Mir, Belarus

MirMir in modern-day BelarusMir, Russia
Mir (Мір; Мир; both meaning "world" and "peace"; but the name most likely originates from the name of the river the settlement is situated on) is a town in the Karelichy District of Grodno Region, Belarus on the banks of Miranka River, about 85 kilometers southwest of the national capital, Minsk.wikipedia
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Mir Castle Complex

Mir Castlea late medieval castlecastle of Mir
It is home to a late medieval castle, which made the town the target of many attacks over the centuries.
It is in the town of Mir, in the Kareličy District of the Hrodna voblast, at 53.45124°N, 26.473°W, 29 km north-west of another World Heritage site, Niasviž Castle.

Urban-type settlements in Belarus

townurban settlementurban-type settlement
Mir (Мір; Мир; both meaning "world" and "peace"; but the name most likely originates from the name of the river the settlement is situated on) is a town in the Karelichy District of Grodno Region, Belarus on the banks of Miranka River, about 85 kilometers southwest of the national capital, Minsk.

Battle of Mir (1792)

Battle of Mir
In 1792, the Lithuanian division of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army under Józef Judycki was routed by the invading Imperial Russian army corps under Boris Mellin (see Battle of Mir).
It took place in the town of Mir, which is now part of Belarus on June 11, 1792.

Radziwiłł family

RadziwiłłRadziwillHouse of Radziwiłł
The town belonged to the Illinič family (Korczak coat of arms) first and then to the Radziwiłł family.
In present-day Belarus they possessed towns and boroughs like Haranyony, Davyd-Haradok, Kletsk, Dzyarzhynsk, Kopys, Dakhva, Mir, Nesvizh, Charnauchitsy, and Shchuchyn; in present-day Ukraine: Olyka with dozens of villages in the Wolyn province (Polish: wojewodztwo); in present-day Poland: Szydłowiec with villages in the Sandomierz province and Nieborów; and in present-day Lithuania: Biržai, Dubingiai, Kėdainiai, and others.

Battle of Mir (1812)

Mir
During the Napoleonic invasion of Russia in 1812, Russian Imperial cavalry, artillery and cossack regiments ambushed and defeated the Duchy of Warsaw 3 uhlan divisions (Battle of Mir (1812)).
Russian general Matvei Platov had eight Cossack regiments and two Don batteries deployed south of the village of Mir, when one brigade of the Polish Fourth Light Cavalry attacked his advance posts, numbering about 100 men.

Mir Yeshiva (Jerusalem)

Mir YeshivaMirYeshivas Mir
(Current incarnations of the yeshiva are located in Brooklyn, New York, Jerusalem and Modi'in Illit.)
The yeshiva was founded in the small Russian town of Mir, Belarus in 1814, 1815 or 1817 by Rabbi Shmuel Tiktinsky.

Zalman Shazar

Zalman Shazar (Rubashov)Zalman Shazar Center
*Zalman Shazar (1889–1974), Israeli author, poet, and third President of Israel from 1963 to 1973
Shneur Zalman Rubashov was born to a Hasidic family of the Chabad-Lubavitch denomination in Mir, near Minsk, in the Russian Empire (today in Hrodna Voblast, Belarus), and received a religious education as a youth.

Mir Yeshiva (Belarus)

Mir yeshivaMirMirrer Yeshiva
Mir's claim to fame in Jewish Diaspora history is that it was the original home of the Mir yeshiva which operated there intermittently from 1815 until the fall of Poland in 1939, when the invading communist Soviet Red Army and security forces pressured the school to close and relocate to then still free Lithuania.
The Mir Yeshiva (ישיבת מיר, Yeshivas Mir), commonly known as the Mirrer Yeshiva or The Mir, was a Lithuanian yeshiva located in the town of Mir, Russian Empire (now Belarus).

Mir Yeshiva (Brooklyn)

Mir YeshivaMirrer YeshivaMir Yeshiva in Brooklyn
(Current incarnations of the yeshiva are located in Brooklyn, New York, Jerusalem and Modi'in Illit.)
The original Mirrer Yeshiva was founded in 1815, in Mir, Belarus, and remained in operation there until 1914.

