Military strategy

strategicstrategymilitary strategiststrategicallystrategistmilitary strategiesstrategiesmilitary strategicArt of Warmilitary strategists
Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.wikipedia
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Sun Tzu

SunziSun TsuSun Wu
Sun Tzu (544-496 BC) is often considered as the father of Eastern military strategy and greatly influenced Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese historical and modern war tactics. The principles of military strategy emerged at least as far back as 500 BC in the works of Sun Tzu and Chanakya.
Sun Tzu ( undefined) was a Chinese general, military strategist, writer and philosopher who lived in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China.

The Art of War

Art of WarbookSun Tzu's Art of War
The Art of War by Sun Tzu grew in popularity and saw practical use in Western society as well.
Each one is devoted to an aspect of warfare and how it applies to military strategy and tactics.

Military science

defence studiesmilitary affairsmilitary scientist
Tactics is the military science employed to secure objectives defined as part of the military strategy; especially the methods whereby men, equipment, aircraft, ships and weapons are employed and directed against an enemy.
Military science serves to identify the strategic, political, economic, psychological, social, operational, technological, and tactical elements necessary to sustain relative advantage of military force; and to increase the likelihood and favorable outcomes of victory in peace or during a war.

Strategic goal (military)

military objectivestrategic goalstrategic
Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.
Usually it entails either a strategic change in an enemy's military posture, intentions or ongoing operations, or achieving a strategic victory over the enemy that ends the conflict, although the goal can be set in terms of diplomatic or economic conditions, defined by purely territorial gains, or the evidence that the enemy's will to fight has been broken.

Scorched earth

scorched-earthscorched earth policyscorched earth tactics
Early strategies included the strategy of annihilation, exhaustion, attrition warfare, scorched earth action, blockade, guerrilla campaign, deception and feint.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy when retreating from a position.


logisticallogisticlogistics management
Military strategy in the 19th century was still viewed as one of a trivium of "arts" or "sciences" that govern the conduct of warfare; the others being tactics, the execution of plans and maneuvering of forces in battle, and logistics, the maintenance of an army.
In military science, maintaining one's supply lines while disrupting those of the enemy is a crucial—some would say the most crucial—element of military strategy, since an armed force without resources and transportation is defenseless.

Cyrus the Great

CyrusCyrus IIKing Cyrus
The campaigns of Alexander the Great, Chandragupta Maurya, Hannibal, Qin Shi Huang, Julius Cæsar, Zhuge Liang, Khalid ibn al-Walid and, in particular, Cyrus the Great demonstrate strategic planning and movement.
Cyrus the Great is also well recognized for his achievements in human rights, politics, and military strategy, as well as his influence on both Eastern and Western civilizations.

Flanking maneuver

As the battle progressed, the enemy committed their reserves to stabilize the situation, Napoleon would suddenly release the flanking formation to attack the enemy.
Flanking can also occur at the operational and strategic levels of warfare.

Attrition warfare

war of attritionattritionbattle of attrition
Early strategies included the strategy of annihilation, exhaustion, attrition warfare, scorched earth action, blockade, guerrilla campaign, deception and feint.
Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.

On War

Vom KriegeAbout Warfirst principle
Clausewitz's On War has become the respected reference for strategy, dealing with political, as well as military, leadership.
Vom Kriege is a book on war and military strategy by Prussian general Carl von Clausewitz (1780–1831), written mostly after the Napoleonic wars, between 1816 and 1830, and published posthumously by his wife Marie von Brühl in 1832.

William Tecumseh Sherman

William T. ShermanShermanGeneral Sherman
The practice of strategy was advanced by generals such as Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman, all of whom had been influenced by the feats of Napoleon (Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson was said to have carried a book of Napoleon's maxims with him.)
He served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the scorched earth policies he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States.

Helmuth von Moltke the Elder

Helmuth von MoltkeMoltkeHelmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke
Field Marshal Count Helmuth von Moltke expressed strategy as a system of "ad hoc expedients" by which a general must take action while under pressure.
Moltke's main thesis was that military strategy had to be understood as a system of options since it was only possible to plan the beginning of a military operation.

