Mockup

mock-upmock upEnvisionmentmockmocked-upmockups
In manufacturing and design, a mockup, or mock-up, is a scale or full-size model of a design or device, used for teaching, demonstration, design evaluation, promotion, and other purposes.wikipedia
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Prototype

prototypingprototypesprototypical
A mockup is a prototype if it provides at least part of the functionality of a system and enables testing of a design.
The most common use of the word prototype is a functional, although experimental, version of a non-military machine (e.g., automobiles, domestic appliances, consumer electronics) whose designers would like to have built by mass production means, as opposed to a mockup, which is an inert representation of a machine's appearance, often made of some non-durable substance.

Human factors and ergonomics

ergonomicshuman factorsergonomic
Mockups are often used to test human factors and aerodynamics, for example.

Wire-frame model

wireframewire-framewire frame
In this context, mockups include wire-frame models.

Human-in-the-loop

HITLhumanhuman in the loop
HITL models may conform to human factors requirements as in the case of a mockup.

Manufacturing

manufacturermanufacturemanufacturers
In manufacturing and design, a mockup, or mock-up, is a scale or full-size model of a design or device, used for teaching, demonstration, design evaluation, promotion, and other purposes.

Design

design processdesign firmdesigning
In manufacturing and design, a mockup, or mock-up, is a scale or full-size model of a design or device, used for teaching, demonstration, design evaluation, promotion, and other purposes.

Scale model

model kitscalemodel
In manufacturing and design, a mockup, or mock-up, is a scale or full-size model of a design or device, used for teaching, demonstration, design evaluation, promotion, and other purposes.

Design tool

Mockups are used as design tools virtually everywhere a new product is designed.

Wind tunnel

wind tunnelswind-tunnelwindtunnel
Mockups are used in the automotive device industry as part of the product development process, where dimensions, overall impression, and shapes are tested in a wind tunnel experiment.

Website wireframe

wireframewireframeswireframing
Mockups, wireframes and prototypes are not so cleanly distinguished in software and systems engineering, where mockups are a way of designing user interfaces on paper or in computer images.

Software engineering

software engineersoftware engineerssoftware
Mockups, wireframes and prototypes are not so cleanly distinguished in software and systems engineering, where mockups are a way of designing user interfaces on paper or in computer images.

Systems engineering

systems engineersystem engineeringsystems
Mockups, wireframes and prototypes are not so cleanly distinguished in software and systems engineering, where mockups are a way of designing user interfaces on paper or in computer images.

User interface

UIinterfaceweb interface
Mockups, wireframes and prototypes are not so cleanly distinguished in software and systems engineering, where mockups are a way of designing user interfaces on paper or in computer images.

Source code

codesourcesource file
In many cases it is best to design or prototype the user interface before source code is written or hardware is built, to avoid having to go back and make expensive changes.

Proprietary software

ProprietaryClosed sourceclosed-source
A large selection of proprietary or open-source software tools are available for this purpose.

Open-source software

open sourceopen-sourceopen source software
A large selection of proprietary or open-source software tools are available for this purpose.

Aerodynamics

aerodynamicaerodynamicistsubsonic
Mockups are often used to test human factors and aerodynamics, for example.

Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

F-35 Lightning IIF-35F-35B Lightning II
They can also be used for public display and demonstration purposes prior to the development of a prototype, as with the case of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II mock-up aircraft.

Commercial art

commercial artistcommercial illustratorcommercial
Mockups are used in the consumer goods industry as part of the product development process, where dimensions, human factors, overall impression, and commercial art are tested in marketing research.

Marketing research

consumer researchresearchmarket research
Mockups are used in the consumer goods industry as part of the product development process, where dimensions, human factors, overall impression, and commercial art are tested in marketing research.

Unit testing

unit testunit testsunit
Mockups are often used to create unit tests - there they are usually called mock objects.

Mock object

mockingFake objectmock
Mockups are often used to create unit tests - there they are usually called mock objects.