Making a saline water solution by dissolving table salt (NaCl) in water. The salt is the solute and the water the solvent.
A diagram representing at the microscopic level the differences between homogeneous mixtures, heterogeneous mixtures, compounds, and elements
Water is a good solvent because the molecules are polar and capable of forming hydrogen bonds (1).

In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.

- Solution (chemistry)

A mixture is the physical combination of two or more substances in which the identities are retained and are mixed in the form of solutions, suspensions and colloids.

- Mixture
Making a saline water solution by dissolving table salt (NaCl) in water. The salt is the solute and the water the solvent.

3 related topics

Alpha

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Colloid

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Colloidal silica gel with light opalescence
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Examples of a stable and of an unstable colloidal dispersion.
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Measurement principle of multiple light scattering coupled with vertical scanning
Aerogel
Jello cubes
Whipped cream
Mist
Tyndall effect in an opalite: it scatters blue light making it appear blue from the side, but orange light shines through; opal is a gel in which water is dispersed in silica crystals
Milk - emulsion of liquid butterfat globules dispersed in water

A colloid is a mixture in which one substance consisting of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.

A colloid has a dispersed phase and a continuous phase, whereas in a solution, the solute and solvent constitute only one phase.

A suspension of flour mixed in a glass of water, showing the Tyndall effect

Suspension (chemistry)

A suspension of flour mixed in a glass of water, showing the Tyndall effect

In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture of a fluid that contains solid particles sufficiently large for sedimentation.

A suspension is a heterogeneous mixture in which the solute particles do not dissolve, but get suspended throughout the bulk of the solvent, left floating around freely in the medium.

An oil painting of a chemist (Ana Kansky, painted by Henrika Šantel in 1932)

Chemistry

Scientific study of the properties and behavior of matter.

Scientific study of the properties and behavior of matter.

An oil painting of a chemist (Ana Kansky, painted by Henrika Šantel in 1932)
Laboratory, Institute of Biochemistry, University of Cologne in Germany.
Solutions of substances in reagent bottles, including ammonium hydroxide and nitric acid, illuminated in different colors
A diagram of an atom based on the Bohr model
Standard form of the periodic table of chemical elements. The colors represent different categories of elements
Carbon dioxide (CO2), an example of a chemical compound
A ball-and-stick representation of the caffeine molecule (C8H10N4O2).
A 2-D structural formula of a benzene molecule (C6H6)
Diagram showing relationships among the phases and the terms used to describe phase changes.
An animation of the process of ionic bonding between sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl) to form sodium chloride, or common table salt. Ionic bonding involves one atom taking valence electrons from another (as opposed to sharing, which occurs in covalent bonding)
In the methane molecule (CH4), the carbon atom shares a pair of valence electrons with each of the four hydrogen atoms. Thus, the octet rule is satisfied for C-atom (it has eight electrons in its valence shell) and the duet rule is satisfied for the H-atoms (they have two electrons in their valence shells).
Emission spectrum of iron
During chemical reactions, bonds between atoms break and form, resulting in different substances with different properties. In a blast furnace, iron oxide, a compound, reacts with carbon monoxide to form iron, one of the chemical elements, and carbon dioxide.
The crystal lattice structure of potassium chloride (KCl), a salt which is formed due to the attraction of K+ cations and Cl− anions. Note how the overall charge of the ionic compound is zero.
Hydrogen bromide exists in the gas phase as a diatomic molecule
Democritus' atomist philosophy was later adopted by Epicurus (341–270 BCE).
15th-century artistic impression of Jābir ibn Hayyān (Geber), a Perso-Arab alchemist and pioneer in organic chemistry.
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier is considered the "Father of Modern Chemistry".
In his periodic table, Dmitri Mendeleev predicted the existence of 7 new elements, and placed all 60 elements known at the time in their correct places.
Top: Expected results: alpha particles passing through the plum pudding model of the atom undisturbed. 
Bottom: Observed results: a small portion of the particles were deflected, indicating a small, concentrated charge.

Matter can be a pure chemical substance or a mixture of substances.

Molar concentration is the amount of a particular substance per volume of solution, and is commonly reported in mol/dm3.