Modern Paganism

NeopaganNeopaganismneo-paganmodern Paganneo-paganismPaganNeopaganscontemporary pagancontemporary PaganismNeo-Pagans
Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism and Neopaganism, is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East.wikipedia
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Paganism

paganpagansheathen
Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism and Neopaganism, is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East.
Most modern pagan religions existing today (Modern or Neopaganism ) express a world view that is pantheistic, polytheistic or animistic; but some are monotheistic.

Pagan studies

studied in academic scholarship
From the 1990s onwards, scholars studying the modern Pagan movement have established the academic field of Pagan studies.
Pagan studies is the multidisciplinary academic field devoted to the study of contemporary Paganism, a broad assortment of modern religious movements, which are typically influenced by or claiming to be derived from the various pagan beliefs of premodern Europe.

New Age

New Age movementnew-ageNew Age spirituality
Contemporary Paganism has sometimes been associated with the New Age movement, with scholars highlighting both similarities and differences.
The New Age has generated criticism from established Christian organisations as well as modern Pagan and indigenous communities.

European Congress of Ethnic Religions

World Congress of Ethnic Religions
Some favor the term "ethnic religion" over "Paganism" – for instance the World Pagan Congress, founded in 1998, soon renamed itself the European Congress of Ethnic Religions – enjoying that term's association with the Greek ethnos and the academic field of ethnology.
The primary goal of the ECER is the strengthening of pre-Christian religious traditions of Europe, emphasizing and fostering their ties with Neopagan movements.

Polytheism

polytheisticpolytheistspolytheist
Polytheism, animism and pantheism are common features in Pagan theology.
Important polytheistic religions practiced today include Taoism, Shenism, Hinduism, Japanese Shinto, Santeria, and various neopagan faiths.

Ronald Hutton

Hutton, RonaldHutton, RHutton, R.
Several academics operating in Pagan studies, such as Ronald Hutton and Sabina Magliocco, have emphasized the use of the upper-case "Paganism" to distinguish the modern movement from the lower-case "paganism", a term which is commonly used for pre-Christian belief systems.
Ronald Hutton (born 1953) is an English historian who specialises in Early Modern Britain, British folklore, pre-Christian religion and contemporary Paganism.

Animism

animistanimisticanimists
Polytheism, animism and pantheism are common features in Pagan theology.
Some members of the non-tribal world also consider themselves animists (such as author Daniel Quinn, sculptor Lawson Oyekan and many contemporary Pagans).

Oberon Zell-Ravenheart

Oberon ZellOberon Zell RavenheartThe editor
The modern popularisation of the terms pagan and neopagan, as they are currently understood, is largely traced to Oberon Zell-Ravenheart, co-founder of the 1st Neo-Pagan Church of All Worlds who, beginning in 1967 with the early issues of Green Egg, used both terms for the growing movement.
Oberon Zell-Ravenheart (born Timothy Zell, November 30, 1942, St. Louis, Missouri; formerly known as Otter G'Zell) is a Neopagan writer, speaker and religious leader.

Sabina Magliocco

Magliocco, Sabina
Several academics operating in Pagan studies, such as Ronald Hutton and Sabina Magliocco, have emphasized the use of the upper-case "Paganism" to distinguish the modern movement from the lower-case "paganism", a term which is commonly used for pre-Christian belief systems.
She is an author of non-fiction books and journal articles about folklore, religion, religious festivals, foodways, witchcraft and Neo-Paganism in Europe and the United States.

Green Egg

Green Egg Magazine
The modern popularisation of the terms pagan and neopagan, as they are currently understood, is largely traced to Oberon Zell-Ravenheart, co-founder of the 1st Neo-Pagan Church of All Worlds who, beginning in 1967 with the early issues of Green Egg, used both terms for the growing movement.
Green Egg is a Neopagan magazine published by the Church of All Worlds intermittently since 1968.

Romuva (religion)

RomuvaLithuanian neo-paganspagan
On the reconstructionist side can be placed those movements which often favour the designation "Native Faith", including Romuva, Heathenry, and Hellenism.
Romuva is a modern reinstitution of the traditional ethnic religion of the Baltic peoples, reviving the ancient religious practices of the Lithuanians before their Christianization in 1387.

Adonism

On the eclectic side has been placed Wicca, Thelema, Adonism, Druidry, the Goddess Movement, Discordianism and the Radical Faeries.
Adonism is a Neopagan religion founded in 1925 by the German esotericist Franz Sättler (1884 – c.1942), who often went by the pseudonym of Dr. Musalam.

