Mohammed Abdullah Hassan

Mad MullahSayyid Mohammed Abdullah HassanMuhammad Abdullah HassanAbdullah HassanMohamed Abdullah HassanMohammed bin AbdullahAl-Sayyīd Muhammad `Abd Allāh al-HasanMuhammad AbdileMullahMullah" Hassan
Mohamed Abdullah Hassan (Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan; (1868 – 1920) was a Somali religious and patriotic leader.wikipedia
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Nur Ahmed Aman

Sultan Nur Ahmed AmanSultan NurSultan Nur Aman
The news of the incident that sparked the Dervish rebellion and the 21 years disturbance according to the consul-general James Hayes Sadler was either spread or as he alleged was concocted by Sultan Nur of the Habr Yunis.
In mid-February 1899, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, later the spiritual head of the Dervish movement, for the first time came to the attention of the British authority at Berbera.

Burao

BurcoBuro
Accordingly, British Lt. Col. Eric John Eagles Swayne assembled a force of 1,500 Somali soldiers led by 21 European officers and started from Burco on 22 May 1901, while an Ethiopian army of 15,000 soldiers started from Harar to join the British forces intent on crushing the 20,000 Dervish fighters (of whom 40 percent were cavalry).
In the end of late August of that year the Dervish leaders and their clan followers assembled at Burao, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan with his followers from the Dhulbahante, the various Habar Jeclo sub clans with their principle headman Haji Sudi, and Sultan Nur Ahmed Aman with his followers from the Habr Yunis clan, declared open hostility.

Charles Egerton (Indian Army officer)

Charles EgertonSir Charles EgertonCharles Comyn Egerton
On 9 January 1904, at the Jidaale (Jidballi) plain, the British Commander, General Charles Egerton, killed 1,000 Dervish.
Egerton took command of the troops in British Somaliland fighting the Somalis under Mohammed Abdullah Hassan in June 1903; he had a significant success at Jidbali in January 1904 killing 1,000 of Hassan's men.

Somaliland Camel Corps

Camel CorpsCamel ConstabularySomali Camel Corps
In 1914, the Somaliland Camel Corps was founded as an expanded and improved version of the constabulary.
By 1899, the religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's (The "Mad Mullah") Dervish resistance had begun.

Taleh

TaleexTaleeh
During 1910–1914, the dervish capital moved from Illig to Taleh in the heart of Nugal where the dervish built three garrison forts of massive stone work and a number of houses.
The town is sometimes referred to as the "Sayyid's capital" or "Mullah's capital" referring to the founder of the Dervish state, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan.

Hastings Ismay, 1st Baron Ismay

Hastings IsmayGeneral IsmayLord Ismay
Among the British officers deployed was Adrian Carton de Wiart (later Lieutenant General), who lost an eye during the campaign, and Hastings Ismay, a staff officer who was later Winston Churchill's chief military adviser.
During the First World War, he served with the Camel Corps in British Somaliland, where he joined in the British fight against the "Mad Mullah", Mohammed Abdullah Hassan.

Eric John Eagles Swayne

Accordingly, British Lt. Col. Eric John Eagles Swayne assembled a force of 1,500 Somali soldiers led by 21 European officers and started from Burco on 22 May 1901, while an Ethiopian army of 15,000 soldiers started from Harar to join the British forces intent on crushing the 20,000 Dervish fighters (of whom 40 percent were cavalry).
The Somali patriot leader Sheikh Haji Mohammed Abdullah Hassan was known by the British at the time as the "Mad Mullah" since he would not accept colonial rule.

Garhajis

Habar YoonisHabr YunisEidagale
The news of the incident that sparked the Dervish rebellion and the 21 years disturbance according to the consul-general James Hayes Sadler was either spread or as he alleged was concocted by Sultan Nur of the Habr Yunis.
Among the prominent members of the Dervish was the Sultan of the Habar Yunis, Nur Ahmed Aman, whose letter to Mohammed Abdullah Hassan initiated the Dervish rebillion.

Werder, Ethiopia

WerderWardheerUarder
By 1913, the dervish dominated the entire hinterland of the Somali peninsula building forts at Jildali and Mirashi, and at Werder in the Ogaden and Beledweyne in southern Somalia.
One of the forts Mohammed Abdullah Hassan constructed in 1910 was built here, following the relocation of his capital to Taleex the year before, allowing him to consolidate his control over the Ogaden.

Adrian Carton de Wiart

Carton de WiartSir Adrian Carton de Wiart Lieutenant General Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart, VC, KBE, CB, CMG, DSO
Among the British officers deployed was Adrian Carton de Wiart (later Lieutenant General), who lost an eye during the campaign, and Hastings Ismay, a staff officer who was later Winston Churchill's chief military adviser.
When the First World War broke out, Carton de Wiart was en route to British Somaliland where a low-level war was underway against the followers of Mohammed bin Abdullah, called the "Mad Mullah" by the British.

