Mohammad Ali Samatar

Muhammad Ali SamatarMohamed Ali SamatarAli SamatarMohamed Ali Samantar
Mohamed Ali Samatar (Maxamed Cali Samatar; 1 January 1931 – 19 August 2016), also known as Ali Samatar was a Somali politician and lieutenant general.wikipedia
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Supreme Revolutionary Council (Somalia)

Supreme Revolutionary CouncilSomali Women's Democratic Organization1969–1976; 1980–1991
A senior member of the Supreme Revolutionary Council, he also served as the Prime Minister of Somalia from 1 February 1987 to 3 September 1990. Samatar was a member of President Siad Barre's ruling Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC).

Somali Armed Forces

Somali National ArmySomali ArmySomali military
A lieutenant general in the Somali National Army (SNA), Samatar was a key figure in Somali politics throughout the 1970s and 1980s.
Major General Samantar (Mohammad Ali Samatar) was not only commander of the National Army – and therefore commander of the organizationally subordinated navy and air force- but also secretary of state for defence and a vice president of SRC and thus a member of the major decision-making body of the government.

List of prime ministers of Somalia

Prime Minister of SomaliaPrime MinisterDeputy Prime Minister
A senior member of the Supreme Revolutionary Council, he also served as the Prime Minister of Somalia from 1 February 1987 to 3 September 1990.

Vice President of Somalia

Vice President
Samatar, who was then serving as Vice President of Somalia, subsequently served as de facto head of state for the next several months.

Abdullahi Ahmed Irro

Abdullahi Yusuf Irro
Col. Abdullahi Ahmed Irro commanded SNA in the Godey Front.
Irro subsequently returned to Somalia where he worked in the office of the central command and the directorate of planning under Daud Abdulle Hirsi, and Siad Barre in 1960s, and later under Mohammad Ali Samatar and Abdullah Mohamed Fadil

Somali Civil War

civil warSomaliaSomalian Civil War
Following the outbreak of the civil war in 1991 and the collapse of the Barre regime, Samatar moved to the United States in order to escape persecution as a member of the former government.
Lieutenant General Mohamed Ali Samatar, then Vice President, subsequently served as de facto head of state for the next several months.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
Samatar was a member of President Siad Barre's ruling Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC).
Lieutenant General Mohamed Ali Samatar, then Vice President, subsequently served as de facto head of state for the next several months.

Samantar v. Yousuf

Samatar v. YousufYousuf v. Samantar
On June 1, 2010, in Samantar v. Yousuf, the United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that, although Samatar's argument was "literally possible," FSIA did not cover the issue of an official's claim to immunity.
Samantar v. Yousuf, 560 U.S. 305 (2010), is a decision by the United States Supreme Court concerning whether Muhammad Ali Samatar, prime minister of Somalia under dictator Siad Barre from 1987 to 1990, could be sued in United States courts for allegedly overseeing killings and other atrocities.

Ministry of Defence (Somalia)

Minister of DefenceMinister of DefenseDefense Minister
He also served as national Defense Minister from 1980 to 1986.

Abdullah Mohamed Fadil

In the 1970s Abdullah Mohamed Fadil and Muhammad Ali Samatar advised President Barre to select top Frunze graduates to lead the campaign in Ogaden against Ethiopia to liberate Somali territories and restore the greater Somalia.

Abdirizak Mohamud Abubakar

He was selected by the commanding officers to be part of the Supreme Revolutionary Council in 1969 along with his seniors Muhammad Ali Samatar, Abdullah Mohamed Fadil and others under the leadership of the Chief Commanding Officer Siad Barre.

Ogaden War

Ethio-Somali WarOgaden campaign1977–1978 conflict with Ethiopia
During the Ogaden campaign of the late 1970s, he led all SNA units and their Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF) affiliates.

Kismayo

KismayuKismaayoKisimayo
He was born in Kismayo in southern Somalia.

Military academies in Russia

Frunze Military AcademyLenin Military-Political AcademyFrunze Academy
For his post-secondary education, Samatar studied at the Frunze Military Academy in the former Soviet Union (Военная академия им.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
For his post-secondary education, Samatar studied at the Frunze Military Academy in the former Soviet Union (Военная академия им.

Warsaw Pact

Soviet blocWarsaw TreatyEastern Bloc
М. В. Фрунзе), an elite institution reserved for the most qualified officers of the Warsaw Pact armies and their allies.

Western Somali Liberation Front

WSLFWest Somali Liberation FrontWestern Somali
During the Ogaden campaign of the late 1970s, he led all SNA units and their Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF) affiliates.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
In May 1986, Barre suffered serious injuries in a life-threatening automobile accident near Mogadishu, when the car that was transporting him smashed into the back of a bus during a heavy rainstorm.

Saudi Arabia

SaudiKingdom of Saudi ArabiaKSA
He was treated in a hospital in Saudi Arabia for head injuries, broken ribs and shock over a period of a month.

Vasily Petrov (marshal)

Vasily PetrovMarshal of the Soviet Union Vasily Ivanovich PetrovVasily Ivanovich Petrov
He and his frontline deputies faced off against their mentor and former Frunze alumni Marshal Vasily Ivanovich Petrov, who was assigned by the USSR to advise the Ethiopian Army, in addition to 15,000 Cuban troops supporting Ethiopia, led by General Arnaldo Ochoa.

Ethiopian National Defense Force

Ethiopian ArmyEthiopian troopsEthiopian Armed Forces
He and his frontline deputies faced off against their mentor and former Frunze alumni Marshal Vasily Ivanovich Petrov, who was assigned by the USSR to advise the Ethiopian Army, in addition to 15,000 Cuban troops supporting Ethiopia, led by General Arnaldo Ochoa.