Map of Minnesota Territory 1849–1858
Settlers escaping the Dakota War of 1862
Phelps Mill in Otter Tail County
Scalable map of Minnesota, showing roads and major bodies of water
Tilted beds of the Middle Precambrian Thomson Formation in Jay Cooke State Park
Palisade Head on Lake Superior was formed from a Precambrian rhyolitic lava flow.
Köppen climate types of Minnesota
Pose Lake in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness
National Farmers Bank in Owatonna by Louis Sullivan
Minnesota's population distribution
The French Renaissance style Cathedral of St. Paul in the city of St. Paul
The IDS Tower, designed by Philip Johnson, is the state's tallest building, reflecting César Pelli's Art Deco-style Wells Fargo Center.
The Minneapolis Institute of Art's Neoclassical north facade, designed by McKim, Mead, and White
Sculpture of St. Urho in Menahga, Minnesota, in 2020
First Avenue nightclub, the heart of Minnesota's music community
A youth fiddle performance at the Minnesota State Fair
The Mayo Clinic in Rochester
The Richardsonian Romanesque Pillsbury Hall (1889) is one of the oldest buildings on the University of Minnesota Minneapolis campus.
The Aerial Lift Bridge at Duluth
Two Metro Green Line trains on the University of Minnesota–Twin Cities campus
The historical coat of arms of Minnesota in 1876
Governor Tim Walz
The Minnesota State Capitol in Saint Paul, designed by Cass Gilbert
KSTP studios
The University of North Dakota and St. Cloud State University during the WCHA Final Five at the Xcel Energy Center
Fishing on Bde Maka Ska in Minneapolis
An old sauna cabin of Listening Point on the shores of Burntside Lake in Morse Township, Minnesota

State in the upper Midwestern United States.

- Minnesota

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Dakota people

The Dakota (pronounced, Dakota language: Dakȟóta/Dakhóta) are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government in North America.

Zitkala-Sa (1876–1938), Yankton author, photographed by Joseph Keiley

The four bands of Eastern Dakota are the Bdewákaŋthuŋwaŋ, Waȟpéthuŋwaŋ, Waȟpékhute, and Sisíthuŋwaŋ and are sometimes referred to as the Santee (Isáŋyathi or Isáŋ-athi; "knife" + "encampment", "dwells at the place of knife flint"), who reside in the eastern Dakotas, central Minnesota and northern Iowa.

Minnesota Territory

Location of Minnesota Territory within the U.S. including U.S. state boundaries
The nine original counties of the Minnesota Territory extended into what became North Dakota and South Dakota (left)
Minnesota Territory Centennial stamp, issued in 1949 in recognition of Minnesota's unique Métis oxcart traders.

The Territory of Minnesota was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1849, until May 11, 1858, when the eastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Minnesota.


Prairies are ecosystems considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and a composition of grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type.

Tallgrass prairie flora (Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie)
Prairie grasses
Wheatfield intersection in the Southern Saskatchewan prairies, Canada.
Prairie Homestead, Milepost 213 on I-29, South Dakota (May 2010).
Sawgrass prairie in Everglades
Expansive fertile soil are good habitats for Prairie dogs.
View of sand dunes and vegetation at Fossil Lake, with the Christmas Valley Sand Dunes Feb. 21, 2017.

In the U.S., the area is constituted by most or all of the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma, and sizable parts of the states of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Missouri, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, and western and southern Minnesota.

Upper Midwest

Region in the northern portion of the U.S. Census Bureau's Midwestern United States.

Map of the USA with the Upper Midwest highlighted (as defined by the National Weather Service)
Upper Midwest Köppen climate classification (excluding Iowa)

Although the exact boundaries are not uniformly agreed-upon, the region is defined as referring to the states of Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin; some definitions include North Dakota and South Dakota as well.

Minnesota River

The Towboat J.L. Fleming brings empty grain barges into Port Cargill on the Minnesota River, a tributary of the Mississippi River.
The Minnesota River Valley and tributaries as seen from the air at Redwood Falls, Minnesota. The river occupies only a small portion of the wide valley carved by the Glacial River Warren.
View of the Minnesota River from Memorial Park; southeast of Granite Falls, MN.

The Minnesota River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 332 miles (534 km) long, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

Forested ecoregion in eastern North America.

A dirt road in the North Woods forest.
Laurentian Mixed Forest (green) in the north-central U.S.
Sunset on a northern Minnesota lake.
1990 USDA Hardiness zone map detail for the northeast US. Zone 3a is light orange, zone 4b is light lavender.

In the United States, it consists of a broad region of northern Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan (Northern Michigan and the Upper Peninsula) and the forested areas of the North Country (New York) and New England.

Louisiana Purchase

The acquisition of the territory of Louisiana by the United States from the French First Republic in 1803.

