A report on Mohammed bin Salman

Mohammed bin Salman in 2019
Mohammed bin Salman in 2019
Mohammed bin Salman with US Secretary of State John Kerry and Adel al-Jubeir, 13 June 2016
President Donald Trump speaks with bin Salman, Washington, D.C., 14 March 2017
Bin Salman with the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, at the 2016 G20 Hangzhou summit
Bin Salman with President Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner and daughter Ivanka Trump, U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, and White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus, Riyadh, May 2017
Bin Salman at the 2019 G20 Osaka summit
Portraits of King Salman and Prince Mohammed at the Jenadriyah festival
Palestinians protest in the Gaza Strip, 9 December 2017
Protest in London against bin Salman's state visit to the UK, 7 March 2018
U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis with bin Salman, 22 March 2018
President Donald Trump with bin Salman in June 2019
Bin Salman with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, on 16 October 2018
Ahmad Asiri (right) and bin Salman (left) in 2016
Bin Salman with Nicolas Sarkozy, former President of France, and Juan Carlos Varela, former President of Panama, at the FIFA World Cup in Russia, 14 June 2018
Bin Salman with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro at the 2019 G20 Osaka summit
Bin Salman with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow, Russia on 14 June 2018
Bin Salman with U.S. President Joe Biden at the GCC+3 summit in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 16 July 2022

Saudi Arabian politician who is the crown prince, deputy prime minister, and minister of defense of Saudi Arabia.

- Mohammed bin Salman
Mohammed bin Salman in 2019

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Saudi Arabia

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Country on the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia.

Country on the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia.

Anthropomorphic stela (4th millennium BC), sandstone, 57x27 cm, from El-Maakir-Qaryat al-Kaafa (National Museum of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh)
The "Worshipping Servant" statue (2500 BC), above 1 m in height, is much taller than any possible Mesopotamian or Harappan models. Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Korea.
Qaṣr Al-Farīd, the largest of the 131 rock-cut monumental tombs built from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD, with their elaborately ornamented façades, at the extensive ancient Nabatean archaeological site of Hegra located in the area of Al-'Ula within Al Madinah Region in the Hejaz. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008.
Colossal statue from Al-'Ula in the Hejaz (6th–4th century BC), it followed the standardized artistic sculpting of the Lihyanite kingdom, the original statue was painted with white
At its greatest extent, the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) covered 11100000 km2 and 62 million people (29 per cent of the world's population), making it one of the largest empires in history in both area and proportion of the world's population. It was also larger than any previous empire in history.
The Battle of Badr, 13 March 624 CE
Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, the founding father and first king of Saudi Arabia
Political map of Saudi Arabia
Map of Saudi Arabian administrative regions and roadways
Map of oil and gas pipelines in the Middle-East
King Fahd with US President Ronald Reagan and future US President Donald Trump in 1985. The US and Saudi Arabia supplied money and arms to the anti-Soviet mujahideen fighters in Afghanistan.
As many as 500 princes, government ministers, and business people, including Prince Fahd bin Abdullah, were arrested by Saudi Arabian authorities as part of the 2017 Saudi Arabian purge
Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al ash-Sheikh with Bogdan Borusewicz in the Polish Senate, 26 May 2014
Verses from the Quran. The Quran is the official constitution of the country and a primary source of law. Saudi Arabia is unique in enshrining a religious text as a political document.
U.S. President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump with King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and the President of Egypt, Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, 21 May 2017
U.S. President Barack Obama meets King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, July 2014
Faisal Mosque in Islamabad is named after a Saudi king. The kingdom is a strong ally of Pakistan. WikiLeaks claimed that Saudis are "long accustomed to having a significant role in Pakistan's affairs".
Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir with then British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson (now Prime Minister) in London, 16 October 2016
Major Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict locations
Flag of Al-Qaeda, a transnational terrorist group formed by Osama bin Laden, a Saudi Arabian national of Yemeni and Syrian extraction who was stripped of his Saudi passport in 1994.
"The Saudi pilots training in Italy 1935"—a scene from 'Our Eagles', one of four video wall shows made for the Royal Saudi Air Force Museum
Saudi soldiers from the First Airborne Brigade.
Deera Square, central Riyadh. It is a former site of public be-headings.
Saudi Arabia topography
Harrat Khaybar seen from the International Space Station. Saudi Arabia is home to more than 2000 dormant volcanoes. Lava fields in Hejaz, known locally by their Arabic name of harrat (the singular is harrah), form one of Earth's largest alkali basalt regions, covering some 180000 km2, an area greater than the state of Missouri.
A proportional representation of Saudi Arabia exports, 2019
Office of Saudi Aramco, the world's most valuable company and the main source of revenue for the state
The hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims.
King Abdullah Financial Center is one of the largest investment centres in the Middle East, located in Riyadh
Al-Hasa is known for its palm trees and dates. Al-Hasa has over 30 million palm trees which produce over 100 thousand tons of dates every year.
Saudi Arabia population density (people per km2)
Laboratory buildings at KAUST
The Al-Yamamah Private University in Riyadh
UIS literacy rate Saudi Arabia population, 15 plus, 1990–2015
Historical development of life expectancy in Saudi Arabia
Supplicating pilgrim at Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (The Sacred Mosque) in Mecca. The Kaaba is the cubic building in front of the pilgrim.
Non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the Islamic holy city of Mecca
Sarah Attar is a track and field athlete who competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics as one of the first two female Olympians representing Saudi Arabia.
The Masjid al-Haram is the holiest Islamic site, located in Mecca
The Mosque of the Prophet in Medina containing the tomb of Muhammad
King Abdullah practising falconry, a traditional pursuit in the country
Arabic coffee is a traditional beverage in Arabian cuisine
Uruguay – Saudi Arabia match at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
The 3000-year-old ancient historical city of Dumat al-Jandal in Al Jawf Province
The old city of Jeddah
Jabal Sawda ({{convert|3000|m|ft|abbr=on|disp=or}}) located in the 'Asir subrange of the Sarat Mountains
Abha City, located {{convert|2270|m|ft|abbr=on}} above sea level in the 'Asir Region
Beach promenade in Al-Wajh
Dhi 'ain village located in Al Bahah Province
The desert of Al-Rub' Al-Khali (The Empty Quarter)
Saad Khader from left and right Mohammad Al-Ali in 1979

