Double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.- Mitochondrion
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Set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert chemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate , and then release waste products.
Although carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are consumed as reactants, aerobic respiration is the preferred method of pyruvate breakdown in glycolysis, and requires pyruvate to the mitochondria in order to be fully oxidized by the citric acid cycle.
The inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) is the mitochondrial membrane which separates the mitochondrial matrix from the intermembrane space.
Group of disorders caused by mitochondrial dysfunction.
Mitochondria are the organelles that generate energy for the cell and are found in every cell of the human body except red blood cells.
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Organism that consists of a single cell, unlike a multicellular organism that consists of multiple cells.
Prokaryotes lack membrane-bound organelles, such as mitochondria or a nucleus.
Hepatocytes display an eosinophilic cytoplasm, reflecting numerous mitochondria, and basophilic stippling due to large amounts of smooth endoplasmic reticulum and free ribosomes.
Organic compound and hydrotrope that provides energy to drive many processes in living cells, such as muscle contraction, nerve impulse propagation, condensate dissolution, and chemical synthesis.
ATP production by a non-photosynthetic aerobic eukaryote occurs mainly in the mitochondria, which comprise nearly 25% of the volume of a typical cell.
Microsporidia are a group of spore-forming unicellular parasites.
Microsporidia lack mitochondria, instead possessing mitosomes.
Entire set of proteins that is, or can be, expressed by a genome, cell, tissue, or organism at a certain time.
For instance, the mitochondrial proteome may consist of more than 3000 distinct proteins.
One of the liquids found inside cells ).
For example, the mitochondrial matrix separates the mitochondrion into many compartments.