Miscegenation

interracialadmixtureamalgamationinterracial relationshipracial mixinginterracial relationshipsrace mixingintermarriageracial admixturemixedblood
Miscegenation is a term given to the mixing of different racial groups through marriage, cohabitation, sexual relations, or procreation, particularly mixing that is perceived to negatively impact the purity of a particular race or culture.wikipedia
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Interracial marriage

intermarriageinterracial datinginterracial
Miscegenation is a term given to the mixing of different racial groups through marriage, cohabitation, sexual relations, or procreation, particularly mixing that is perceived to negatively impact the purity of a particular race or culture.
In the past, such marriages were outlawed in the United States, Nazi Germany and Apartheid South Africa as miscegenation.

Casta

castascasta paintingscaste
(Portuguese also uses miscigenação, derived from the same Latin root as the English word.) These non-English terms for "race-mixing" are not considered as offensive as "miscegenation", although they have historically been tied to the caste system (casta) that was established during the colonial era in Spanish-speaking Latin America.
A casta is a term which has been interpreted by certain historians during the 20th century to describe mixed-race individuals in Spanish America, resulting from unions of Spaniards (españoles), Amerindians (Indios), and Africans (Negros).

Mestizo

Mestizosmestizamestizaje
In Spanish America, the term mestizaje, derived from Mestizo—the blending of European whites and Indigenous peoples of the Americas, is used for racial mixing.
The term mestizaje – taking as its root mestizo or mixed – is the modern Spanish word coined in the twentieth century for race mixture or miscegenation, the general process of mixing ancestries.

Racial segregation

segregationsegregatedsegregationist
The term miscegenation entered the English language in the 19th century as racial segregation began to become more formalized in the United States.
Only areas with extensive miscegenation, or mixing, such as Hawaii and Brazil, despite some social stratification, seem to be exempt.

Anti-miscegenation laws

mixed marriageanti-miscegenationmixed marriages
The term came to be associated with laws banning interracial marriage and sex, known as anti-miscegenation laws.
In the United States, interracial marriage, cohabitation and sex have been termed "miscegenation" since the term was coined in 1863.

Rassenschande

racial defilementrace defilementblood defilement
Violation of this was condemned as Rassenschande (lit.
Rassenschande (, "race disgrace") or Blutschande ( "blood disgrace") was an anti-miscegenation concept in Nazi German racial policy, pertaining to sexual relations between Aryans and non-Aryans.

Melting pot

melting-potcommon or universal cultureThe Melting Pot
A contemporary usage of this metaphor was that of Ralph Waldo Emerson's private vision in 1845 of America as an ethnic and racial smelting-pot, a variation on the concept of the melting pot.
The mixing of whites and blacks, resulting in multiracial children, for which the term "miscegenation" was coined in 1863, was a taboo, and most whites opposed marriages between whites and blacks.

Apartheid

South Africa under apartheidapartheid in South Africaapartheid South Africa
Laws banning "race-mixing" were enforced in certain U.S. states from 1691 until 1967 (though still on the books in some states until 2000), in Nazi Germany (the Nuremberg Laws) from 1935 until 1945, and in South Africa during the Apartheid era (1949–1985).
The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act of 1949 prohibited marriage between persons of different races, and the Immorality Act of 1950 made sexual relations with a person of a different race a criminal offence.

A Sojourn in the City of Amalgamation, in the Year of Our Lord, 19--

A Sojourn in the City of Amalgamation
Jerome B. Holgate's A Sojourn in the City of Amalgamation "painted a future in which sexual amalgamation was in fashion."
He sees two white men and two black women disembarking a boat and follows their group to the city of Amalgamation.

Cantonese people

CantoneseCantonese immigrantsCanton
Several thousand Cantonese men intermarried and cohabited with Malagasy women.
There have been a large number of interracial marriages and other forms of Miscegenation between Cantonese men and women from other nations (especially from Cuba, Peru, Mexico ), as most of the Cantonese migrants were men.

Historical race concepts

Historical definitions of raceraceraces
As the different connotations and etymologies of miscegenation and mestizaje suggest, definitions of race, "race mixing" and multiraciality have diverged globally as well as historically, depending on changing social circumstances and cultural perceptions.
He came to believe that race created culture, arguing that distinctions between the three "black", "white", and "yellow" races were natural barriers, and that "race-mixing" breaks those barriers down and leads to chaos.

Thomas Jefferson

JeffersonPresident JeffersonJeffersonian
Thomas Jefferson's policy proposal for dealing with Native Americans was "to let our settlements and theirs meet and blend together, to intermix, and become one people".
Jefferson included extensive data about the state's natural resources and economy, and wrote at length about slavery, miscegenation, and his belief that blacks and whites could not live together as free people in one society because of justified resentments of the enslaved.