Goddess movement

GoddessGoddess spiritualityGoddess worship
On the eclectic side has been placed Wicca, Thelema, Adonism, Druidry, the Goddess Movement, Discordianism and the Radical Faeries.
The Goddess movement includes spiritual beliefs or practices (chiefly neopagan) which emerged predominantly in North America, Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand in the 1970s.

Dievturība

DievturiCongregation of Latvian DievturiLatvijas Dievturu sadraudze
He cites the example of Dievturība, a form of reconstructionist Paganism that seeks to revive the pre-Christian religion of the Latvian people, by noting that it exhibits eclectic tendencies by adopting a monotheistic focus and ceremonial structure from Lutheranism.
Dievturība is a Neopagan religious movement which claims to be a modern revival of the folk religion of the Latvians before Christianization in the 13th century.

Shamanism

shamanshamansshamanic
Similarly, while examining neo-shamanism among the Sami people of Northern Scandinavia, Siv Ellen Kraft highlights that despite the religion being reconstructionist in intent, it is highly eclectic in the manner in which it has adopted elements from shamanic traditions in other parts of the world.
It has affected the development of many neopagan practices, as well as faced a backlash and accusations of cultural appropriation, exploitation and misrepresentation when outside observers have tried to represent cultures to which they do not belong.

Radical Faeries

Radical FaerieEurofaeriesfairies
On the eclectic side has been placed Wicca, Thelema, Adonism, Druidry, the Goddess Movement, Discordianism and the Radical Faeries.
Sometimes deemed a form of modern Paganism, the movement also adopts elements from anarchism and environmentalism.

New religious movement

new religious movementsnew religionsmodern religious movements
Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism and Neopaganism, is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East.
In the 1940s, Gerald Gardner began to outline the modern pagan religion of Wicca.

Secular paganism

humanistic or atheopagans
Some Pagans distinguish their beliefs and practices as a form of religious naturalism, embracing a naturalistic worldview, including those who identify as humanistic or atheopagans.
Secular paganism or humanistic paganism upholds virtues and principles associated with paganism, such as respect for living creatures and the Earth itself, while rejecting belief in deities.

Nature religion

nature worshipspirit power
A number of academics, particularly in North America, have considered modern Paganism to be a form of nature religion.
It also includes contemporary Pagan faiths which are primarily concentrated in Europe and North America.

Michael York (religious studies scholar)

Michael YorkYork, Michael
Various Pagans – including those like Michael York and Prudence Jones who are active in Pagan studies – have argued that, due to similarities in their respective spiritual world-views, the modern Pagan movement can be treated as part of the same global phenomenon as both pre-Christian religion, living indigenous religions, and world religions like Hinduism, Shinto, and Afro-American religions.
Michael York is a UK-based American Religious Studies scholar who specializes in the study of pre-Christian European religion and its relation to contemporary Paganism.

Starhawk

Miriam Simos
The prominent Reclaiming priestess Starhawk related that a core part of goddess-centred pagan witchcraft was "the understanding that all being is interrelated, that we are all linked with the cosmos as parts of one living organism. What affects one of us affects us all."
She is known as a theorist of feminist Neopaganism and ecofeminism.

Eclectic Paganism

Eclectic Paganism takes an undogmatic religious stance, and therefore potentially sees no one as having authority to deem a source apocryphal.
Eclectic Paganism, also occasionally termed Universalist or Non-denominational Paganism, is a form of modern Paganism where practitioners will blend paganism with aspects of other religions or philosophies.

Wheel of the Year

SabbatMaboncross-quarter day
In Wicca, a Wheel of the Year has been developed which typically involves eight seasonal festivals.
The Wheel of the Year is an annual cycle of seasonal festivals, observed by many modern Pagans, consisting of the year's chief solar events (solstices and equinoxes) and the midpoints between them.

Thelema

ThelemicThelemiteThelemites
On the eclectic side has been placed Wicca, Thelema, Adonism, Druidry, the Goddess Movement, Discordianism and the Radical Faeries.
Aspects of Thelema and Crowley's thought in general inspired the development of Wicca and, to a certain degree, the rise of Modern Paganism as a whole, as well as chaos magick and Satanism.

Heathenry (new religious movement)

Germanic neopaganismHeathenryOdinism
On the reconstructionist side can be placed those movements which often favour the designation "Native Faith", including Romuva, Heathenry, and Hellenism.
Heathenry, also termed Heathenism, contemporary Germanic Paganism, or Germanic Neopaganism, is a modern Pagan religion.