Miners' Federation of Great Britain

Miners Federation of Great BritainMFGBMinersMiners' FederationMiner's Federationminers' unionMineworkers' Federation of Great Britainmining unionNational Union of Mineworkers
The Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB) was established after a meeting of local mining trade unions in Newport, Wales in 1888.wikipedia
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Sam Woods

Samuel Woods
Ben Pickard of the Yorkshire Miners' Association was elected president and Sam Woods of the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Federation (LCMF) its vice-president.
When this merged into the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB) in 1889, Woods became the organisation's first vice president.

Benjamin Pickard

Ben Pickard
Ben Pickard of the Yorkshire Miners' Association was elected president and Sam Woods of the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Federation (LCMF) its vice-president.
In 1877 he was assistant secretary of the Miners' National Union and was a leading player in the foundation of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, of which he was elected the first president.

Durham Miners' Association

DurhamDMADurham Area of the National Union of Mineworkers
The Northumberland Miners' Association and the Durham Miners' Association initially refused to join but did so in 1907 and 1908.
Although the union affiliated to the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB) in 1892, it was expelled the following year after refusing to join the national strike.

Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Federation

Lancashire Area of the National Union of MineworkersNorth West Area of the National Union of Mineworkersunion
Ben Pickard of the Yorkshire Miners' Association was elected president and Sam Woods of the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Federation (LCMF) its vice-president.
In 1888, the union called a national conference, which led to the formation of the Miners Federation of Great Britain (MFGB) the following year.

Enoch Edwards

Edwards, Enoch
Enoch Edwards from the Midland Counties Miners' Federation was its first treasurer and Thomas Ashton, also from the LCMF, its first secretary.
In 1880 he became president of the Midland Miners' Association; he was later president of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain in 1904.

Northumberland Miners' Association

NorthumberlandNMANorthumberland Miners
The Northumberland Miners' Association and the Durham Miners' Association initially refused to join but did so in 1907 and 1908.
It did not affiliate to the national body, the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, until 1907.

Midland Counties Miners' Federation

Midland Miners' FederationMidlandMidland Counties Federation of Miners
Enoch Edwards from the Midland Counties Miners' Federation was its first treasurer and Thomas Ashton, also from the LCMF, its first secretary.
It affiliated to the Miners' Federation of Great Britain.

National Federation of Colliery Enginemen and Boiler Firemen

National Federation of Colliery Enginemen and BoilermenNational Federation of Colliery Enginemen
It affiliated to the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB) in 1919, but disaffiliated again in 1921, believing that the MFGB's strike that year was not in its members' interests.

Nottinghamshire Miners' Association

Nottinghamshire Miners AssociationNottinghamNottinghamshire
The Nottinghamshire Miners' Association led by George Spencer broke away from the MFGB in early November after meeting local colliery owners and formed the rival Nottingham and District Miners' Industrial Union or "Spencer" union.
In 1889, the Association was a founder member of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain.

Cleveland Miners' and Quarrymen's Association

ClevelandCleveland Miners' AssociationNorth Yorkshire and Cleveland Miners' Association
Long affiliated with the Miners' National Union, in 1892 it transferred to the Miners Federation of Great Britain, becoming its only affiliate not to principally represent coal miners.

North Wales Miners' Association

North WalesDenbighshire and Flintshire Miners' FederationNorth Wales Area of the NUM
It was noted that about 6,000 of these were members of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB), and soon the whole organisation affiliated.

Forest of Dean Miners' Association

Forest of Dean
The union later joined the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, and from 1894 until 1904, it participated in the loose South Western Counties Miners’ Federation with the Bristol Miners' Association and the Somerset Miners' Association.

Thomas Ashton (trade unionist)

Thomas Ashton
Enoch Edwards from the Midland Counties Miners' Federation was its first treasurer and Thomas Ashton, also from the LCMF, its first secretary.
Ashton next worked with Ben Pickard to establish the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, and he was appointed as its first secretary.

Cumberland Miners' Association

CumberlandCumberland AreaWest Cumberland
In its early years, the union was a member of the Amalgamated Association of Miners; it later affiliated to the Miners Federation of Great Britain.

Leicestershire Miners' Association

Coalville and District Miners' AssociationLeicester
The union was affiliated to the Miners Federation of Great Britain, and in 1945 it became the Leicestershire Area of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM).

Bristol Miners' Association

From its foundation, the union was a member of the Miners Federation of Great Britain, and from 1894 until 1904, it participated in the loose South Western Counties Miners’ Federation with the Somerset Miners' Association and the Forest of Dean Miners' Association.

Triple Alliance (1914)

Triple Allianceserious industrial unrestwave of strikes
In 1914 the MFGB had joined with the National Union of Railwaymen (NUR) and the National Transport Workers' Federation (NTWF) in the Triple Alliance.
The Triple Alliance was an alliance of British trade unions: the Miners Federation of Great Britain, the National Union of Railwaymen and the National Transport Workers' Federation (an association of dockers, seamen, tramwaymen and road vehicle workers' unions).

South Wales Miners' Federation

South Wales Miners FederationSouth Wales Area of the National Union of MineworkersSouth Wales
The new union affiliated to the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB) in 1899.

Yorkshire Miners' Association

Yorkshire Miners AssociationYorkshire Area of the National Union of MineworkersYorkshire
In 1888 after colliery owners rejected a call for a pay rise from the Yorkshire Miners' Association, several conferences were organised to discuss the possibility of forming a national union.

South Derbyshire Miners' Association

South Derbyshire Amalgamated Miners' Association
In 1889, the union was a founder constituent of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain.

National coal strike of 1912

National coal strike1912 coal strike1912 stoppage
The demand led to the six-week-long National coal strike of 1912 in which more than one million miners participated.
The dispute centred upon an attempt by the Miners Federation of Great Britain, the main trade union representing coal miners, to secure a minimum wage for miners in their district and replace the complicated wage structure then in place which often made it difficult for a miner to earn a fair day's wage.

Liberal-Labour (UK)

Liberal-LabourLib-LabLiberal–Labour
Elected as Liberal-Labour candidates, they supported by the Liberal Party.
The first Lib–Lab candidates to be elected were Alexander MacDonald and Thomas Burt, both members of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB), in the 1874 general election.

George Spencer (Labour politician)

George SpencerGeorge Alfred SpencerSpencerism
The Nottinghamshire Miners' Association led by George Spencer broke away from the MFGB in early November after meeting local colliery owners and formed the rival Nottingham and District Miners' Industrial Union or "Spencer" union.
George Spencer was an official of the Nottinghamshire Miners Association, which was affiliated to the Miners Federation of Great Britain.

Black Friday (1921)

Black Fridaycoal strike of April 19211921 Coal Miners’ strike
In 1921 a decision by the NUR and NTWF not to strike in sympathy with the miners is remembered as Black Friday and signalled the end of the alliance.
In 1914, the rail and transport unions came together with the Miners' Federation of Great Britain to form the Triple Alliance.

Somerset Miners' Association

RadstockSomersetSomerset Area of the National Union of Mineworkers
The union was a founder of the Miners Federation of Great Britain in 1888, and from 1894 until 1904, it participated in the loose South Western Counties Miners’ Federation with the Bristol Miners' Association and the Forest of Dean Miners' Association.