David Goodman Croly

David CrolyDavid G. Croly
The hoax pamphlet was written by David Goodman Croly, managing editor of the New York World, a Democratic Party paper, and George Wakeman, a World reporter.
The pamphlet coined the term miscegenation for the intermixing of races.

Racial Integrity Act of 1924

Racial Integrity Act1924 Racial Integrity Actanti-miscegenation laws
This definition of blackness was encoded in the anti-miscegenation laws of various U.S. states, such as Virginia's Racial Integrity Act of 1924.
A major goal was to end "amalgamation" by racial intermarriage.

Motion Picture Production Code

Production CodeHays CodeHays Office
The Motion Picture Production Code of 1930, also known as Hays Code, explicitly stated that the depiction of "miscegenation ... is forbidden".
The depiction of miscegenation was forbidden.

Loving v. Virginia

Mildred LovingRichard LovingLoving v Virginia
In 1967, the United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled in Loving v. Virginia that anti-miscegenation laws are unconstitutional.
The Lovings were charged under Section 20-58 of the Virginia Code, which prohibited interracial couples from being married out of state and then returning to Virginia, and Section 20-59, which classified miscegenation as a felony, punishable by a prison sentence of between one and five years.

Race (human categorization)

raceracialraces
Miscegenation is a term given to the mixing of different racial groups through marriage, cohabitation, sexual relations, or procreation, particularly mixing that is perceived to negatively impact the purity of a particular race or culture. As the different connotations and etymologies of miscegenation and mestizaje suggest, definitions of race, "race mixing" and multiraciality have diverged globally as well as historically, depending on changing social circumstances and cultural perceptions.
The complexity of racial classifications in Brazil reflects the extent of miscegenation in Brazilian society, a society that remains highly, but not strictly, stratified along color lines.

Brazil

BRABrasilBrazilian
In Portuguese-speaking Latin America (i.e., Brazil), a milder form of caste system existed, although it also provided for legal and social discrimination among individuals belonging to different races, since slavery for black people existed until the late 19th century.
Since the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500, considerable miscegenation between Amerindians, Europeans, and Africans has taken place in all regions of the country (with European ancestry being dominant nationwide according to the vast majority of all autosomal studies undertaken covering the entire population, accounting for between 65% to 77%).

White supremacy

white supremacistwhite supremacistswhite supremacism
Anti-miscegenation is a prominent theme of racial supremacist movements, including white supremacy.
The eugenicist Madison Grant argued in his 1916 book, The Passing of the Great Race, that the Nordic race had been responsible for most of humanity's great achievements, and that admixture was "race suicide".

Miscegenation: The Theory of the Blending of the Races, Applied to the American White Man and Negro

MiscegenationMiscegenation: The Theory of the Blending of the Races, Applied to the American White Man and Negro''.
The pamphlet was entitled Miscegenation: The Theory of the Blending of the Races, Applied to the American White Man and Negro.
The 72-page piece coined the term miscegenation (from the Latin miscere "to mix" + genus "kind") and was put together by World managing editor David Goodman Croly and reporter George Wakeman.

Anti-Indian sentiment

IndophobiaAnti-IndianIndophobic
Since the independence of India from British rule, the concept of a historical "Aryan Invasion and subjugation of the dark skinned Dravidians in India" has become a staple polemic in South Asian geopolitics, including the propaganda of Indophobia in Pakistan.
The idea of protecting British "female chastity" from the "lustful Indian male" had a significant influence on the British Raj's policies outlawing miscegenation between the British and the Indians.

Tamils

TamilTamil peopleTamilian
In the last 350 years, various ethnic groups (Africans, Chinese, English, French, Gujarati Indians, Tamil Indians) have arrived and settled on the island.
All these sects have improvised Tamil vocabulary with peculiar loan words due to miscegenation.

Japanese people

JapaneseJapanethnic Japanese
The country also has a sizable Japanese and Chinese Haitian population.
However, Kazuro Hanihara announced a new racial admixture theory in 1984 and a "dual structure model" in 1991.

Mischling

Mischlingehalf-Jewsfirst-degree Jewish hybrids
Eventually children—whenever born—within a mixed marriage, as well as children from extramarital mixed relationships born until 31 July 1936, were discriminated against as Mischlinge or crossbreed.
Mischling ( "mix-ling"; plural: Mischlinge) was the legal term used in Nazi Germany to denote persons deemed to have both "Aryan" and Jewish ancestry.

Prostitution

prostituteprostituteswhore
In the 19th century and early 20th century, there was a network of small numbers of Chinese and Japanese prostitutes being trafficked across Asia, in countries such as China, Japan, Korea, Singapore and British India, in what was then known as the "Yellow Slave Traffic".
As British females began arriving in British India in large numbers from the early to mid-19th century, it became increasingly uncommon for British soldiers to visit Indian prostitutes, and miscegenation was despised altogether after the events of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.