Somali nationalism

Pan-Somalismnationalismnationalist
Hassan has thus become more than just a token of pride for the various sectional groups in Somalia, but has also been seen by some as icon of Pan-Somalism, at times even distinguished as one of the great revolutionaries of the turn of the 20th century by notable Pan-Africanist movements, who led the Senussid resistance against the Italians.
The ideology's earliest manifestations are often traced back to the resistance movement led by Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish movement at the turn of the 20th century.

Salihiyya

Salihiya
In Berbera, Hassan could not succeed in spreading the teaching of the Salihiyya order due to the hostility of the local Qadiriyyah inhabitants to the Ahmedia order the head order of the Salhiya which is only a sub brand of the Ahmediya.
Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, a Salihiyya shaykh and poet, spread the Salihiyya (particularly in Ogaden) and led an armed anticolonial resistance movement in the Horn of Africa under the auspices of the order.

Richard Corfield

The dead included the British officer who commanded the constabulary, Colonel Richard Corfield.
There Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, referred by the British as "the Mad Mullah", was inciting local people against the British.

Majeerteen

MajerteenIsmaan SultanateMajeerteen Sultanate
This defeat forced Sayyid and his remaining men to flee to Majeerteen country.
The relationship between the Sultanate of Hobyo and Italy soured when Sultan Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces.

Dul Madoba

Battle of Dul Madoba
On 9 August 1913, at the Battle of Dul Madoba, a Dervish force raided the Dolbahanta clan and killed or wounded 57 members of the 110-man Somaliland Camel Constabulary.
The battle took place on 4 August 1913, between 110 men of the Camel Constabulary of British Somaliland and 300 Dhulbahante tribesmen, commanded by Colonel Richard Corfield, and some 2,750 well-armed Dervish followers of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, nicknamed by the British as the Mad Mullah.

Horn of Africa

HornSomali peninsulanortheastern Africa
Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish State successfully repulsed the British Empire four times and forced it to retreat to the coastal region.

Dervish movement (Somali)

Dervish StateDervish movementDervish
He established the Dervish movement in Somalia that fought a 20-year war against the British, Italian, and Ethiopian empires.
It was led by the Salihiyya Sufi Muslim poet and militant leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, also known as Sayyid Mohamed, who aimed for the removal of the colonial state and foreign infidels, the defeat of the Ethiopian forces supporting the colonial powers, and the creation of a Muslim state.

Imi, Ethiopia

ImiEast Imi
On 21 December 1920, Hassan died of influenza at the age of 64, his grave is believed to be somewhere close to Imi town of the Somali region of Ethiopia; however, the exact spot of the Sayid's grave is unknown.
A local landmark in Imi is the tomb of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, known as "Mad Mullah"; he died in 1921, but by the 1930s his tomb had become a shapeless heap of rubble.

Bashir Yussuf

Yussuf, who is said to have been related to Sayyid Mohammed Abdullah Hassan on his mother's side, was devoutly religious and of a philosophical nature, a conscientious practitioner of the mystical sect of Salihiyya.

John Gough (VC)

John GoughSir John GoughJ. E. Gough
On 22 April 1903, Gough was in command of a column on the march which was attacked by an enemy force in superior numbers led by Mohammed Abdullah Hassan near Daratoleh, British Somaliland.

Alexander Cobbe

Alexander Stanhope CobbeLt-Gen Sir Alexander CobbeSir Alexander Cobbe
The Mullah (Mohammed Abdullah Hassan) had been agitating against British rule in the Somaliland protectorate since 1899 and in 1901 a first British expedition beat him and his Dervish forces and caused him to retreat into the desert interior.

Haji Sudi

In mid-February 1899 Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, later the spiritual head of the Dervish movement, for the first time came to the attention of the British authority at Berbera.

Guled Casowe

Most of the people who knew the exact location of Hassan's tomb were long dead, but the Regional Information Minister Guled Casowe told VOA Somali Section that a few, very old individuals might be left and they would be able to reveal the details of the Hassan's grave.
On his effort to promote Somali Culture and history, he began rebuilding the Castle of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan.

Hasna Doreh

Darawiishaad
Doreh was the wife and commander of the Somali nationalist and religious leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, the latter of whom assigned her one of the nine divisions of the Dervish army.

Douglas James Jardine

Sir Douglas JardineJardine, Douglas J.Sir Douglas James Jardine
Three years later, he published The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, his book on the Somali rebel leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, the so-called "Mad Mullah" who led an armed resistance against British, Italian, and Ethiopian forces in Somalia.