Missile

guided missilemissilesguided missilesguided-missileguidedhoming missilelong-range missilehoming missilesair-to-air missileshoming
In military language, a missile, also known as a guided missile, is a guided self-propelled flying weapon usually propelled by a jet engine or rocket motor.wikipedia
1,313 Related Articles

Missile guidance

Astro-inertial guidanceguidanceradio command guidance
Missiles have four system components: targeting or missile guidance, flight system, engine, and warhead.
Missile guidance refers to a variety of methods of guiding a missile or a guided bomb to its intended target.

Air-to-surface missile

air-to-surfaceair-to-ground missileair-to-ground missiles
Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons.
An air-to-surface missile (ASM) or air-to-ground missile (AGM) is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft at targets on land or sea.

Warhead

warheadsCUexplosive payload
Missiles have four system components: targeting or missile guidance, flight system, engine, and warhead.
A warhead is the explosive or toxic material that is delivered by a missile, rocket, or torpedo.

Surface-to-surface missile

SSMsurface-to-surfaceSSMs
Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons.
A surface-to-surface missile (SSM) or ground-to-ground missile (GGM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground or the sea and strike targets on land or at sea.

Cruise missile

cruise missileshypersonic cruise missilecruise
Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets, that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.

Anti-ship missile

anti-shipanti-ship missilesantiship missile
Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons. Less well known were a series of Anti-Ship and Anti-aircraft missiles, typically based on a simple radio control (command guidance) system directed by the operator.
Anti-ship missiles (AShM) are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats.

Surface-to-air missile

SAMsurface-to-air missilessurface-to-air
Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons. Less well known were a series of Anti-Ship and Anti-aircraft missiles, typically based on a simple radio control (command guidance) system directed by the operator.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM ), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.

Anti-tank guided missile

anti-tank missileATGManti-tank guided missiles
Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons.
An anti-tank guided missile (ATGM), anti-tank missile, anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) or anti-armor guided weapon is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles.

Air-to-air missile

air-to-airair-to-air missilesAAM
Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons.
An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.

Rocket (weapon)

rocketrocketsunguided rocket
This is in contrast to an unguided self-propelled flying munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
In military parlance, a rocket differs from a missile primarily by lacking an active guidance system; early missiles were known as "guided rockets" or "guided missiles".

List of German guided weapons of World War II

List of World War II guided missiles of Germanya radio guided anti-ship missileGerman guided missiles
The first missiles to be used operationally were a series of missiles developed by Nazi Germany in World War II.
During World War II, Nazi Germany developed many missile and precision-guided munition systems.

Command guidance

mid-course updateradio commandcommand guided
Less well known were a series of Anti-Ship and Anti-aircraft missiles, typically based on a simple radio control (command guidance) system directed by the operator.
Command guidance is a type of missile guidance in which a ground station or aircraft relay signals to a guided missile via radio control or through a wire connecting the missile to the launcher and tell the missile where to steer in order to intercept its target.

Inertial navigation system

inertial guidanceINSinertial navigation
Another method is to target the missile by knowing the location of the target and using a guidance system such as INS, TERCOM or satellite guidance.
INSs are used on vehicles such as ships, aircraft, submarines, guided missiles, and spacecraft.

Solid-propellant rocket

solid-fuel rocketSolidsolid rocket
Rockets are generally of the solid propellant type for ease of maintenance and fast deployment, although some larger ballistic missiles use liquid-propellant rockets.
Since solid-fuel rockets can remain in storage for a long time without much propellant degradation, and the fact that they almost always launch reliably, they have been frequently used in military applications such as missiles.

Ramjet

ramjetsramjet engineram jet
Turbofans and ramjets are the only other common forms of jet engine propulsion, although any type of engine could theoretically be used.
Ramjets can be particularly useful in applications requiring a small and simple mechanism for high-speed use, such as missiles.

Jet engine

jetEnginesjet-powered
In military language, a missile, also known as a guided missile, is a guided self-propelled flying weapon usually propelled by a jet engine or rocket motor.
In the form of rocket engines they power fireworks, model rocketry, spaceflight, and military missiles.

Missile launch facility

missile silosilolaunch facility
Ballistic missiles are primarily surface-launched from mobile launchers, silos, ships or submarines, with air launch being theoretically possible with a weapon such as the cancelled Skybolt missile.
The structures typically have the missile some distance below ground, protected by a large "blast door" on top.

Shell (projectile)

shellshellsartillery shell
Non-self-propelled airborne explosive devices are generally referred to as shells and usually have a shorter range than missiles.
Very large shells have been replaced by rockets, missiles, and bombs, and today the largest shells in common use are 155 mm (6.1 in).

DF-21

DF-21DCSS-5DF-21C
Today, the ballistic missile represents the only strategic deterrent in most military forces; however, some ballistic missiles are being adapted for conventional roles, such as the Russian Iskander or the Chinese DF-21D anti-ship ballistic missile.
It was developed from the submarine-launched JL-1 missile, and is China's first solid-fuel land-based missile.

Laser guidance

laser-guidedSemi-active laser homingsemi-active laser
The most common method of guidance is to use some form of radiation, such as infrared, lasers or radio waves, to guide the missile onto its target.
Laser guidance is used by military to guide a missile or other projectile or vehicle to a target by means of a laser beam (Lidar), e.g. beam riding guidance or semi-active radar homing (SARH).

Radio control

radio-controlledradio controlledradio-control
Less well known were a series of Anti-Ship and Anti-aircraft missiles, typically based on a simple radio control (command guidance) system directed by the operator.
Radio control was further developed during World War II, primarily by the Germans who used it in a number of missile projects.

Ballistics

ballisticforensic ballisticsballistically
After the boost stage, ballistic missiles follow a trajectory mainly determined by ballistics.
A ballistic missile is a missile that is guided only during the relatively brief initial phase of powered flight and the trajectory is subsequently governed by the laws of classical mechanics; in contrast to (for example) a cruise missile which is aerodynamically guided in powered flight like a fixed-wing aircraft.

Transporter erector launcher

TELtransporter-erector-launcherlaunch platform
Ballistic missiles are primarily surface-launched from mobile launchers, silos, ships or submarines, with air launch being theoretically possible with a weapon such as the cancelled Skybolt missile.
A transporter erector launcher (TEL) is a missile vehicle with an integrated prime mover (tractor unit) that can carry, elevate to firing position and launch one or more missiles.

9K720 Iskander

IskanderIskander-MIskander-E
Today, the ballistic missile represents the only strategic deterrent in most military forces; however, some ballistic missiles are being adapted for conventional roles, such as the Russian Iskander or the Chinese DF-21D anti-ship ballistic missile.
The Iskander-M system is equipped with two solid-propellant single-stage guided missiles, model 9M723K1.

Nuclear weapon

atomic bombnuclear weaponsnuclear
Other warhead types include submunitions, incendiaries, nuclear weapons, chemical, biological or radiological weapons or kinetic energy penetrators.
Preferable from a strategic point of view is a nuclear weapon mounted on a missile, which can use a ballistic trajectory to deliver the warhead over the horizon.