Military career of Adolf Hitler

Adolf HitlercareerHitler while he was serving in the German Armyinept leadership of the German militaryservedservice in the German Army
The military career of Adolf Hitler can be divided into two distinct portions of Adolf Hitler's life.wikipedia
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Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
The military career of Adolf Hitler can be divided into two distinct portions of Adolf Hitler's life.
He moved to Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I.

Hugo Gutmann

Hitler's First Class Iron Cross was recommended by Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann, a Jewish adjutant in the List Regiment.
Hitler wore this medal throughout the remainder of his career, including while serving as Führer of Nazi Germany.

Beelitz

Beelitz-HeilstättenKörzin
He begged not to be evacuated, but was sent for almost two months to the Red Cross hospital at Beelitz in Brandenburg.
During October and November 1916, Adolf Hitler recuperated at Beelitz-Heilstätten after being wounded in the leg at the Battle of the Somme.

Gefreiter

HauptgefreiterEfreitorYefreytor
Mainly, the period during World War I when Hitler served as a Gefreiter (lance corporal) in the Bavarian Army, and the era of World War II when Hitler served as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) through his position as Führer of Nazi Germany. After the battle, Hitler was promoted from Schütze (Private) to Gefreiter (Lance Corporal).

Bavarian Army

Royal Bavarian ArmyBavarianarmy
Mainly, the period during World War I when Hitler served as a Gefreiter (lance corporal) in the Bavarian Army, and the era of World War II when Hitler served as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) through his position as Führer of Nazi Germany.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Mainly, the period during World War I when Hitler served as a Gefreiter (lance corporal) in the Bavarian Army, and the era of World War II when Hitler served as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) through his position as Führer of Nazi Germany.

Wehrmacht

German ArmyGermanGerman forces
Mainly, the period during World War I when Hitler served as a Gefreiter (lance corporal) in the Bavarian Army, and the era of World War II when Hitler served as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) through his position as Führer of Nazi Germany.

Führer

FuhrerFührer und ReichskanzlerEin Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer
Mainly, the period during World War I when Hitler served as a Gefreiter (lance corporal) in the Bavarian Army, and the era of World War II when Hitler served as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) through his position as Führer of Nazi Germany.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
Mainly, the period during World War I when Hitler served as a Gefreiter (lance corporal) in the Bavarian Army, and the era of World War II when Hitler served as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) through his position as Führer of Nazi Germany.

Munich

Munich, GermanyMünchenMunich, West Germany
Hitler received the final part of his father's estate in May 1913 and moved to Munich, where he earned money painting architectural scenes.

Vienna

Vienna, AustriaWienViennese
He may have left Vienna to evade conscription into the Austrian Army.

Austro-Hungarian Army

Austrian armyAustro-HungarianAustrian
He may have left Vienna to evade conscription into the Austrian Army.

Austria-Hungary

Austro-Hungarian EmpireAustro-HungarianAustria–Hungary
Hitler later claimed that he did not wish to serve the Habsburg Empire because of the mixture of "races" in its army. He was 25 years old in August 1914, when Austria-Hungary and the German Empire entered the First World War.

Salzburg

Salzburg, AustriaIuvavumSalzbourg
The Bavarian police sent him back to Salzburg for induction into the Austrian Army, but he failed his physical exam on 5 February 1914 and returned to Munich.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
He was 25 years old in August 1914, when Austria-Hungary and the German Empire entered the First World War.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Mainly, the period during World War I when Hitler served as a Gefreiter (lance corporal) in the Bavarian Army, and the era of World War II when Hitler served as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) through his position as Führer of Nazi Germany. He was 25 years old in August 1914, when Austria-Hungary and the German Empire entered the First World War.

German nationalism

German nationalistGerman nationalistsnationalist
In the army, Hitler continued to put forth his German nationalist ideas which he developed from a young age.

6th Bavarian Reserve Division

Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 16RIR 16
During the war, Hitler served in France and Belgium in the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 16 (1st Company of the List Regiment).

First Battle of Ypres

Ypres 1914YpresGheluvelt
He was an infantryman in the 1st Company during the First Battle of Ypres (October 1914), which Germans remember as the Kindermord bei Ypern (Ypres Massacre of the Innocents) because approximately 40,000 men (between a third and a half) of nine newly-enlisted infantry divisions became casualties in 20 days.

John Keegan

Keegan, JohnSir John KeeganJohn Desmond Patrick Keegan
Biographer John Keegan claims that this experience drove Hitler to become aloof and withdrawn for the remaining years of war.

Schütze

SS-SchützefreeshooterPrivate
After the battle, Hitler was promoted from Schütze (Private) to Gefreiter (Lance Corporal).

Private (rank)

privateprivatesprivate soldier
After the battle, Hitler was promoted from Schütze (Private) to Gefreiter (Lance Corporal).

Lance corporal

Lance-CorporalLCplL Cpl
Mainly, the period during World War I when Hitler served as a Gefreiter (lance corporal) in the Bavarian Army, and the era of World War II when Hitler served as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) through his position as Führer of Nazi Germany. After the battle, Hitler was promoted from Schütze (Private) to Gefreiter (Lance Corporal).

Alsace

AlsatianAlsatiansElsass
In August 1917 the List Regiment transferred to a quiet sector of the front in Alsace.

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyState of BerlinGerman capital
Hitler, though heartbroken by his loss, did take his first leave, which consisted of an 18-day visit to Berlin where he stayed with the family of a comrade.