Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia)

Ministry of Emergency SituationsEMERCOMMinister of Emergency SituationsRussian Ministry of Emergency SituationsRussian Emergency MinistryEMERCOM of RussiaDeputy Minister of Emergency Situations of RussiaEmergency Situations MinistryMChS RossiiMES Russia
Russian President Boris Yeltsin established the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Affairs for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters, also known as The Ministry of Emergency Situations, MChS, or internationally as EMERCOM (derived from "Emergency Control Ministry") on January 10, 1994.wikipedia
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Russian State Fire Service

Firefighting ServiceFire brigadeState Fire Service
On January 1, 2002, The Russian State Fire Service, the National Fire service, became part of the ministry with 278,000 firefighters, removed from the Ministry of Internal Affairs control after 84 years.
A part of the Ministry of Emergency Situations since 2001, the State Fire Service is divided into the Federal Fire Service and the Fire Service of the Federal subjects of Russia.

Sergey Shoygu

Sergei ShoiguSergey ShoiguSergei Shoygu
The first Minister in charge of EMERCOM was Sergei Shoigu.
Previously, Shoygu was Minister of Emergency Situations from 1991 to 2012, and briefly served as Governor of Moscow Oblast in 2012.

Vladimir Puchkov

On May 12, 2012, Vladimir Puchkov was appointed as the new minister, replacing Shoigu who was later appointed as Defense Minister after a brief stint as Governor of Moscow Oblast.
Vladimir Andreyevich Puchkov (born January 1, 1959, in Novinka at Volgograd Oblast) is a Russian politician who served as Minister of Emergency Situations from May 2012 to May 2018.

National Guard of Russia

National GuardRussian National GuardFederal National Guard Troops Service of the Russian Federation
Working through the office of the Prime Minister, the Ministry can ask for private, Ministry of Defence or National Guard of Russia assistance.
It was stated by some journalists that the new National Guard would be formed to ensure the security and protection of the constitutional order on the basis of Russian MVD and other security agencies; utilising personnel and resources belonging to the Russian Airborne Troops, Air Force, Navy and the military police, as well as elements of EMERCOM of Russia; the reform of security apparatus had been since the 1990s.

Security Council of Russia

Security CouncilSecurity Council of the Russian FederationRussian Security Council
President Yeltsin showed his faith in the importance of EMERCOM by designating Minister Shoigu a member of the Russian Security Council by Presidential Decree on February 1, 1994.

Government of Russia

Russian governmentGovernment of the Russian Federationgovernment
On January 10, 1994 the State committee became part of the Government of Russia and the ministry was named The Ministry for the Affairs of Civil Defence, Emergency Situations and Disaster Relief, with Sergei Shoigu as a minister.

Civil defense

civil defencecivil protectioncivil protection service
In most former Soviet countries civil defense is the responsibility of governmental ministries, such as Russia's Ministry of Emergency Situations.

Dmitry Medvedev's First Cabinet

Dmitry Medvedev's CabinetDmitry MedvedevMedvedev I
In May 2012 he was appointed as Minister.
Under the Constitution of Russia the Russian President submits nominations to parliament for the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs, Head of EMERCOM and Minister of Defense, and Head of MVD.

1988 Armenian earthquake

Spitak earthquake1988 earthquake1988 Spitak earthquake
In the aftermath of the events of the 1988 Armenian earthquake and the Chernobyl disaster, on July 17, 1990 a directive decision of the Presidium of The Supreme Council of Russian Socialist Soviet Republic led to the formation of the Russian Rescue Corps, which eventually was formed by the Soviet Government on December 27, 1990.

Beriev Be-200

Be-200Beriev Be-200 AltairBe-200 Altair
This aircraft was built as a Be-200ES, being fitted to the specifications of the launch customer, EMERCOM, the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations.

Ilyushin Il-62

Ilyushin Il-62MIl-62Il-62M
An airborne command Il-62M (RA-86570) was customised for the emergency response agency EMERCOM to provide evacuation transport for Russian citizens from foreign countries and act as airborne command post for these and other emergency situations.

Zhukovsky International Airport

Ramenskoye AirportZhukovsky AirfieldZhukovsky
It was also used by the Ministry of Emergency Situations and cargo carriers.

Boris Yeltsin

YeltsinPresident YeltsinBoris Nikolayevich Yeltsin
Russian President Boris Yeltsin established the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Affairs for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters, also known as The Ministry of Emergency Situations, MChS, or internationally as EMERCOM (derived from "Emergency Control Ministry") on January 10, 1994.

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

Russian SFSRRSFSRSoviet Russia
One school of thought traces the origins of the agency to December 27, 1990, when the RSFSR established the Russian Rescue Corps and assigned it the mission of rapid response in the case of emergencies.

Tsar

CzarRussian TsarTsars
The history of civil defence services in Russia traces to the years of Muscovy rule and the 1649 "Direction on Municipal rescue" decree of Tsar Alexis of Russia which officially raised the Moscow Municipal Fire Service, the first active fire department in Russia.

Alexis of Russia

Tsar AlexisAlexei MikhailovichAlexis I
The history of civil defence services in Russia traces to the years of Muscovy rule and the 1649 "Direction on Municipal rescue" decree of Tsar Alexis of Russia which officially raised the Moscow Municipal Fire Service, the first active fire department in Russia.

Peter the Great

Peter IPeter I of RussiaPeter I the Great
When Peter the Great was Tsar, Saint Petersburg was given its own fire department modeled on Western practices of the time.

Alexander II of Russia

Alexander IITsar Alexander IIEmperor Alexander II
By 1863 it was transformed, by orders of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, as the first ever professional fire service in Russia and Eastern Europe.

Soviet Air Defence Forces

Soviet Air Defense ForcesPVORussian Air Defense Forces
Starting in 1932 civil defense matters were performed by the Local Air Defense Units (Местная противовоздушная оборона PBO-C, Mestnaya protivovozdushnaya oborona PVO-S) under the nascent Soviet Air Defense Forces, which were transferred to the NKVD in 1940 (and served with distinction, together with the NKVD Fire Services Command founded in 1918, in the Great Patriotic War).

NKVD

Soviet intelligencePeople's Commissariat for Internal AffairsSoviet secret police
Starting in 1932 civil defense matters were performed by the Local Air Defense Units (Местная противовоздушная оборона PBO-C, Mestnaya protivovozdushnaya oborona PVO-S) under the nascent Soviet Air Defense Forces, which were transferred to the NKVD in 1940 (and served with distinction, together with the NKVD Fire Services Command founded in 1918, in the Great Patriotic War).