Mimasaka Province

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Mimasaka Province highlighted

Province of Japan in the part of Honshū that is today northeastern Okayama Prefecture.

- Mimasaka Province

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Okayama Prefecture

Prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu.

Map of Okayama Prefecture
Okayama City
City Light Stadium.
Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen
Bitchu Matsuyama Castle in Takahashi

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces.

Bizen Province

Province of Japan on the Inland Sea side of Honshū, in what is today the southeastern part of Okayama Prefecture.

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Bizen Province highlighted

Bizen borders Mimasaka, Harima, and Bitchū Provinces.

Miyamoto Musashi

Japanese swordsman, philosopher, strategist, writer and rōnin, who became renowned through stories of his unique double-bladed swordsmanship and undefeated record in his 61 duels (next is 33 by Itō Ittōsai).

Contemporaneous portrait of Miyamoto Musashi (Edo period)
The Miyamoto Musashi Budokan in Ōhara-chō (Mimasaka), Okayama prefecture, Japan
Sasaki Kojiro (right) engages Miyamoto Musashi on the shores of Ganryū Island.
"Seishin Chokudo" (earnest heart, straight way) monument dedicated to Miyamoto Musashi, located in Kokura. These characters were engraved by Musashi on his bokken. It stands on the place where Musashi is supposed to have lived, at the foot of the castle. The Hombu dojo of a main branch of Hyoho Niten Ichi-ryū is in Kokura and demonstrates every year in front of this monument.
Miyamoto Musashi, Self-portrait, Samurai, writer and artist, c. 1640
Miyamoto Musashi's grave in Ōhara-chō, province of Mimasaka
The grave-marker of Miyamoto Musashi, in present-day Kumamoto Prefecture (熊本県)
Miyamoto Musashi kills a shark fish (Yamazame) in the mountains across the border of Echizen Province, by Utagawa Kuniyoshi
Miyamoto Musashi in his prime, wielding two bokken; woodblock print by Utagawa Kuniyoshi
Calligraphy by Musashi
Shrike in a barren tree, by Miyamoto Musashi
Miyamoto Musashi Budokan located in Ōhara-chō, Mimasaka province where Miyamoto Musashi was born on March 12 of the Tenshō era.
Kamidana of the Heiho Niten Ichi Ryu Official School established at the inauguration of the Miyamoto Musashi dojo on March 4, 1999 in Gleizé under the aegis of the Emperor.
Jitte de l’arriere-grand-pere de Miyamoto Musashi, Hirata Sokan.jpgoto Musashi's great-grandfather's Jitte, Hirata Sôkan
家紋, Mon.jpg
Mon, 家紋.jpg
Mon de l’Empereur du Japon.jpg
Statue of Hosokawa Tadatoshi within Suizen-ji Jōju-en
Mon of the Hosokawa clan
Mon of Miyamoto Musashi born in Ōhara-chō province of Mimasaka<ref>{{Cite web|date=2018|title=Mimasaka. Musashi Miyamoto|url=https://www.memorial-heiho-niten-ichi-ryu.com/mimasaka|access-date=August 12, 2020|website=Mémorial Heiho Niten Ichi Ryu}}</ref>
Mon of Tokugawa Shogunate
Statue of Musashi & Kojiro Battle

The historian Kamiko Tadashi, commenting on Musashi's text, notes: "Munisai was Musashi's father ... he lived in Miyamoto village, in the Yoshino district [of Mimasaka Province]. Musashi was most probably born here."

Bitchū Province

Province of Japan on the Inland Sea side of western Honshū, in what is today western Okayama Prefecture.

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Bitchū Province highlighted

Bitchu bordered Hōki, Mimasaka, Bizen, and Bingo Provinces.

Mutsu Province

Old province of Japan in the area of Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate and Aomori Prefectures and the municipalities of Kazuno and Kosaka in Akita Prefecture.

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Mutsu Province highlighted
Mutsu Province from 7c. to 712
Mutsu Province 718 for several years
Mutsu Province from 1185 to 1868
Rikuō (Mutsu) Province from 1869 to 1871

712 (Wadō 5), Mutsu was separated from Dewa Province. Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan made cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was split from Bizen Province, Hyūga Province was sundered from Ōsumi Province, and Tanba Province was severed from Tango Province.

Inaba Province

Old province of Japan in the area that is today the eastern part of Tottori Prefecture.

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Inaba Province highlighted

Inaba bordered on Harima, Hōki, Mimasaka, and Tajima Provinces.

Hōki Province

Old province of Japan in the area that is today the western part of Tottori Prefecture.

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Hoki Province highlighted
Hiroshige (1797-1858):Rice field in Hoki province

Hōki bordered on Inaba, Mimasaka, Bitchū, Bingo, and Izumo Provinces.

Tsuyama Domain

Japanese domain of the Edo period.

Tsuyama Castle
Map of Japan, 1789 -- the Han system affected cartography

It was associated with Mimasaka Province in modern-day Okayama Prefecture.

Harima Province

Province of Japan in the part of Honshū that is the southwestern part of present-day Hyōgo Prefecture.

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Harima Province highlighted

Harima bordered on Tajima, Tanba, Settsu, Bizen, and Mimasaka Provinces.

Empress Genmei

The 43rd monarch of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

Wadōkaichin monument in Saitama
Daigokuden of Heijō-kyō at the time of capital move (reconstructed in 2010)
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom

713 (Wadō 6, 3rd month): Tanba Province was separated from Tango Province; Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province; and Hyūga Province was divided from Ōsumi Province.