Modified gross national income
modified GNIGNI*Modified GNI*162%modified Gross National Income (GNI)
Modified gross national income, Modified GNI or GNI* was created by the Central Bank of Ireland in February 2017 as a new way to measure the Irish economy, and Irish indebtedness, due to the considerable distortion that the base erosion and profit shifting ("BEPS") tools of U.S. multinational tax schemes, were having on Irish GNP and Irish GDP. While a "distorted GDP-per-capita" is a known feature of corporate–tax havens, Ireland was the first to replace its GDP/GNP metrics.wikipedia
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