The current Minister of Defense is Prince Mohammad bin Salman, the son of King Salman and Crown Prince.

Khashoggi in March 2018

Jamal Khashoggi

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Khashoggi in March 2018
U.S. President Barack Obama participates in a roundtable interview after his speech A New Beginning on 4 June 2009, with, among others, Jamal Khashoggi, Bambang Harymurti and Nahum Barnea.
Khashoggi at a 2018 Project on Middle East Democracy forum called "Mohammed bin Salman's Saudi Arabia: A Deeper Look." on 21 March 2018
Khashoggi criticized the arrest of women's rights activist Loujain al-Hathloul in May 2018.
Khashoggi in Saudi Arabia in 2011
Prince Mohammed bin Salman and his advisor Ahmad Asiri (blamed for Khashoggi's death) meeting U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter, July 2016
U.S. Senator Ron Wyden at "Justice for Jamal: The United States and Saudi Arabia One Year After the Khashoggi Murder", the Project on Middle East Democracy (POMED) and 12 other human rights organizations held a public event on Capitol Hill to commemorate his life, to call for accountability, and to cast a light on the repression of those who are perceived to be critical of crown prince bin Salman and his regime.
A "Khashoggi Way" street sign put up in front of the White House by activists in February 2019

Jamal Ahmad Khashoggi (جمال أحمد خاشقجي,, Cemal Ahmet Kaşıkçı; 13 October 1958 – 2 October 2018) was a Saudi Arabian journalist, dissident, author, columnist for Middle East Eye and The Washington Post, and a general manager and editor-in-chief of Al-Arab News Channel who was assassinated at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on 2 October 2018 by agents of the Saudi government, allegedly at the behest of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

King Salman in 2020

Salman of Saudi Arabia

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King of Saudi Arabia, reigning since 23 January 2015.

