Mixed martial arts

mixed martial artistMMAground and poundmixed martial artmixed martial artistsground-and-poundmixed martial arts (MMA)cage fightingMMA fightercage fighter
Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from various combat sports and martial arts.wikipedia
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Combat sport

combat sportsCombatcombat-sport
Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from various combat sports and martial arts.
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō.

UFC 1

Ultimate Fighting ChampionshipThe Ultimate Fighting Championshipfirst
The first documented use of the term mixed martial arts was in a review of UFC 1 by television critic Howard Rosenberg in 1993.
The Ultimate Fighting Championship (later renamed UFC 1: The Beginning) was the first mixed martial arts event by the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), held at the McNichols Sports Arena in Denver, Colorado, on November 12, 1993.

Bruce Lee

Bruce Lee FoundationLeeBruce
In the West, the concept of combining elements of multiple martial arts was popularized by Bruce Lee's Jeet Kune Do during the late 1960s to early 1970s. In 2004, UFC President Dana White would call Lee the "father of mixed martial arts" stating: "If you look at the way Bruce Lee trained, the way he fought, and many of the things he wrote, he said the perfect style was no style. You take a little something from everything. You take the good things from every different discipline, use what works, and you throw the rest away".
He was the founder of Jeet Kune Do, a hybrid martial arts philosophy drawing from different combat disciplines that is often credited with paving the way for modern mixed martial arts (MMA).

Pride Fighting Championships

PRIDEPride FCPride Fighting Championship
A precursor to modern MMA was the 1976 Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki bout, fought between boxer Muhammad Ali and wrestler Antonio Inoki in Japan, where it later inspired the foundation of Pancrase in 1993 and Pride Fighting Championships in 1997. In Japan, the match inspired Inoki's students Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki to found Pancrase in 1993, which in turn inspired the foundation of Pride Fighting Championships in 1997. In 2007, Zuffa LLC, the owners of the UFC MMA promotion, bought Japanese rival MMA brand Pride FC, merging the contracted fighters under one promotion.
Pride Fighting Championships (Pride or Pride FC, founded as KRS-Pride) was a Japanese mixed martial arts promotion company.

Antonio Inoki

InokiKanji InokiInoki Dojo
A precursor to modern MMA was the 1976 Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki bout, fought between boxer Muhammad Ali and wrestler Antonio Inoki in Japan, where it later inspired the foundation of Pancrase in 1993 and Pride Fighting Championships in 1997.
Muhammad Hussain Inoki (مُحَمَّد حُسَيْن إينوكي; born Kanji Inoki on February 20, 1943) is a Japanese professional wrestling and mixed martial arts promoter, and retired professional wrestler, martial artist, and politician.

Pancrase

Pancrase Hybrid WrestlingKing Of PancrasePancrase Impressive Tour 3
A precursor to modern MMA was the 1976 Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki bout, fought between boxer Muhammad Ali and wrestler Antonio Inoki in Japan, where it later inspired the foundation of Pancrase in 1993 and Pride Fighting Championships in 1997. In Japan, the match inspired Inoki's students Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki to found Pancrase in 1993, which in turn inspired the foundation of Pride Fighting Championships in 1997. Japan had its own form of mixed martial arts discipline, Shooto, which evolved from shoot wrestling in 1985, as well as the shoot wrestling derivative Pancrase, which was founded as a promotion in 1993.
Pancrase Inc. is a mixed martial arts promotion company founded in Japan in 1993 by professional wrestlers Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki.

Gracie family

GraciefamilyGracie trained
The Gracie family was known to promote Vale Tudo matches as a way to promote their own Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu style.
They have been successful in combat sport competitions including mixed martial arts, vale tudo, and submission wrestling events.

Pay-per-view

pay per viewPPViPPV
Following these changes, the sport has seen increased popularity with a pay-per-view business that rivals boxing and professional wrestling. The sport reached a new peak of popularity in North America in December 2006: a rematch between then UFC light heavyweight champion Chuck Liddell and former champion Tito Ortiz, rivaled the PPV sales of some of the biggest boxing events of all time, and helped the UFC's 2006 PPV gross surpass that of any promotion in PPV history.
Events distributed through PPV typically include combat sports events (including boxing and mixed martial arts, and sports entertainment such as professional wrestling), and concerts.

CV Productions, Inc.

CV ProductionsCV Productions Inc.
In 1980, CV Productions, Inc. created the first regulated MMA league in the United States, called Tough Guy Contest, which was later renamed Battle of the Superfighters.
CV Productions, Inc., is a Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania-based mixed martial arts company, founded in 1979.

Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki

an exhibition bout1976 fightAli's infamous boxer vs. wrestler match
A precursor to modern MMA was the 1976 Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki bout, fought between boxer Muhammad Ali and wrestler Antonio Inoki in Japan, where it later inspired the foundation of Pancrase in 1993 and Pride Fighting Championships in 1997.
The fight itself, which was fought under special rules, is seen as a precursor to modern mixed martial arts.

Howard Rosenberg

Rosenberg, Howard
The first documented use of the term mixed martial arts was in a review of UFC 1 by television critic Howard Rosenberg in 1993.
Rosenberg coined the term mixed martial arts, or MMA, in his review of the first Ultimate Fighting Championship event UFC 1 in Los Angeles Times on November 15, 1993.

