB to help protect the F-105 Thunderchiefs against MiG-17s and especially MiG-21s that were beginning to be flown by the Vietnamese Peoples' Air Force (VPAF).

Operation Rimon 20

Rimon 20large scale air brawlshot down five Soviet fighters
Israel decided to plan an ambush (Operation Rimon 20) in response.
As expected, 24 Soviet-flown MiG-21s were scrambled to intercept what they believed to be a routine Israeli reconnaissance flight.

Indian Air Force

Royal Indian Air ForceAir ForceIAF
In 1961, the Indian Air Force (IAF) opted to purchase the MiG-21 over several other Western competitors.
At the same time, the IAF also started inducting Mach 2 capable Soviet MiG-21 and Sukhoi Su-7 fighters.

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

1965second warIndo-Pakistan War of 1965
Due to limited induction numbers and lack of pilot training, the IAF MiG-21 played a limited role in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
The IAF was flying large numbers of Hawker Hunters, Indian-manufactured Folland Gnats, de Havilland Vampires, EE Canberra bombers and a squadron of MiG-21s.

Dissimilar air combat training

DACTaggressordissimilar air combat tactics
The USAF quickly followed with their own version, titled the Dissimilar Air Combat Training (sometimes referred to as Red Flag) program at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada.
From 1965 to 1968, US pilots found themselves over the skies of North Vietnam pitted against the smaller, more nimble subsonic Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 and the supersonic Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21.

General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon

F-16F-16 Fighting FalconF-16C Fighting Falcon
It made aviation records, became the most-produced supersonic jet aircraft in aviation history, the most-produced combat aircraft since the Korean War and previously the longest production run of a combat aircraft (now exceeded by both the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle and General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon).
Acquiring these F-16s would allow Croatia to retire its aging MiG-21s.

Soviet air show

Soviet air showsSoviet Aviation DayTushino air show
It made its maiden flight on 16 June 1955 and its first public appearance during the Soviet Aviation Day display at Moscow's Tushino airfield in July 1956.

Fighter aircraft

fighterfightersjet fighter
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The prospect of a potential third world war featuring large mechanized armies and nuclear-weapon strikes led to a degree of specialization along two design approaches: interceptors, such as the English Electric Lightning and Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21F; and fighter-bombers, such as the Republic F-105 Thunderchief and the Sukhoi Su-7B.

Yom Kippur War

October War1973 Arab-Israeli War1973 Arab–Israeli War
During the Yom Kippur War, Israel claimed 73 kills against Egyptian MiG-21s (65 confirmed).
From the end of 1972, Egypt began a concentrated effort to build up its forces, receiving MiG-21 jet fighters, SA-2, SA-3, SA-6 and SA-7 antiaircraft missiles, T-55 and T-62 tanks, RPG-7 antitank weapons, and the AT-3 Sagger anti-tank guided missile from the Soviet Union and improving its military tactics, based on Soviet battlefield doctrines.