Modern map of the United States overlapped with territory bought in the Louisiana Purchase (in white)
1804 map of "Louisiana", bounded on the west by the Rocky Mountains
The future president James Monroe as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to France helped Robert R. Livingston in negotiating the Louisiana Purchase
The original treaty of the Louisiana Purchase
Transfer of Louisiana by Ford P. Kaiser for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904)
Issue of 1953, commemorating the 150th Anniversary of signing
Flag raising in the Place d'Armes of New Orleans, marking the transfer of sovereignty over French Louisiana to the United States, December 20, 1803, as depicted by Thure de Thulstrup
The Purchase was one of several territorial additions to the U.S.
Plan of Fort Madison, built in 1808 to establish U.S. control over the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase, drawn 1810
Louisiana Purchase territory shown as American Indian land in Gratiot's map of the defences of the western & north-western frontier, 1837.
Share issued by Hope & Co. in 1804 to finance the Louisiana Purchase.

The purchase included land from fifteen present U.S. states and two Canadian provinces, including the entirety of Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska; large portions of North Dakota and South Dakota; the area of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; the portion of Minnesota west of the Mississippi River; the northeastern section of New Mexico; northern portions of Texas; New Orleans and the portions of the present state of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River; and small portions of land within Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Red River Valley

Region in central North America that is drained by the Red River of the North; it is part of both Canada and the United States.

Red River drainage basin

Forming the border between Minnesota and North Dakota when these territories were admitted as states in the United States, this fertile valley has been important to the economies of these states and to Manitoba, Canada.

Duluth, Minnesota

Ojibwe women on the St. Louis River, date unknown
Ojibwe camp and white visitors on Minnesota Point, 19th century
Minnesota Point from the hill above Duluth in 1875
Statue of Jay Cooke by Henry Shrady, located in Jay Cooke Plaza
Superior Street, Circa 1900
Chester Terrace, built in 1890
Duluth Ore Docks and freighters circa 1900–1915
Aerial Bridge ca. 1920, as a ferry bridge before conversion to a vertical lift bridge
Canal Park Lakewalk carriage ride
First Avenue East viewed from the Lakewalk in Canal Park
View from International Space Station, 2017. Duluth and Lake Superior coast are visible at far left
Anorthosite xenolith in Duluth, part of the Duluth Complex
Lake Superior agate, found on the shores of Lake Superior in Duluth
Late-winter blizzard, March 2007
SS Middletown beneath Duluth's aerial lift bridge
The Benoist XIV (Lark of Duluth) on Lake Erie in 1914
Historic Old Central High School
Duluth Canal Park Lakewalk
Great Lakes Aquarium with lift bridge in background
Duluth Depot
Copper brew kettle installed in 1901, at the Fitger Brewery Museum
Glensheen Mansion
Enger Tower
Lester River, one of 28 rivers and streams that run through Duluth
Duluth Rose Garden in Leif Erikson Park, with lake freighter passing
Al Franken and Wesley Ngetich Kimutai in the 2007 Grandma's Marathon
2017 John Beargrease Dogsled Marathon
Spirit Mountain aerial photograph
Sailboat in Duluth harbor
The Gerald W. Heaney Federal Building-Courthouse and Custom House near the Saint Louis County Courthouse, 1930
Tower Hall at The College of St. Scholastica
Weber Music Hall at the University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth Transit Authority bus
MV Apollon, registered in Greece
Duluth's Lakewood Pumphouse, built in 1896 and pictured in 1915, is still in use today
Number 4 Duluth pack
Exterior view of Lake View Store building (c. 1916)
Cirrus Airframe Parachute System deployment (1998)

Duluth is a port city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the county seat of St. Louis County.

Minneapolis–Saint Paul

St. Croix River, Stillwater
St. Paul, showing barges on the Mississippi River, the Capitol dome, and Minneapolis's skyline in the far background (right of St. Paul). In the lower right is a typical nineteenth century home. Taken from Indian Mounds Park.
Lock and Dam No. 1, Mississippi River just upstream of the Minnesota River
Bald eagle in Burnsville
August swimming at Quarry Park and Nature Preserve, Waite Park near St. Cloud
Viewing the Saint Paul Winter Carnival parade in January.
Guthrie Theater on the Mississippi River in Minneapolis
A Saint Paul Bouncing Team aerialist exhibition in St. Paul
The 1905 Minneapolis Millers baseball team
Over 3,700 fans attend the opening bout of the 2007 Minnesota RollerGirls season
KARE television broadcast, Minnesota State Fair
WCCO-TV building Minneapolis
Minnesota Public Radio in St. Paul
Guardian Angels Catholic Church in Chaska
The tallest buildings in Minneapolis are, left to right, the IDS Center, Capella Tower and the Wells Fargo Center.
Walker Art Center on Hennepin Avenue in Minneapolis
The Mendota Bridge over the Minnesota River between Fort Snelling and Mendota
Metro Transit storefront, Minneapolis
Bicycle rack on the METRO Blue Line LRT

Minneapolis–Saint Paul is a metropolitan area centered around the confluence of the Mississippi, Minnesota and St. Croix rivers in the U.S. state of Minnesota.