King of Saudi Arabia, reigning since 23 January 2015.

King Salman in 2020
Governor Salman bin Abdulaziz with Vladimir Putin in 2007
Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz meeting with US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel in Riyadh, 9 December 2013
Crown Prince Salman meeting US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, 23 April 2013
US President Barack Obama shakes hands with King Salman, Riyadh, 27 January 2015
US Secretary of State John Kerry with Salman at Andrews Air Force Base in Camp Springs, Maryland, 3 September 2015
King Salman meeting the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, 16 November 2015.
Salman, US President Donald Trump, and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi touching a glowing globe at the 2017 Riyadh summit.
Prince Salman takes part in the traditional Saudi Ardha dance in the 1960s.
Salman in his youth
Prince Salman at the Pentagon in April 2012
Salman at the 2015 G20 Summit in Turkey, 15 September 2015
Vladimir Putin and King Salman in Kremlin, Moscow, 2017
Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil and King Salman of Saudi Arabia in October 2019
King Salman attending a Minister Council meeting in 2021

His son, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, is considered the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia.

Jamal Khashoggi in March 2018

Assassination of Jamal Khashoggi

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Assassinated by agents of the Saudi government at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.

Assassinated by agents of the Saudi government at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.

Jamal Khashoggi in March 2018
4 June 2009 − after his speech A New Beginning at Cairo University, U.S. President Obama participates in a roundtable interview with, among others, Jamal Khashoggi, Bambang Harymurti, and Nahum Barnea.
Saudi Arabian activist Ghanem al-Dosari at a protest outside the Natural History Museum, London, 11 October 2018, after the disappearance of Jamal Kashoggi. The Saudi embassy was holding a Saudi National Day celebration at the museum.
The Saudi consulate in Istanbul, 16 October 2018, after Khashoggi's disappearance.
Police cordon, in front of the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, after Khashoggi's disappearance.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meets with King Salman on 16 October 2018.
Ahmad Asiri (right) and Mohammed bin Salman (left) in 2016
Protest in front of the Consulate General of Saudi Arabia in Istanbul following the murder of Jamal Khashoggi.

Turkish investigators, as well as investigations by The New York Times, concluded that some of the 15 members of the Saudi hit team were closely connected to Mohammed bin Salman, the crown prince of Saudi Arabia, and that the team had traveled to Istanbul specifically to commit the murder.

Ethnoreligious groups in 2002. Zaydi Shi'a followers make up between 35% and 42.1% of Muslims in Yemen.

Saudi Arabian–led intervention in Yemen

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Intervention in the Yemeni Civil War in response to calls from the president of Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi for military support after he was ousted by the Houthi movement.

Intervention in the Yemeni Civil War in response to calls from the president of Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi for military support after he was ousted by the Houthi movement.

Ethnoreligious groups in 2002. Zaydi Shi'a followers make up between 35% and 42.1% of Muslims in Yemen.
King Salman of Saudi Arabia and Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir meet with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in September 2015
Saudi foreign minister Adel al-Jubeir announced a five-day ceasefire in Yemen, 8 May 2015
An airstrike in Sanaʽa,
11 May 2015
Protest against the military intervention in Yemen on 14 August 2020
Saudi Arabia's UK-supplied Eurofighter Typhoons are playing a central role in Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen.
The US Navy has actively participated in the Saudi-led naval blockade, which humanitarian organizations argue has been the main contributing factor to the outbreak of famine in Yemen.
Yemeni capital Sanaa after airstrikes, 9 October 2015
Protest against the military intervention in Yemen, New York City, December 2017
Protest outside 10 Downing Street against a visit by Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, London, March 2018
The conflict is exacerbating Yemen's water scarcity, Sanaa, 21 May 2015
An airstrike in Sanaʽa on a textile factory in July 2015 left more than 1,300 people unemployed (photo: A. Mojalli/VOA, November 2015)
Apartment building destroyed by a strike in Sanaa on 5 September 2015
Development of the number of IDPs and IDP returnees (January 2010 – June 2018)
"Let Yemen Live" protest at US and Saudi missions to the UN, New York City, December 2017
Yemen's former president Ali Abdullah Saleh was initially allied with Houthis, until they assassinated him on accounts of treason.
Yemen's President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 7 May 2015
Foreign Ministers of the U.S., the U.K., Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, before a working dinner focused on Yemen, 19 July 2016
Protesters against the US-backed Saudi-led war on Yemen were led away handcuffed by New York police outside the US mission to the UN on 11 December 2017
Registration of Indian citizens evacuating from Yemen, March 2015

On 26 March, Saudi state TV station Al-Ekhbariya TV reported that Hadi arrived at a Riyadh airbase and was met by Saudi Defense Minister Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud.

Prince Muhammad in January 2013

Muhammad bin Nayef

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Former Saudi Arabian politician and businessman who served as the crown prince and first deputy prime minister of Saudi Arabia from 2015 to 2017 and as the minister of interior from 2012 to 2017.

Former Saudi Arabian politician and businessman who served as the crown prince and first deputy prime minister of Saudi Arabia from 2015 to 2017 and as the minister of interior from 2012 to 2017.

Prince Muhammad in January 2013
Prince Muhammad in January 2013
Muhammad bin Nayef with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, 16 January 2013
Crown Prince Muhammad with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, 6 May 2015

On 21 June 2017 the king appointed his own son, Mohammed bin Salman, as crown prince and relieved Muhammad bin Nayef of all positions.

Saudi Vision 2030

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Strategic framework to reduce Saudi Arabia's dependence on oil, diversify its economy, and develop public service sectors such as health, education, infrastructure, recreation, and tourism.

Strategic framework to reduce Saudi Arabia's dependence on oil, diversify its economy, and develop public service sectors such as health, education, infrastructure, recreation, and tourism.

The first details were announced on 25 April 2016 by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman

2017–2019 Saudi Arabian purge

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Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman
Fahd bin Abdullah
Muhammad bin Nayef
Mutaib bin Abdullah
Salman al-Ouda

The 2017–19 Saudi Arabian purge was the mass arrest of a number of prominent Saudi Arabian princes, government ministers, and business people in Saudi Arabia on 4 November 2017 and the following few weeks after the creation of an anti-corruption committee led by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Tiger Squad

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The Tiger Squad (فرقة النمر, Firqat el-Nemr), officially called the Rapid Intervention Force (Arabic: قوة التدخل السريع, Quat al-Tadakhul al-Sarie), is a de jure protective security unit under the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman.

Military situation in Yemen in November 2021
 





(For a map of the military situation in Yemen and border areas in Saudi Arabia, see the detailed map here.)

Yemeni Civil War (2014–present)

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Ongoing multilateral civil war that began in late 2014 mainly between the Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi-led Yemeni government and the Houthi armed movement, along with their supporters and allies.

Ongoing multilateral civil war that began in late 2014 mainly between the Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi-led Yemeni government and the Houthi armed movement, along with their supporters and allies.

Military situation in Yemen in November 2021
 





(For a map of the military situation in Yemen and border areas in Saudi Arabia, see the detailed map here.)
Three Saudi F-15Cs from 13th Squadron
Houthi offensive on Aden
Pro-government counteroffensive
President Hadi meets U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 7 May 2015
Saudi soldier from the First Airborne Brigade conversing with an Emirati soldier in Yemen, June 2016.
A pro-Saleh protest in Sanaa against the Saudi-led intervention, March 2016
Protest against the war in Yemen on 14 August 2020
Destroyed house in the south of Sanaa, 13 June 2015
Yemeni capital Sanaa after airstrikes, 9 October 2015
Registration of Indian citizens evacuating from Yemen in March 2015
Code Pink anti-war activists protest U.S. Senators supporting Saudi-U.S. arms deals, December 2017

On 26 March 2015, he resurfaced in the Saudi capital, Riyadh, where he arrived by plane and was met by Saudi Prince Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud.