Milk

cow's milkcow milkwhole milkdairymilk proteindairy milkhomogenized milkcowMilk, regularbovine milk
Milk is a nutrient-rich, white liquid food produced by the mammary glands of mammals.wikipedia
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Mammary gland

mammaemammary glandsmammary
Milk is a nutrient-rich, white liquid food produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in humans and other mammals that produces milk to feed young offspring.

Lactation

lactatinglactatenurse
Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother's antibodies to its young and can reduce the risk of many diseases.
Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.

Colostrum

beestingsfirst milkhyperimmune bovine colostrum
Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother's antibodies to its young and can reduce the risk of many diseases.
Colostrum (known colloquially as beestings, bisnings or first milk) is the first form of milk produced by the mammary glands of mammals (including many humans) immediately following delivery of the newborn.

Dairy

dairiesdairy industrydairying
As an agricultural product, milk, also called dairy milk, is extracted from farm animals during or soon after pregnancy.
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.

Dairy farming

dairy farmdairy farmerdairy
Dairy farms produced about 730 million tonnes of milk in 2011, from 260 million dairy cows.
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.

Milking

milkmilkedcow milker
As an agricultural product, milk, also called dairy milk, is extracted from farm animals during or soon after pregnancy.
Milking is the act of removing milk from the mammary glands of cattle, water buffalo, humans, goats, sheep and more rarely camels, horses and donkeys.

Lactose

milk sugarmilk sugarssugars
It contains many other nutrients including protein and lactose.
Lactose makes up around 2–8% of milk (by weight).

Almond milk

almondalmond-almondmilk
The definition above precludes non-animal products which resemble dairy milk in color and texture, such as almond milk, coconut milk, rice milk, and soy milk.
Almond milk is a plant milk manufactured from almonds with a creamy texture and nutty flavor, although some types or brands are flavored in imitation of dairy milk.

Soy milk

soymilksoya milkSoy Beverage
The definition above precludes non-animal products which resemble dairy milk in color and texture, such as almond milk, coconut milk, rice milk, and soy milk.
It became a common beverage in Europe and North America in the later half of the 20th century, especially as production techniques were developed to give it taste and consistency more closely resembling dairy milk.

Food

foodsfoodstufffood products
Milk is a nutrient-rich, white liquid food produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Food products produced by animals include milk produced by mammary glands, which in many cultures is drunk or processed into dairy products (cheese, butter, etc.).

Yogurt

yoghurtdahicurd
Milk is processed into a variety of products such as cream, butter, yogurt, kefir, ice cream, and cheese.
Yogurt ( or ; from yoğurt), also spelled yoghurt, yogourt or yoghourt, is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.

Cream

heavy creamdouble creamwhipped cream
Milk is processed into a variety of products such as cream, butter, yogurt, kefir, ice cream, and cheese.
Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-fat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization.

Curd

curdscoagulationcoagulate
People therefore converted milk to curd, cheese and other products to reduce the levels of lactose.
Curd is a dairy product obtained by coagulating milk in a process called curdling.

Ice cream

ice-creamIcecreamDairy Division
Milk is processed into a variety of products such as cream, butter, yogurt, kefir, ice cream, and cheese.
It may be made from dairy milk or cream and is flavored with a sweetener, either sugar or an alternative, and any spice, such as cocoa or vanilla.

Condensed milk

sweetened condensed milkcondensedcondensation
Modern industrial processes use milk to produce casein, whey protein, lactose, condensed milk, powdered milk, and many other food-additives and industrial products.
Condensed milk is cow's milk from which water has been removed (roughly 60% of it).

Casein

sodium caseinatemicellar caseincasein protein
Modern industrial processes use milk to produce casein, whey protein, lactose, condensed milk, powdered milk, and many other food-additives and industrial products.
These proteins are commonly found in mammalian milk, comprising c. 80% of the proteins in cow's milk and between 20% and 45% of the proteins in human milk.

Powdered milk

milk powderdried milkmilk solids
Modern industrial processes use milk to produce casein, whey protein, lactose, condensed milk, powdered milk, and many other food-additives and industrial products.
Powdered milk or dried milk is a manufactured dairy product made by evaporating milk to dryness.

Lactase persistence

lactose tolerancedigest lactasedigest lactose
Thousands of years ago, a chance mutation spread in human populations in Europe that enabled the production of lactase in adulthood.
Since lactase's only function is the digestion of lactose in milk, in most mammal species, the activity of the enzyme is dramatically reduced after weaning.

Kefir

kefir grainskefirankeefir
Milk is processed into a variety of products such as cream, butter, yogurt, kefir, ice cream, and cheese.
The drink originated in the North Caucasus, Eastern Europe and Russia, where it is prepared by inoculating cow, goat, or sheep milk with kefir grains.

Lactase

LactaidLCTlactase enzyme
Initially, the ability to digest milk was limited to children as adults did not produce lactase, an enzyme necessary for digesting the lactose in milk.
Lactase is essential to the complete digestion of whole milk; it breaks down lactose, a sugar which gives milk its sweetness.

Water buffalo

buffalobuffaloesBubalus bubalis
Those groups who do continue to tolerate milk, however, often have exercised great creativity in using the milk of domesticated ungulates, not only of cattle, but also sheep, goats, yaks, water buffalo, horses, reindeer and camels.
They are especially suitable for tilling rice fields, and their milk is richer in fat and protein than that of dairy cattle.

Crop milk

pigeon milkpigeon's milkregurgitated food
A substance secreted by pigeons to feed their young is called "crop milk" and bears some resemblance to mammalian milk, although it is not consumed as a milk substitute.
Crop milk bears little physical resemblance to mammalian milk, the former being a semi-solid substance somewhat like pale yellow cottage cheese.

Saturated fat

saturated fatty acidsaturatedsaturated fats
Whole milk, butter and cream have high levels of saturated fat.
Examples of foods containing a high proportion of saturated fat include animal fat products such as cream, cheese, butter, other whole milk dairy products and fatty meats which also contain dietary cholesterol.

Glass milk bottle

milk bottlemilk bottlesbottle
In 1884, Hervey Thatcher, an American inventor from New York, invented a glass milk bottle, called "Thatcher's Common Sense Milk Jar," which was sealed with a waxed paper disk.
Glass milk bottles are glass bottles used for milk and are generally reusable and returnable.

Camel milk

camelscamel's milkmilk
Those groups who do continue to tolerate milk, however, often have exercised great creativity in using the milk of domesticated ungulates, not only of cattle, but also sheep, goats, yaks, water buffalo, horses, reindeer and camels.
Camel milk has different nutritional characteristics compared with cow milk, but the proportions of nutrients can be highly variable based on a number of factors, including type and age of camel, climate, what it eats, and milking method.