Herod's Temple as imagined in the Holyland Model of Jerusalem. It is currently situated adjacent to the Shrine of the Book exhibit at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
Maimonides (artist's conceptual drawing)
The Trumpeting Place inscription, a stone (2.43×1 m) with Hebrew writing "To the Trumpeting Place" uncovered during archaeological excavations by Benjamin Mazar at the southern foot of the Temple Mount is believed to be a part of the complex of the Second Temple.
A page of a medieval Jerusalem Talmud manuscript, from the Cairo Geniza
Remnants of the 1st-century Stairs of Ascent in front of the Double Gate, discovered by archaeologist Benjamin Mazar.
Torah scroll
Diagram of the Temple (top of diagram is north)
The single scroll of the arm-tefillin
Model of Second Temple made by Michael Osnis from Kedumim.
A sukkah booth
Ezekiel's Temple as imagined by Charles Chipiez in the 19th century.
A Ketubah in Hebrew, a Jewish marriage-contract outlining the duties of the husband.
Model of the First Temple, included in a Bible manual for teachers (1922)
Herod's Temple, as imagined in the Holyland Model of Jerusalem. It is currently situated adjacent to the Shrine of the Book exhibit at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
The Foundation Stone in the floor of the Dome of the Rock shrine in Jerusalem. The round hole at upper left penetrates to a small cave, known as the Well of Souls, below. The cage-like structure just beyond the hole covers the stairway entrance to the cave (south is towards the top of the image).
The Sanhedrin, from an 1883 encyclopedia
The bottom of the Foundation Stone, photo taken from the Well of Souls
Title page from Sefer Shaarei Teshuvah (1960 pocket edition) by Yonah Gerondi (d.1263), first published in 1505.
Arch of Titus relief showing the Menorah from the Temple as spoils of the Romans
Title page of Karo's Shulchan Aruch
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, known as "the Lubavitcher Rebbe", studied the Mishneh Torah daily and encouraged other Jews to follow along with him in an annual study cycle.

It is the only Medieval-era work that details all of Jewish observance, including those laws that are only applicable when the Temple in Jerusalem is in existence, and remains an important work in Judaism.

- Mishneh Torah

Jewish rabbi and philosopher Moses Maimonides gave the following definition of "Temple" in his Mishne Torah (Hil.

- Temple in Jerusalem
Herod's Temple as imagined in the Holyland Model of Jerusalem. It is currently situated adjacent to the Shrine of the Book exhibit at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem.

3 related topics

Alpha

Morning Prayer, 2005.

Jewish prayer

Prayer recitation that forms part of the observance of Rabbinic Judaism.

Prayer recitation that forms part of the observance of Rabbinic Judaism.

Morning Prayer, 2005.
Jews praying in Jerusalem (HaKotel HaMaaravi), 2010.
Rabbi Yisrael Meir HaCohen Kagan—the "Chofetz Chaim"—at prayer towards the end of his life.
An Israeli soldier lays tefillin at the Western Wall (Kotel) prior to prayer.
Members of the Israel Defense Forces' Givati Brigade pray the Evening Service (Ma'ariv) at the Western Wall, October 2010.
IDF soldier, Asael lubotzky prays with tefillin.
Minyan Ma'ariv prayer in a Jaffa Tel Aviv flea-market shop
Jewish women praying by the Western Wall, early 1900s
Women praying in the Western Wall tunnel at the closest physical point to the Holy of Holies

Afternoon prayer: Mincha or Minha, named for the flour offering that accompanied sacrifices at the Temple in Jerusalem,

Another formulation of the prayers was that appended by Maimonides to the laws of prayer in his Mishneh Torah: this forms the basis of the Yemenite liturgy, and has had some influence on other rites.

Torah scroll at old Glockengasse Synagogue (reconstruction), Cologne

Torah

Compilation of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, namely the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.

Compilation of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, namely the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.

Torah scroll at old Glockengasse Synagogue (reconstruction), Cologne
Silver Torah case, Ottoman Empire, displayed in the Museum of Jewish Art and History
Reading of the Torah
One common formulation of the documentary hypothesis
The supplementary hypothesis, one potential successor to the documentary hypothesis
Presentation of The Torah, by Édouard Moyse, 1860, Museum of Jewish Art and History
Torahs in Ashkenazi Synagogue (Istanbul, Turkey)
Page pointers, or yad, for reading of the Torah
Open Torah case with scroll.

In the modern era, adherents of Orthodox Judaism practice Torah-reading according to a set procedure they believe has remained unchanged in the two thousand years since the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem (70 CE).

The division of parashot found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, chapter 8.

Dreidels, hanukkiah, and sufganiyot

Hanukkah

Jewish festival commemorating the recovery of Jerusalem and subsequent rededication of the Second Temple at the beginning of the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Empire in the 2nd century BCE.

Jewish festival commemorating the recovery of Jerusalem and subsequent rededication of the Second Temple at the beginning of the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Empire in the 2nd century BCE.

Dreidels, hanukkiah, and sufganiyot
Hanukkah table
Spelling variations due to transliteration of Hebrew Ḥet Nun Vav Kaf Hey
Hanukkah lamp unearthed near Jerusalem about 1900
Section from the Aramaic Scroll of Antiochus in Babylonian supralinear punctuation, with an Arabic translation
A model of Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period
High Priest pouring oil over the menorah, Jewish new year card
Modern Israeli 10 agorot coin, reproducing the menorah image from a coin issued by Mattathias Antigonus
Hasmonean Kingdom, 143 BCE
Tombs of the Maccabees, Modi'in, Israel
Maccabees on the Knesset Menorah
The Triumph of Judas Maccabeus, Rubens, 1634–1636
Chanukah Menorah opposite Nazi building in Kiel, Germany, December 1932.
Hanukkah festival at Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, December 2019
Public Hanukkiah lighting in Brussels next to the Berlaymont building, the headquarters of the European Commission, 2020
Hanukkah celebrated in the Polish Sejm, Warsaw
Boy in front of a menorah
Hanukkah lights in the dark
Biala Rebbe lights the menorah
Potato latke frying in hot olive oil.
Sufganiyot/doughnuts filled with strawberry jelly
Dreidels / Spinning tops in a Jerusalem market
Chocolate gelt
President Harry S. Truman (left, back turned to camera) in the Oval Office, receiving a Hanukkah Menorah as a gift from the Prime Minister of Israel, David Ben-Gurion (center). To the right is Abba Eban, the Ambassador of Israel to the United States.
Second night of Hannukah at Jerusalem's Western Wall
US President Jimmy Carter attends Menorah Lighting, Lafayette Park, Washington, D.C., 1979

In the New Testament, John 10:22–23 says, "Then came the Festival of Dedication at Jerusalem. It was winter, and Jesus was in the temple courts walking in Solomon’s Colonnade" (NIV).

The 12th century scholar Maimonides, known for correcting certain of Aristotle's errors by reference to the Hebrew bible, and subsequently introducing Aristotelianism to both the Jewish world and to the Christian scholastics, described Hanukkah thus in the Mishneh Torah, his authoritative 14 volume compendium on Jewish law: