Missouri Executive Order 44

Extermination Orderan executive orderExecutive Order 44Mormon Extermination Orderorderedby order of the governordriven from Missouriexecutive orderexpulsionexpulsion from Missouri
Missouri Executive Order 44, also known as the Extermination Order, was an executive order issued on October 27, 1838, by the Governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs.wikipedia
124 Related Articles

Lilburn Boggs

Lilburn W. BoggsGovernor BoggsGovernor Bogg
Missouri Executive Order 44, also known as the Extermination Order, was an executive order issued on October 27, 1838, by the Governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs.
He is now most widely remembered for his interactions with Joseph Smith and Porter Rockwell, and Missouri Executive Order 44, known by Mormons as the "Extermination Order", issued in response to the ongoing conflict between members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and other settlers of Missouri.

Battle of Crooked River

at Crooked Creekattacked and killed members of the Missouri state militiaBattle of Crooked Creek
The order was issued in the aftermath of the Battle of Crooked River, a clash between Mormons and a unit of the Missouri State Militia in northern Ray County, Missouri, during the 1838 Mormon War.
Afterward the governor issued Missouri Executive Order 44, sometimes called the "Extermination Order," which led to the expulsion of the Mormons from Missouri.

1838 Mormon War

Mormon WarMissouri Mormon WarMormon War (1838)
The order was issued in the aftermath of the Battle of Crooked River, a clash between Mormons and a unit of the Missouri State Militia in northern Ray County, Missouri, during the 1838 Mormon War.
The Battle of Crooked River in late October led to Lilburn Boggs, the Governor of Missouri, issuing the Missouri Executive Order 44 ordering the Mormons to leave Missouri or be killed.

Mormons

MormonLDSMormon community
The order was issued in the aftermath of the Battle of Crooked River, a clash between Mormons and a unit of the Missouri State Militia in northern Ray County, Missouri, during the 1838 Mormon War.
On October 27, the governor of Missouri ordered that the Mormons "must be treated as enemies" and be exterminated or driven from the state.

Caldwell County, Missouri

Caldwell CountyCaldwell Caldwell County, Missouri
The Mormons had been given a county of their own (Caldwell County) in 1836, following their expulsion from Jackson County in 1833.
The county was one of the principal settings of the 1838 Missouri Mormon War, which led to the expulsion of all Latter Day Saints from Missouri, following the issuance of an "extermination order" by then–Governor Lilburn Boggs.

John Bullock Clark

John B. ClarkJohn Bullock Clark, Sr.Clark, John Bullock
The Militia and other state authorities—General John B. Clark, among them—used the executive order to violently expel the Mormons from their lands in the state following their capitulation, which in turn led to their subsequent migration to Nauvoo, Illinois.
Governor Lilburn Boggs addressed his infamous 1838 Extermination Order 44 to Clark, directing that the Mormons be "exterminated, or driven from the state."

Danite

DanitesDanite Manifestoan 1857 speech
By the Fall of that same year these tensions escalated into open conflict, culminating in the looting and burning of several Mormon farms and homes, the sacking and burning of Gallatin by the "Danites", and the taking of hostages by Cpt.
Earlier in the band's existence, Joseph Smith appeared to endorse the group's actions, but later turned against them as violence increased and the actions of the Danites inspired a hysteria in Missouri that eventually led to the Extermination Order.

Kit Bond

Christopher BondChristopher S. BondChristopher "Kit" Bond
On June 25, 1976, Governor Kit Bond issued an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, recognizing its legal invalidity and formally apologizing on behalf of the State of Missouri for the suffering it had caused the Mormons.
On June 25, 1976 he signed an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order against Mormons issued by Governor Lilburn Boggs on October 27, 1838.

Samuel Bogart

Samuel Bogart and his militia, operating in northern Ray County (to the south of Caldwell).
These operations led to the expulsion of nearly all Mormons from the state following the issuance of Governor Lilburn Boggs' infamous Extermination Order in October of that year.

Anti-Mormonism

anti-Mormonanti-MormonsAnti-Mormon sentiment
The massacre and Governor Boggs' Executive Order are examples of anti-Mormon sentiment in the area.
These differences culminated in hostilities and the eventual issuing of an executive order (since called the Extermination Order) by Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs declaring "the Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the State."

Haun's Mill massacre

Haun's MillHaun's Mill, Missouriattacked
Many people connect Governor Boggs' order directly to the Haun's Mill massacre.
Although the massacre took place a few days after Missouri's governor, Lilburn Boggs, issued his infamous Missouri Executive Order 44 ("Extermination Order" of 1838) there is debate if the participants in the massacre knew of it.

Executive order

executive ordersExecutive order (United States)Presidential Executive Order
Missouri Executive Order 44, also known as the Extermination Order, was an executive order issued on October 27, 1838, by the Governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs.

List of governors of Missouri

Governor of MissouriGovernorMissouri Governor
Missouri Executive Order 44, also known as the Extermination Order, was an executive order issued on October 27, 1838, by the Governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs.

Missouri Volunteer Militia

Missouri State MilitiaMissouri Volunteer Militia (MVM)1st Missouri Volunteer Militia
The order was issued in the aftermath of the Battle of Crooked River, a clash between Mormons and a unit of the Missouri State Militia in northern Ray County, Missouri, during the 1838 Mormon War.

Ray County, Missouri

Ray CountyRay Ray County, Missouri
The order was issued in the aftermath of the Battle of Crooked River, a clash between Mormons and a unit of the Missouri State Militia in northern Ray County, Missouri, during the 1838 Mormon War.

Missouri

MOState of MissouriMissouri, USA
Claiming that the Mormons had committed open and avowed defiance of the law and had made war upon the people of Missouri, Governor Boggs directed that "the Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the State if necessary for the public peace—their outrages are beyond all description".

Nauvoo, Illinois

NauvooCommerce, IllinoisCommerce
The Militia and other state authorities—General John B. Clark, among them—used the executive order to violently expel the Mormons from their lands in the state following their capitulation, which in turn led to their subsequent migration to Nauvoo, Illinois.

W. W. Phelps (Mormon)

W. W. PhelpsWilliam W. PhelpsWilliam Wines Phelps
On the same day, July 20, 1833, the W.W. Phelps printing press, which published The Evening and the Morning Star in Independence, was destroyed by a mob.

Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible

Inspired Version of the Bibletranslation of the Biblerevision of the Bible
The destruction was also in retaliation for the publication of portions of the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible, particularly that of the book of Genesis, in a Mormon newspaper The Evening and the Morning Star in August 1832 and in March and April 1833.

Jackson County, Missouri

Jackson CountyJacksonMissouri
The Mormons had been given a county of their own (Caldwell County) in 1836, following their expulsion from Jackson County in 1833.

Sidney Rigdon

Elder RigdonNancy RigdonRigdon, Sidney
On July 4, 1838, church leader Sidney Rigdon delivered an oration in Far West, the county seat of Caldwell County.

Far West, Missouri

Far WestFar West TempleBattle of Far West
On July 4, 1838, church leader Sidney Rigdon delivered an oration in Far West, the county seat of Caldwell County. When the Mormon armed mob from the town of Far West moved south to the militia camp on the Crooked River, causing rumors of a planned full-scale invasion of Missouri that ran rampant throughout the summer and aroused terror throughout the western part of the state.

Gallatin, Missouri

GallatinGallatin †Gallatin, MO
By the Fall of that same year these tensions escalated into open conflict, culminating in the looting and burning of several Mormon farms and homes, the sacking and burning of Gallatin by the "Danites", and the taking of hostages by Cpt.

Crooked River (Missouri)

Crooked Riverthe river
When the Mormon armed mob from the town of Far West moved south to the militia camp on the Crooked River, causing rumors of a planned full-scale invasion of Missouri that ran rampant throughout the summer and aroused terror throughout the western part of the state.