Mirroring (psychology)

mirroringmirrormirroredmirror his actionsMirroring in psychology
Mirroring is the behaviour in which one person unconsciously imitates the gesture, speech pattern, or attitude of another.wikipedia
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Imitation

imitateimitatingmimic
Mirroring is distinct from conscious imitation under the premise that while the latter is a conscious, typically overt effort to copy another person, mirroring is unconsciously done during the act and often goes unnoticed.
The term generally refers to conscious behavior; subconscious imitation is termed mirroring.

Rapport

connectionRapport (NLP)
The concept often affects other individuals' notions about the individual that is exhibiting mirroring behaviors, which can lead to the individual building rapport with others.

Mirror neuron

mirror neuronsmirror neuron systemMirror motor neurons
The activation of mirror neurons takes place within the individual who begins to mirror another's movements, and allows them a greater connection and understanding with the individual who they are mirroring, as well as allowing the individual who is being mirrored to feel a stronger connection with the other individual.

Self psychology

self-psychologyempathic failuresSelf psychologist
According to Kohut's theories of self-psychology, individuals need a sense of validation and belonging in order to establish their concepts of self.
Essential to understanding self psychology are the concepts of empathy, selfobject, mirroring, idealising, alter ego/twinship and the tripolar self.

Heinz Kohut

Kohut
According to Kohut's theories of self-psychology, individuals need a sense of validation and belonging in order to establish their concepts of self.
They also need to have their self-worth reflected back ("mirrored" Note : This term isn't a synonym of "mirroring") by empathic and caregiving others.

Gesture

gesturesgesturalgesticulation
Mirroring is the behaviour in which one person unconsciously imitates the gesture, speech pattern, or attitude of another.

Conversation

discussionbanteraddressee
Mirroring is common in conversation, as the listeners will typically smile or frown along with the speaker, as well as imitate body posture or attitude about the topic.

Smile

smilingDuchenne smileSmiles
Mirroring is common in conversation, as the listeners will typically smile or frown along with the speaker, as well as imitate body posture or attitude about the topic.

Frown

frowningscowldown-turned mouth
Mirroring is common in conversation, as the listeners will typically smile or frown along with the speaker, as well as imitate body posture or attitude about the topic.

Autism

autisticautistic disorderautistic children
Individuals with autism or other social difficulties may be less likely to exhibit mirroring, as they may be less unconsciously and consciously aware of the actions of others.

Inferior parietal lobule

inferior parietal cortexinferiorinferior parietal
The use of noninvasive fMRI studies have shown that there is evidence of mirroring in humans similar to that found in monkeys in the inferior parietal lobe and part of the inferior frontal gyrus.

Inferior frontal gyrus

pars opercularisinferior frontalinferior frontal cortex
The use of noninvasive fMRI studies have shown that there is evidence of mirroring in humans similar to that found in monkeys in the inferior parietal lobe and part of the inferior frontal gyrus.

Cerebellum

cerebellarcerebellar cortexcerebellar nuclei
Humans show additional signs of mirroring in parts of the brain not observed to show mirroring properties in primates, such as the cerebellum.

Neurotypical

allisticneuroatypicalclinically unimpaired
Mirroring has also been shown to allow neurotypical children to understand what the intentions of an action are before seeing the entire sequence.

Bargaining

hagglingbargainhaggle
This mechanism may be helpful for individuals in situations where they are in a position of bargaining with an individual who possesses more power, as the rapport that mirroring creates may help to persuade the higher status individual to help the person of lower status.

Job interview

interviewinterviewsjob interviews
These situations include job interviews, other work situations such as requesting promotions, parent-child interactions, and asking professors for favors.

Persuasion

persuasivepersuadepersuaded
Thus, mirroring can be a useful tool for individuals of lower status in order to persuade the other party to provide goods or privileges for the lower status party.

Turnin Me On

Turnin' Me On
The scenes are intercut with mirror scenes with younger kids.

Kindness

kindheartpersonable
There are similar studies about the root of empathy in infancy - motor mirroring developing in the early months of life, to lead (optimally) to the easy concern shown by children for their peers in distress.

Psychodrama

psychodramaticPsycho-drama
This is done using specific techniques, including mirroring, doubling, soliloquy, and role reversal.

How to Be a Psychic Spy

A segment entitled "The Mirror Man" is shown, in which Brown influences a member of the public to subconsciously mirror his actions and steal a television from an electronics shop on Tottenham Court Road, supposedly in the same manner used during the Cold War on "sleeper agents".

Heimler method of Human Social Functioning

Eugene Heimler
Traditionally those wishing to use the HSSF have had to complete the full Human Social Functioning methodology with its disciplined structured mirroring approach as well as the administration of the HSSF.

Narcissistic parent

narcissistic parentsnarcissistic fathertheir children
A parent concerned with self-enhancement, or with being mirrored and admired by their child, may leave the child feeling like a puppet to their parent's emotional/intellectual demands.

Idealist temperament

HealerIdealistChampion
Teachers often mirror the beliefs, characteristics, and emotions of those they interact with to generate rapport.