Misnagdim

An anathema against the Hasidim, signed by the Gaon of Vilna and other community officials. August 1781.
The Vilna Gaon
Litvishe yeshiva students in Israel

Religious movement among the Jews of Eastern Europe which resisted the rise of Hasidism in the 18th and 19th centuries.

- Misnagdim
An anathema against the Hasidim, signed by the Gaon of Vilna and other community officials. August 1781.

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Rabbi Ovadia Yosef was the most influential Sephardic Haredi leader. He was also the spiritual leader of the Shas political party.

Sephardic Haredim

Sephardic Haredim are Jews of Sephardi and Mizrahi descent who are adherents of Haredi Judaism.

Sephardic Haredim are Jews of Sephardi and Mizrahi descent who are adherents of Haredi Judaism.

Rabbi Ovadia Yosef was the most influential Sephardic Haredi leader. He was also the spiritual leader of the Shas political party.

Sephardic Haredim today constitute a significant stream of Haredi Judaism, alongside the Hasidim and Lita'im.

Amdur Synagogue.

Amdur (Hasidic dynasty)

Early Hasidic dynasty originating from the town of Indura, Belarus, where it was founded by Rabbi Chaim Chaykl of Amdur (1730-1787).

Early Hasidic dynasty originating from the town of Indura, Belarus, where it was founded by Rabbi Chaim Chaykl of Amdur (1730-1787).

Amdur Synagogue.
Ohel of Rabbi Chaim Chaykl in Indura.

The court of Amdur was among the earliest Hasidic dynasties and was known for its fiery and passionate nature, which often put it into direct conflict with local Misnagdim.

The density of the Jewish settlement in the Moshav in 1905

Eastern European Jewry

The expression 'Eastern European Jewry' has two meanings.

The expression 'Eastern European Jewry' has two meanings.

The density of the Jewish settlement in the Moshav in 1905
The Hebrew text: The yellow area covers the distribution of the Jews of the Polish-Lithuanian Union, their original places of residence and their immigration areas.
Polish Jews in typical clothing - 17th century (top), 18th century (bottom)

There was also a sharp confrontation between supporters of Hasidism and those opposed to it (Misnagdim).