Mission San Xavier del Bac

San Xavier del BacSan XavierSan Xavier MissionMission San XavierSan Xavier del Bac MissionLa Misión San Xavier del BacSt. Xavier del Bac Mission
Mission San Xavier del Bac (La Misión de San Xavier del Bac) is an historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 mi south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O'odham Nation San Xavier Indian Reservation.wikipedia
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Tucson, Arizona

TucsonTucson, AZTucson, Arizona Territory
Mission San Xavier del Bac (La Misión de San Xavier del Bac) is an historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 mi south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O'odham Nation San Xavier Indian Reservation.
He founded the Mission San Xavier del Bac in 1700 about 7 mi upstream from the site of the settlement of Tucson.

Tohono Oʼodham Nation

Tohono O'odham NationPapago Indian TribeTohono O'odham Nation of Arizona
Mission San Xavier del Bac (La Misión de San Xavier del Bac) is an historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 mi south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O'odham Nation San Xavier Indian Reservation.
In 1874, President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant signed an executive order creating the San Xavier Indian Reservation, surrounding the 18th century Mission San Xavier del Bac.

San Xavier Indian Reservation

Papago Indian ReservationSan XavierDesert Diamond Casino
Mission San Xavier del Bac (La Misión de San Xavier del Bac) is an historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 mi south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O'odham Nation San Xavier Indian Reservation.
The reservation is home to a Spanish mission, Mission San Xavier del Bac, which was built in between 1783 and 1797.

Francis Xavier

St. Francis XavierSaint Francis XavierSt Francis Xavier
The mission was named for Francis Xavier, a Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order) in Europe.
Also Mission San Xavier del Bac is a pilgrimage site.

Santa Cruz River (Arizona)

Santa Cruz RiverSanta CruzSanta Cruz Valley
The mission was founded in 1692 by Padre Eusebio Kino in the center of a centuries-old settlement of the Sobaipuri O'odham, a branch of the Akimel or River O'odham located along the banks of the Santa Cruz River.
It then continues northward from the international border past the Tumacacori National Historical Park, Tubac, Green Valley, Sahuarita, San Xavier del Bac, Tucson, Marana, and Picacho Peak State Park to the Santa Cruz Flats just to the south of Casa Grande and the Gila River.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Tucson

Diocese of TucsonTucsonBishop of Tucson
In 1868 the Diocese of Tucson was established.
Another church of special interest is the Mission San Xavier del Bac, also in Tucson.

Presidio San Agustín del Tucsón

Presidio San Augustin del TucsonFort Tucsonfort
From 1775 on, the mission community and its Indian converts were protected somewhat from Apache raids by the Presidio San Agustín del Tucsón, established roughly 7 mi downstream on the Santa Cruz River.
Landlocked settlements in what is now northern New Mexico survived with Tucson and a few other mission towns such as the San Xavier and the Tumacacori Mission.

Eusebio Kino

Eusebio Francisco KinoFather KinoFather Eusebio Francisco Kino
The mission was founded in 1692 by Padre Eusebio Kino in the center of a centuries-old settlement of the Sobaipuri O'odham, a branch of the Akimel or River O'odham located along the banks of the Santa Cruz River. Mission San Xavier del Bac was established in 1692 by Father Eusebio Francisco Kino, who founded a chain of Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert.
He built missions extending from the present day states of Mexican Sonora, northeast for 150 mi, into present-day Arizona, where the San Xavier del Bac mission, near Tucson, a popular National Historic Landmark, is still a functioning Franciscan parish church.

Spanish missions in Arizona

ArizonaArizona MissionsArizona missions chain
Unlike the other Spanish missions in Arizona, San Xavier is still actively run by Franciscans, and continues to serve the native community by which it was built.
Father Kino founded missions San Xavier and San Gabriel at the Piman communities of Bac and Guevavi along the Santa Cruz River.

Tohono Oʼodham

Tohono O'odhamPapagoO'odham
The San Xavier Festival is held the evening of the Friday after Easter and features a torch-light parade of Tohono O'odham and Yaqui tribal members.
The San Xavier District is the location of a major tourist attraction near Tucson, Mission San Xavier del Bac, the "White Dove of the Desert", founded in 1700 by the Jesuit missionary and explorer Eusebio Kino.

Interstate 19

I-19Business LoopI-19 Business
To the east of the San Xavier Mission, abutting the I-19 Freeway, is Martinez Hill.
Since a typical Arizona DOT freeway guide sign rehabilitation contract also replaces surface road signing near those roads' interchanges with the freeway, metric-unit signs also appeared on local roads near I-19, giving distances in kilometers to tourist attractions such as Mission San Xavier del Bac.

List of the oldest churches in the United States

Oldest churches in the United StatesList of the oldest Christian denominations in the United StatesChristian Church

Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert

Spanish missionKino missionsLos Remedios, Imuris, Magdalena, Cocóspera, San Ignacio, Tubutama and Caborca
Mission San Xavier del Bac was established in 1692 by Father Eusebio Francisco Kino, who founded a chain of Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
Mission San Xavier del Bac (La Misión de San Xavier del Bac) is an historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 mi south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O'odham Nation San Xavier Indian Reservation.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
Mission San Xavier del Bac (La Misión de San Xavier del Bac) is an historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 mi south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O'odham Nation San Xavier Indian Reservation.

Christian mission

missionmissionsChristian missionaries
Mission San Xavier del Bac (La Misión de San Xavier del Bac) is an historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 mi south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O'odham Nation San Xavier Indian Reservation.

Demolition

demolisheddemolishrazed
This northern church or churches served the mission until it was razed during an Apache raid in 1770.

Pilgrimage

pilgrimagespilgrimspilgrim
It is a well-known pilgrimage site, with thousands visiting each year on foot and on horseback, some among ceremonial cavalcades or cabalgatas.

Cavalcade

CavalcadesCabalgataCabalgata Binacional Villista
It is a well-known pilgrimage site, with thousands visiting each year on foot and on horseback, some among ceremonial cavalcades or cabalgatas.

Oʼodham language

O'odhamO'odham languageTohono O'odham
The site is also known in the O'odham language as "goes in" or "comes in", meaning "where the water goes in", as the water in the Santa Cruz River came up to the surface a few miles south of Martinez Hill and then submerged again near Los Reales Wash. The Santa Cruz River that used to run year-round in this section was once critical to the community's survival, but now runs only part of the year.

Society of Jesus

JesuitJesuitsS.J.
The mission was named for Francis Xavier, a Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order) in Europe. A Jesuit of Italian descent, Kino often visited and preached in the area, then the Pimería Alta colonial territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

Pimería Alta

Pimeria AltaSpanish Arizona
A Jesuit of Italian descent, Kino often visited and preached in the area, then the Pimería Alta colonial territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New SpainSpanishNueva España
A Jesuit of Italian descent, Kino often visited and preached in the area, then the Pimería Alta colonial territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

Charles III of Spain

Charles IIICarlos IIIKing Carlos III
Charles III of Spain distrusted Jesuits and in 1767 banned them from Spanish lands in the Americas.

Franciscans

FranciscanFranciscan OrderFriars Minor
He installed what he considered the more pliable and "reliable" Franciscans as replacements.