Isser Zalman Meltzer

Even HaEzel
Rabbi Meltzer was born on 5 Adar 5630 in the city of Mir, in the Minsk Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Republic of Belarus) to Rabbi Baruch Peretz

St. Nicholas' Church, Mir

Saint Nicolas' Church, Mir
Saint Nicolas' Roman Catholic Church in Mir, Belarus, is a Renaissance church commissioned by Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł.

Karelichy District

Karelichy RaionKareličyKruplyany
Mir (Мір; Мир; both meaning "world" and "peace"; but the name most likely originates from the name of the river the settlement is situated on) is a town in the Karelichy District of Grodno Region, Belarus on the banks of Miranka River, about 85 kilometers southwest of the national capital, Minsk.

Grodno Region

Hrodna VoblastGrodno OblastGrodno
Mir (Мір; Мир; both meaning "world" and "peace"; but the name most likely originates from the name of the river the settlement is situated on) is a town in the Karelichy District of Grodno Region, Belarus on the banks of Miranka River, about 85 kilometers southwest of the national capital, Minsk.

Belarus

BLRRepublic of BelarusBelorussia
Mir (Мір; Мир; both meaning "world" and "peace"; but the name most likely originates from the name of the river the settlement is situated on) is a town in the Karelichy District of Grodno Region, Belarus on the banks of Miranka River, about 85 kilometers southwest of the national capital, Minsk.

Minsk

Minsk, BelarusStaykiMińsk
Mir (Мір; Мир; both meaning "world" and "peace"; but the name most likely originates from the name of the river the settlement is situated on) is a town in the Karelichy District of Grodno Region, Belarus on the banks of Miranka River, about 85 kilometers southwest of the national capital, Minsk.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
Mir's claim to fame in Jewish Diaspora history is that it was the original home of the Mir yeshiva which operated there intermittently from 1815 until the fall of Poland in 1939, when the invading communist Soviet Red Army and security forces pressured the school to close and relocate to then still free Lithuania. Prior to 1939 the town was in Poland.

Korczak coat of arms

KorczakClan KorczakKorczak clan
The town belonged to the Illinič family (Korczak coat of arms) first and then to the Radziwiłł family.

Deluge (history)

The DelugeDelugeSwedish invasion of Poland
It was destroyed by the Swedish forces in 1655 (Deluge) and again by the Swedes during the Great Northern War in 1706.

Great Northern War

Great Nordic WarNorthern WarThe Great Northern War
It was destroyed by the Swedish forces in 1655 (Deluge) and again by the Swedes during the Great Northern War in 1706.

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Polish-Lithuanian CommonwealthPolandPolish
In 1792, the Lithuanian division of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army under Józef Judycki was routed by the invading Imperial Russian army corps under Boris Mellin (see Battle of Mir).

Józef Judycki

In 1792, the Lithuanian division of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army under Józef Judycki was routed by the invading Imperial Russian army corps under Boris Mellin (see Battle of Mir).

Duchy of Warsaw

Grand Duchy of WarsawPolishPoland
During the Napoleonic invasion of Russia in 1812, Russian Imperial cavalry, artillery and cossack regiments ambushed and defeated the Duchy of Warsaw 3 uhlan divisions (Battle of Mir (1812)).

Uhlan

UhlansPolish Lancersulan
During the Napoleonic invasion of Russia in 1812, Russian Imperial cavalry, artillery and cossack regiments ambushed and defeated the Duchy of Warsaw 3 uhlan divisions (Battle of Mir (1812)).

Principality of Polotsk

PolotskDuchy of PolotskDuchy of Polatsk
During the Middle Ages it was first located in the Principality of Polotsk, after the Battle on the river Nemiga in the Principality of Minsk, then was taken over by Kievan Rus' but after the Mongol Invasion the Rus' rule diminished and since 1242 Mir belonged to the expanding and dynamic Duchy of Lithuania.