Military organization

formationmilitary unitunit
Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.
Although during the Second World War a Command was also a name given to a battle group in the US Army, in general it is an administrative and executive strategic headquarters which is responsible to the national government or the national military headquarters.

Genghis Khan

GenghisChingiz KhanTemüjin
As a counterpoint to European developments in the strategic art, the Mongol Emperor Genghis Khan provides a useful example.
His military strategies showed a deep interest in gathering intelligence and understanding the motivations of his rivals, exemplified by his extensive spy network and Yam route systems.

Naval strategy

StrategyNavalnaval strategist
At a time when industrialisation was rapidly changing naval technology, one American strategist, Alfred Thayer Mahan, almost single-handedly brought the field of naval strategy up to date.
Naval strategy is the planning and conduct of war at sea, the naval equivalent of military strategy on land.

Defence in depth

defense in depthdefence-in-depthelastic defence
The problem with attrition was that the use of fortified defenses in depth generally required a ratio of ten attackers to one defender, or a level of artillery support which was simply not feasible until late 1917, for any reasonable chance of victory.
Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.

Battle of annihilation

The Germans executed a perfect battle of annihilation against the Russians at the Battle of Tannenberg.
Annihilation is a military strategy in which an attacking army seeks to entirely destroy the military capacity of the opposing army.

Strategic bombing

air raidair raidsterror bombing
Douhet's doctrine of strategic bombing meant striking at the enemy's heartland—his cities, industry and communications.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale, its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.

Grand strategy

grand strategicstrategyselective engagement
It is larger in perspective than military tactics, which involves the disposition and maneuver of units on a particular sea or battlefield, but less broad than grand strategy otherwise called national strategy, which is the overarching strategy of the largest of organizations such as the nation state, confederation, or international alliance and involves using diplomatic, informational, military and economic resources.


air powerairdirection of air operations
The leading theorist of air power was Italian general Giulio Douhet, who believed that future wars would be won or lost in the air.
Airpower or air power consists of the application of military aviation, military strategy and strategic theory to the realm of aerial warfare and close air support.

J. F. C. Fuller

J.F.C. FullerFuller, Maj. Gen. J. F. C.Fuller, J.F.C.
British general J. F. C. Fuller, architect of the first great tank battle at Cambrai, and his contemporary, B. H. Liddell Hart, were amongst the most prominent advocates of mechanization and motorization of the army in Britain.
Major-General John Frederick Charles "Boney" Fuller (1 September 1878 – 10 February 1966) was a senior British Army officer, military historian, and strategist, notable as an early theorist of modern armoured warfare, including categorising principles of warfare.


KautilyaKautiliyaAcharya Chanakya
The principles of military strategy emerged at least as far back as 500 BC in the works of Sun Tzu and Chanakya.

Strategic bombing during World War II

strategic bombing campaignstrategic bombingstrategic bombing campaign against Germany
Through 1942 and 1943, the Allies gradually won the war at sea and in the air, blockading Germany and subjecting her to a strategic bombing campaign of increasing effectiveness Strategic bombing during World War II.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy which is distinct from both close air support of ground forces and tactical air power.

People's Liberation Army

PLAChinese People's Liberation ArmyChinese Army
Within the Chinese Red Army, later to be called as the People's Liberation Army, the concept of People's War was the basis of strategy against the Japanese and Nationalist forces, and also against a hypothetical Russian invasion of China.
In keeping with Deng's mandate to reform, the PLA has demobilized millions of men and women since 1978 and has introduced modern methods in such areas as recruitment and manpower, strategy, and education and training.


philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
The two most significant students of his work were Carl von Clausewitz, a Prussian with a background in philosophy, and Antoine-Henri Jomini, who had been one of Napoleon's staff officers.
Clausewitz's political philosophy of war has had a profound effect on statecraft, international politics and military strategy in the 20th century, especially around World War II.