Pankration

pankratiastpancrationpancratium
In Ancient Greece, there was a sport called pankration, which featured a combination of grappling and striking skills similar to those found in modern MMA.
Pankration, as practiced in historical antiquity, was an athletic event that combined techniques of both boxing (pygmē/pygmachia – πυγμή/πυγμαχία) and wrestling (palē – πάλη), as well as additional elements, such as the use of strikes with the legs, to create a broad fighting sport very similar to today's mixed martial arts competitions.

Masakatsu Funaki

Flying FunakiFunaki
In Japan, the match inspired Inoki's students Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki to found Pancrase in 1993, which in turn inspired the foundation of Pride Fighting Championships in 1997.
Masaharu Funaki is a Japanese actor, mixed martial artist and professional wrestler known professionally as Masakatsu Funaki, who has previously wrestled in All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW), New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW), Pro Wrestling Fujiwara Gumi (PWFG), Newborn UWF (UWF), and Wrestle-1 (W-1).

Dana White

Dana
In 2004, UFC President Dana White would call Lee the "father of mixed martial arts" stating: "If you look at the way Bruce Lee trained, the way he fought, and many of the things he wrote, he said the perfect style was no style. You take a little something from everything. You take the good things from every different discipline, use what works, and you throw the rest away".
Dana Frederick White Jr. (born July 28, 1969) is an American businessman and the current President of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), which is the largest mixed martial arts (MMA) organization in the world.

Minoru Suzuki

Minoru
In Japan, the match inspired Inoki's students Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki to found Pancrase in 1993, which in turn inspired the foundation of Pride Fighting Championships in 1997.
Minoru Suzuki (born June 17, 1968) is a Japanese professional wrestler and mixed martial artist, currently working for New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) as a freelancer.

Gene LeBell

Gene and Mike LeBellLeBellThe Hangman
In 1963, a catch wrestler and judoka "Judo" Gene Lebell fought professional boxer Milo Savage in a no-holds-barred match.
Nicknamed "the Godfather of Grappling", LeBell is widely credit with popularizing grappling in professional fighting circles, serving as a precursor to modern mixed martial arts.

Zuffa

Zuffa, LLCZuffa LLCZuffa era
In 2007, Zuffa LLC, the owners of the UFC MMA promotion, bought Japanese rival MMA brand Pride FC, merging the contracted fighters under one promotion.
Zuffa, LLC is an American sports promotion company specializing in mixed martial arts.

Mixed martial arts rules

Unified Rules of Mixed Martial ArtsUnified Rules of MMAUnified Rules
MMA promoters were pressured to adopt additional rules to increase competitors' safety, to comply with sport regulations and to broaden mainstream acceptance of the sport.
Most rule sets for mixed martial arts competitions have evolved since the early days of vale tudo.

The Ultimate Fighter

TUFUltimate FighterThe Ultimate Fighter: The Comeback
In the United States, prior to the success of The Ultimate Fighter reality show that launched mixed martial arts into the mainstream media, there was no major coverage of female competitions.
The Ultimate Fighter is an American reality television series and mixed martial arts (MMA) competition produced by Fox Sports 1 and the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC).

Rick Roufus

Rick "The Jet" RoufusRick "Jet" RoufusRoufusport
In 1988 Rick Roufus challenged Changpuek Kiatsongrit to a non-title Muay Thai vs. kickboxing super fight.
He is one of the most famous kickboxers in America, and has also competed professionally in boxing and mixed martial arts.

Shooto

Shooto BrazilG-ShootoInternational Shooto Commission
Japan had its own form of mixed martial arts discipline, Shooto, which evolved from shoot wrestling in 1985, as well as the shoot wrestling derivative Pancrase, which was founded as a promotion in 1993.
Shooto is a combat sport and mixed martial arts organization that is governed by the Shooto Association and the International Shooto Commission.

World Extreme Cagefighting

WECWorld Extreme Cagefighting (WEC)World Extreme Cage Fighting
Since the UFC came to prominence in mainstream media in 2006, and with their 2007 merger with Pride FC and purchases of WEC and Strikeforce, no companies have presented significant competition, and the UFC is regarded as having most of the top ranked talent.
World Extreme Cagefighting (WEC) was an American mixed martial arts (MMA) promotion founded in 2001.

Strikeforce (mixed martial arts)

StrikeforceSFStrikeforce Grand Prix
Since the UFC came to prominence in mainstream media in 2006, and with their 2007 merger with Pride FC and purchases of WEC and Strikeforce, no companies have presented significant competition, and the UFC is regarded as having most of the top ranked talent.
Strikeforce was an American mixed martial arts and kickboxing organization based in San Jose, California which operated from 1985 to 2013.

World Fighting Alliance

WFAWFA 3: Level 3World Fighting Alliance (WFA)
The World Fighting Alliance (WFA) was a mixed martial arts organization based in the United States.

UFC 66

UFC 66: Liddell vs. OrtizUFC 66: Liddell vs. Ortiz 266
The sport reached a new peak of popularity in North America in December 2006: a rematch between then UFC light heavyweight champion Chuck Liddell and former champion Tito Ortiz, rivaled the PPV sales of some of the biggest boxing events of all time, and helped the UFC's 2006 PPV gross surpass that of any promotion in PPV history.
UFC 66: Liddell vs. Ortiz was a mixed martial arts (MMA) pay-per-view event held by the Ultimate Fighting Championship on December 30, 2006 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada.