Milan Rastislav Štefánik

Milan ŠtefánikŠtefánikMilan StefanikM. R. ŠtefánikM.R.Štefánik
Milan Rastislav Štefánik (21 July 1880 – 4 May 1919) was a Slovak politician, diplomat, aviator, Freemason, and astronomer.wikipedia
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Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
During World War I, he served at the same time as a general in the French Army and as Minister of War for Czechoslovakia.
With Edvard Beneš and Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Masaryk visited several Western countries and won support from influential publicists.

Slovakia

🇸🇰SlovakSVK
Štefánik was born in Košariská, Austria-Hungary (now Slovakia), on 21 July 1880.
A Slovak patriot Milan Rastislav Štefánik (1880–1919), who helped organise Czechoslovak regiments against Austria-Hungary during the First World War, died in a plane crash.

Czechoslovak National Council

As one of the leading members of the Czechoslovak National Council (the resistance government), he contributed decisively to the cause of Czechoslovakian sovereignty, since the status of Czech- and Slovak-populated territories was one of those in question until shortly before the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in 1918.
Milan Štefánik, a Slovak who was an aviator in the French Army, was designated to represent Slovak interests in the national council.

Slovaks

SlovakSlovakianSlovakians
As one of the leading members of the Czechoslovak National Council (the resistance government), he contributed decisively to the cause of Czechoslovakian sovereignty, since the status of Czech- and Slovak-populated territories was one of those in question until shortly before the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in 1918.
Slovakia is also known for its polyhistors, of whom include Pavol Jozef Šafárik, Matej Bel, Ján Kollár, and its political revolutionaries, such Milan Rastislav Štefánik and Alexander Dubček.

Košariská

Štefánik was born in Košariská, Austria-Hungary (now Slovakia), on 21 July 1880.
* Milan Rastislav Štefánik, General, astronomer, and politician

Edvard Beneš

BenešPresident BenešBeneš, Edvard
Štefánik returned to Paris at the end of 1915, where he became acquainted with Edvard Beneš and renewed his association with his former professor, Masaryk.
In May 1918, Beneš, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and Milan Rastislav Štefánik were reported to be organizing a Czecho-Slovak army to fight for the Western Allies in France, recruited from among Czechs and Slovaks who were able to get to the front and also from the large emigrant populations in the United States, which was said to number more than 1,500,000.

Czechoslovak Legion

Czech LegionCzechoslovaksCzechoslovak Army
In 1916, Štefánik and the Czecho-Slovak resistance started to organise the Czechoslovak Legions to fight against Austria-Hungary and Germany.
With the help of émigré intellectuals and politicians such as the Czech Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and the Slovak Milan Rastislav Štefánik, they grew into a force of over 100,000 strong.

Medical evacuation

medevacMEDIVACmedevaced
The Serbian campaign was unsuccessful, but French aviator Louis Paulhan is credited with the world's first "medevac" by flying the seriously-ill Štefánik to safety.
One of the ill soldiers in that first medical transport was Milan Rastislav Štefánik, a Slovak pilot-volunteer who was flown to safety by French aviator Louis Paulhan.

Bratislava Airport

BratislavaairportIvanka Airport
Bratislava Airport (also called Bratislava-Ivanka) was named M.R. Štefánik Airport.
In 1993 it was named after general Milan Rastislav Štefánik, whose aircraft crashed near Bratislava in 1919.

History of Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovak Czechoslovakia
History of Czechoslovakia
In 1917, during World War I, Tomáš Masaryk created the Czechoslovak National Council together with Edvard Beneš and Milan Štefánik (a Slovak astronomer and war hero).

Louis Paulhan

The Serbian campaign was unsuccessful, but French aviator Louis Paulhan is credited with the world's first "medevac" by flying the seriously-ill Štefánik to safety.
The Serbian campaign was unsuccessful, but Paulhan is credited with the world's first "medevac" when he flew the seriously ill Milan Stefanik to safety.

Starý most (Bratislava)

Old BridgeStarý mostFranz Joseph Bridge
The Hungarian communists, in the middle of Bratislava's Franz Joseph Bridge, could not have shot down the plane.
During the first Czechoslovak republic (1918 - 1938) it was called Štefánikov most (Štefánik Bridge).

Brezová pod Bradlom

Brezova
Štefánik's tomb was built in 1927 to 1928 on Bradlo Hill in Brezová pod Bradlom.
The monumental tomb of Milan Rastislav Štefánik is located on the Bradlo hill (543 metres (1,781 ft), approximately three kilometres from the town, on the road to Košariská.

Slovak Air Force

Air and Air Defence ForcesSlovak Air Force (Slovak Air Force)Slovakian Air Force
The transport wing of the Slovak Air Force located at Malacky Air Base was named as Transport Wing of General Milan Rastislav Štefánik.
Transport Wing "General Milan Rastislav Štefánik", at Malacky Air Base

List of firsts in aviation

Pioneer aircraftpioneered jet flightPioneering
List of firsts in aviation
First medical evacuation (medevac) by air: Louis Paulhan evacuated the seriously ill Milan Stefanik from the Serbian front in 1915.

Dušan Jurkovič

The monumental but austere memorial was designed by Dušan Jurkovič.
Among the best known of his later works is the tombs of Jozef Miloslav Hurban and Milan Rastislav Štefánik, monument to Slovak National Uprising, and the cable car station at Lomnický štít in the High Tatras mountains.

History of Slovakia

Slovak national movementSlovakiahistory
History of Slovakia
The most important Slovak representative at this time, Milan Rastislav Štefánik, a French citizen of Slovak origin, served as a French general and as leading representative of the Czecho-Slovak National Council based in Paris.

Aircraft pilot

pilotaviatorpilots
Milan Rastislav Štefánik (21 July 1880 – 4 May 1919) was a Slovak politician, diplomat, aviator, Freemason, and astronomer.

Freemasonry

freemasonMasonicFreemasons
Milan Rastislav Štefánik (21 July 1880 – 4 May 1919) was a Slovak politician, diplomat, aviator, Freemason, and astronomer.

Astronomer

astronomersastrophysicistprofessional astronomers
Milan Rastislav Štefánik (21 July 1880 – 4 May 1919) was a Slovak politician, diplomat, aviator, Freemason, and astronomer.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
During World War I, he served at the same time as a general in the French Army and as Minister of War for Czechoslovakia.

Austria-Hungary

Austro-HungarianAustro-Hungarian EmpireAustrian
Štefánik was born in Košariská, Austria-Hungary (now Slovakia), on 21 July 1880. As one of the leading members of the Czechoslovak National Council (the resistance government), he contributed decisively to the cause of Czechoslovakian sovereignty, since the status of Czech- and Slovak-populated territories was one of those in question until shortly before the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in 1918.

Lutheranism

LutheranLutheransLutheran Church
His father, Pavol Štefánik, was a local Lutheran pastor, and his mother was Albertína Jurenková.

Bratislava

PressburgPozsonyPreßburg
He attended schools in Bratislava, Sopron and Szarvas.

Sopron

ÖdenburgScarbantiaOedenburg
He attended schools in Bratislava, Sopron and Szarvas.