Minsk

Minsk, BelarusStaykiMińskMenskMienskMińsk Lit.capitalCity of MinskMinsk, USSRMińsk Litewski
Minsk (Мінск, traditionally Менск, ; Минск, Mińsk) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislač and the Nyamiha Rivers.wikipedia
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Belarus

BLRRepublic of BelarusBelorussia
Minsk (Мінск, traditionally Менск, ; Минск, Mińsk) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislač and the Nyamiha Rivers. Minsk is located on the southeastern slope of the Minsk Hills, a region of rolling hills running from the southwest (upper reaches of the river Nioman) to the northeast – that is, to Lukomskaye Lake in northwestern Belarus.
Its capital and most populous city is Minsk.

Minsk Region

Minsk OblastMinsk VoblastMinsk
As the capital, Minsk has a special administrative status in Belarus and is the administrative centre of Minsk Region (voblasć) and Minsk District (rajon).
Its administrative center is Minsk, although it is a separate administrative territorial entity of Belarus.

2019 European Games

2019 MinskEuropean Games2019 edition
In June 2019, Minsk hosted the 2019 European Games.
The 2nd European Games 2019 (II Еўрапейскія гульні, Yewrapyeyskiya hul’ni 2019; II Европейские игры, Yevropeyskiye igry 2019) was held in Minsk, Belarus, from 21 June to 30 June 2019.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
From 1919 to 1991, after the Russian Revolution, Minsk was the capital of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, in the Soviet Union.
Other major urban centers were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk.

Nyamiha River

Niamiha RiverNemiga RiverNiamiha
Minsk (Мінск, traditionally Менск, ; Минск, Mińsk) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislač and the Nyamiha Rivers.
The Nyamiha (Няміга, ; Немига, Nemiga, ) is a river in Minsk.

Minsk Voivodeship

MinskVoivode of MińskMińsk Voivodeship
From 1569, it was a capital of the Minsk Voivodeship, in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Centred on the city of Minsk and subordinate to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the region continued the traditions – and shared the borders – of several previously existing units of administrative division, notably a separate Duchy of Minsk, annexed by Lithuania in the 13th century.

Mińsk Mazowiecki

Minsk MazowieckiMińskMińsk Maz.
When Belarus was under Polish rule, the names Mińsk Litewski 'Minsk of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania' and Mińsk Białoruski 'Minsk in Belarus' were used to differentiate this place name from Mińsk Mazowiecki 'Minsk in Masovia'.
The postnominal adjective ' Mazowiecki' shows the historical connection to Mazovia and distinguishes Mińsk Mazowiecki from the Belarusian capital of Minsk.

Minsk District

Minsk RaionMinskRaybichi
As the capital, Minsk has a special administrative status in Belarus and is the administrative centre of Minsk Region (voblasć) and Minsk District (rajon).
The administrative seat is the city of Minsk, administratively separated from the raion.

Principality of Minsk

MinskDuchy of MinskPrince of Minsk
The Principality of Minsk was established by one of the Polotsk dynasty princes.
The Principality of Minsk was an appanage principality of the Duchy of Polotsk and centered on the city of Minsk (today in Belarus).

Principality of Polotsk

PolotskDuchy of PolotskDuchy of Polatsk
The earliest historical references to Minsk date to the 11th century (1067), when it was noted as a provincial city within the Principality of Polotsk.
At the time of its greatest extent, the principality stretched over large parts of today's northern and central Belarus and a smaller part of today's southeastern Latvia, including (besides Polotsk itself) the following towns: Vitebsk, Drutsk, Minsk, Izjaslaw (now Zaslawye), Lahojsk, Barysaw, Brachyslaw (now Braslaw), Kukeinos (now Koknese) and others.

Battle on the Nemiga River

Battle on the river Nemigabloody battle
Minsk was first mentioned in the name form Měneskъ in the Primary Chronicle for the year 1067 in association with the Battle on the River Nemiga.
The description of the battle is the first reference to Minsk in the chronicles of Belarusian history.

Operation Minsk

captured MinskMinskMinsk in August 1919
In January 1919 Minsk was proclaimed the capital of the Belorussian SSR, though later in 1919 (see Operation Minsk) and again in 1920, the city was controlled by the Second Polish Republic during the course of the Polish-Bolshevik War between 8 August 1919 and 11 July 1920 and again between 14 October 1920 and 19 March 1921.
Operation Mińsk was a military offensive of the Polish Army resulting in the recapture of Minsk from the Bolsheviks around August 8, 1919.

Belarusian People's Republic

Belarusian Democratic RepublicBelarusBelarusian National Republic
On 25 March 1918, Minsk was proclaimed the capital of the Belarusian People's Republic.
The BNR was declared on March 9, 1918, in Minsk by the members of the Executive Committee of the First All-Belarusian Congress, and two weeks later, on March 25, 1918, it proclaimed independence.

List of European cities by population within city limits

Largest cities in Europelargest cityList of cities in Europe by population within city limits
The population in January 2018 was 1,982,444, (not including suburbs) making Minsk the 11th most populous city in Europe.

1st Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

first congress1stFirst Congress of the RSDLP
The 1st Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, the forerunner to the Bolsheviks and eventually the CPSU, was held there in 1898.
The 1st Congress of the RSDLP (Russian: Российская социал-демократическая рабочая партия, РСДРП) was held between 13 March – 15 March (1 March–3 March O.S.) 1898 in Minsk, Russian Empire (now Belarus) in secrecy.

Vilnius

VilnaWilnoVilnius, Lithuania
It was also one of the major centres of the Belarusian national revival, alongside Vilnia.
The Soviets repressed the local population and devastated city, moving values and factories to the USSR territory, including the major Polish radio factory Elektrit, along with a part of its labour force, to Minsk in Belarus SSR.

Operation Bagration

BagrationBelorussian OffensiveOperation ''Bagration
Minsk was recaptured by Soviet troops on 3 July 1944, during Operation Bagration.
The Red Army exploited the collapse of the German front line to encircle German formations in the vicinity of Minsk in the Minsk Offensive and destroy them, with Minsk liberated on 4 July.

Minsk Governorate

MinskMinsk Provincegovernment
In 1796, it became the centre of the Minsk Governorate.
The seat was in Minsk.

Minsk Metro

subwayMinskMetro
Construction of Minsk Metro began on 16 June 1977, and the system was opened to the public on 30 June 1984, becoming the ninth metro system in the Soviet Union.
The Minsk Metro is a rapid transit system that serves Minsk, the capital of Belarus.

Neman

Neman RiverNemunas RiverNemunas
Minsk is located on the southeastern slope of the Minsk Hills, a region of rolling hills running from the southwest (upper reaches of the river Nioman) to the northeast – that is, to Lukomskaye Lake in northwestern Belarus.
It begins at the confluence of two smaller tributaries (Latitude 53.348194° N, Longitude 27.108377° E), about 15 km southwest of the town of Uzda in central Belarus, and about 55 km southwest of Minsk.

MKAD (Minsk)

MKADMinsk Automobile Ring RoadM9
Metro lines have been extended, and the road system (including the Minsk BeltWay) has been improved.
MKAD is the name of the beltway that goes around Minsk, Belarus.

Western Front (Soviet Union)

Western FrontSoviet Western FrontWestern
Minsk became the headquarters of the Western Front of the Russian army and also housed military hospitals and military supply bases.
Among forces of Frontal designation were the 2nd Rifle Corps (100th, 161st Rifle Divisions), 21st Rifle Corps (17th, 24th, 37th Rifle Division), 44th Rifle Corps (64th, 108th Rifle Divisions), 47th Rifle Corps (55th, 121st, 143rd Rifle Divisions), 50th Rifle Division, 4th Airborne Corps (7th, 8th, 214th Airborne Brigades) commanded by Aleksei Semenovich Zhadov at Minsk, and the 58th (Sebezh), 61st (Polotsk), 63rd (Minsk-Slutsky), 64th (Zambrow) and 65th (Mozyr) Fortified Regions.

French invasion of Russia

Russian campaignNapoleon's invasion of RussiaPatriotic War of 1812
It was briefly occupied by the Grande Armée during French invasion of Russia in 1812.
After the invasion began, large magazines were constructed at Vilnius, Kaunas and Minsk with the Vilnius base having rations sufficient to feed 100,000 men for 40 days.

Zavodski District

Zavodski
Sometimes the maximum normative concentration of formaldehyde and ammonia in air is exceeded in Zavodski District.
Zavodski District is an administrative subdivision of the city of Minsk, Belarus.

Partyzanski District

Partyzanski
Zavodski, Partyzanski and Leninski districts, which are situated in the southeastern part of Minsk, are the most polluted areas in the city.
Partyzanski District is an administrative subdivision of the city of Minsk, Belarus.