The Principality of Moldavia and the modern boundaries of Moldova, Ukraine, and Romania
Territorial changes of Moldavia following the Treaty of Bucharest 1812.
A map of Greater Romania between 1920 and 1940.
Monument to the villagers who died in World War II, the village Cojușna, Strășeni District.
Bessarabia Germans evacuating after the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia in 1940.
Bălți in Soviet Moldavia in 1985
Deputy Gheorghe Ghimpu replaces the Soviet flag on the Parliament with the Romanian flag on 27 April 1990.
Protests outside the Parliament building in 2009
The Moldovan Parliament
Presidential Palace, Chișinău
Ministry of Internal Affairs of Moldova, Chișinău
Accession to the EU is a central issue in Moldovan politics
President of Georgia Salome Zourabichvili, President of Moldova Maia Sandu, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy and President of the European Council Charles Michel during the 2021 Batumi International Conference. In 2014, the EU signed Association Agreements with all the three states.
A soldier of the Moldovan Army at the Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels, Germany
Scenery in Moldova, with Dniester River
Beach on the shore of Dniester River near Vadul lui Vodă
Cave churches at Old Orhei, part of the only national park in the country
Toltrele Prutului near Fetești, Edineț District
Noted for its vivid portrayal of the lower Dniester river, Henryk Sienkiewicz's novel With Fire and Sword opens with a description of saigas as a way to highlight the story's exotic setting. Saigas are a critically endangered species that is now extinct in Moldova.
A proportional representation of Moldova exports, 2019
Moldova GDP by sector
Real GPD per capita development of Moldova, 1973 to 2018
MallDova shopping centre in Chișinău
Mileștii Mici is home to the world's biggest wine cellars.
Chișinău International Airport.
Ethnic map of the Republic of Moldova (2014)
The National Library of Moldova
Moldovans wearing national costumes in Chișinău
Popular Moldovan dishes accompanied by sauerkraut and mămăligă.
Zdob și Zdub performing at the 2011 Eurovision Song Contest.
Moldova national football team in 2015
Moldavian Orthodox church in Condrița.

Landlocked country in Eastern Europe.

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Historical region and former principality in Central and Eastern Europe, corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester River.

Location of the Principality of Moldavia, 1789
The hunt of Voivode Dragoș' for the bison (by Constantin Lecca)
Location of the Principality of Moldavia, 1789
Ruins of the Roman Catholic Cathedral established by Transylvanian Saxon colonists at Baia (Moldenmarkt), Suceava County, Romania
Location of the Principality of Moldavia, 1789
The Seat Fortress in Suceava, Romania
Equestrian statue of Moldavian Prince Stephen the Great in Suceava
Neamț Citadel in Târgu Neamț, Romania
Soroca Fort in Soroca, Republic of Moldova
Akkerman Fortress in Cetatea Alba, Ukraine
Khotyn Fortress on the Dniester River, present-day Ukraine, then bordering the northern frontier of the Moldavian Principality and southern Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Trei Ierarhi Monastery in Iași, housed the Vasilian College, an institution of higher learning founded in 1640
In 1600, Michael the Brave became Prince of Wallachia, of Transylvania, and of Moldavia.
Moldavia through the ages
The Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1782, Italian map by G. Pittori, since the geographer Giovanni Antonio Rizzi Zannoni
The siege and capture of Iași in 1788 by the Russian Army
The Principality of Moldavia, 1793–1812, highlighted in orange
Iași, Princely Palace of Moldavia
Iași, Obelisk of Lions (1834), dedicated to the Organic Statute
Moldavia (in orange) after 1856
Moldavian troops in battle, as illustrated in Johannes de Thurocz (1488 edition); the Moldavian flag is displayed
Physical map of Moldavia
Academia Mihăileană was the first modern institution of higher learning in Moldavia.
The Great Theatre of Moldavia, Iași, 1896
Albina Românească (The Romanian Bee) was, in 1829, the first Romanian-language journal published in Moldavia.

The western half of Moldavia is now part of Romania, the eastern side belongs to the Republic of Moldova, and the northern and southeastern parts are territories of Ukraine.

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic

One of the 15 republics of the Soviet Union which existed from 1940 to 1991.

1940 Soviet map of the Moldavian SSR
Leonid Brezhnev and Ivan Bodiul during the republic's golden jubilee, 1976
Victory Day celebrations in the Moldavian SSR in 1980
Moldovan flag from 1990
Nicolae Ceaușescu and Ivan Bodiul in Chișinău, 1976
May 1 parade on Victory Square, 1971
Distribution of major ethnic groups, 1989

From 23 May 1991 until the declaration of independence on 27 August 1991, it was renamed the Republic of Moldova while remaining a constituent republic of the USSR.

President of Moldova


The President of the Republic of Moldova (Președintele Republicii Moldova) is the head of state of Moldova.

Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

Resolution of the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee on creation of the republic
The 1922 map of Odessa and Mykolaiv Governorates before the establishment of the Moldavian ASSR
The map of the Moldavian ASSR
Romania, and east of it, the Moldavian ASSR in the USSR
Ethnic composition of MASSR, 1926
The weekly newspaper Plugarul Roşu [The Red Ploughman] of the Moldavian ASSR began appearing on July 1, 1924

The Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Republica Autonomă Sovietică Socialistă Moldovenească, Moldovan Cyrillic: Република Аутономэ Советикэ Cочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ; Молдавська Автономна Радянська Соціалістична Республіка), shortened to Moldavian ASSR, was an autonomous republic of the Ukrainian SSR between 12 October 1924 and 2 August 1940, encompassing the modern territory of Transnistria (today de jure in Moldova, but de facto functioning as an independent state; see Transnistria conflict) as well as much of present-day Balta region of Ukraine.

Prime Minister of Moldova

The Prime Minister of Moldova (Prim-ministrul Republicii Moldova) is Moldova's head of government.

Eastern Europe

Ambiguous term that refers to the eastern portions of the European continent.

Computer rendering of Eastern Europe
Traditional cultural borders of Europe: usage recommendation by the Standing Committee on Geographical Names, Germany.
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A large part of Eastern Europe is formed by countries with dominant Orthodox churches, like Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Russia, Serbia, and Ukraine, for instance.

Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina

Ultimatum by the Soviet Union to Romania on June 26, 1940, that threatened the use of force.

Soviet parade in Chișinău
A column of Soviet armored vehicles entering Bessarabia, June 1940
Interwar Romania (1920–1940)
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov signs the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. Behind him are (left) German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.
Planned and actual divisions of Central Europe, according to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
Animation of the European Theatre
The division of Bukovina after June 28, 1940. The region labelled as Herța (Hertsa) and the land in white just to the right of Northern Bukovina between the rivers Nistru (Dniester) and Prut (Prut) were also taken by the Soviet Union.
Soviet Marshal Semyon Timoshenko in Bessarabia
Romania in 1940 with Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina highlighted in orange-red
Soviet military parade in Chișinău on July 4, 1940
Refugees after the occupation
A train with refugees
Red Cross helping refugees in Romania in a government newsreel
Military ordinance forbidding use of foreign languages and wearing of "Russian caps" in Bessarabia, 15 November 1941
Jews being deported to concentration camps by the Romanian Army
Soviet Operations 19 August to 31 December 1944
Ethnic map of Interwar Romania (census 1930)
Volksdeutsche resettling after the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia

Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina and Hertsa remained part of the Soviet Union until it collapsed in 1991, when they became part of the newly independent states of Moldova and Ukraine.


Moldavian ASSR (orange) and Romania, 1924–1940
Igor Smirnov, first president of Transnistria from 1991 to 2011
Soviet symbols are still used in Transnistria.
Igor Smirnov with Vladimir Voronin and Dmitry Medvedev in Barvikha, 18 March 2009
General map of Transnistria
Dniester River in Bender (Tighina)
Districts of Transnistria
License plate of Transnistria
Transnistrian territory in relation to the rest of Moldova, landlocked along the border with Ukraine. Note that this map treats lands at the west bank of the Dniester (such as Bender) as undisputed Transnistrian territory.
Political map of Transnistria with the differences between the de facto Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and the de jure Autonomous Dniestrian Territory
Former President of Transnistria Yevgeny Shevchuk and Sabbas, diocesan bishop of the Moldovan Orthodox Church
A Transnistrian passport
The Transnistrian parliament building in Tiraspol, fronted by a statue of Vladimir Lenin
Tiraspol City Council
World War II-era Soviet T-34 in Tiraspol
Russian peace-keeping soldiers at the border between Transnistria and Moldova at Dubăsari
Transnistrian soldiers in 2013
Demographic evolution in Transnistrian regions and the city of Tiraspol. Purple: Moldovans (Romanians), green: Ukrainians, blue: Russians.
Noul Neamț Monastery
Transnistria's central bank, the Transnistrian Republican Bank
Tiraspol, capital of Transnistria
Welcome (Bine ați venit!) sign in Moldovan Cyrillic in Tiraspol. The Cyrillic alphabet was replaced by the Latin alphabet in 1989 in Moldova, but remains in use in Transnistria.

Transnistria, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR), is an unrecognised breakaway state that is internationally recognised as part of Moldova.


River in Eastern Europe.

Dnister's riverhead in Staryi Sambir (western Ukraine)
The Dniester at the Moldavian fortress of Tighina.
The Dniester in Khotyn (western Ukraine). Another Moldavian fortress and an Orthodox church seen on foreground.
At the confluence of the Seret and the Dniester.

It runs first through Ukraine and then through Moldova (from which it more or less separates the breakaway territory of Transnistria), finally discharging into the Black Sea on Ukrainian territory again.


Chișinău, 1889
Stephen the Great monument
Eternity – a memorial complex dedicated to the soldiers who fell in World War II and the military conflict in Transnistria.
Train of Pain – the monument to the victims of communist mass deportations in Moldova.
State Art Museum, during the Cold War period.
Prospectul Păcii in 1980.
Trams in Chișinău (pictured Gothawagen ET54) were discontinued in 1961
Botanical garden
Bird's eye view
Chișinău City Hall.
Administrative sectors of Chișinău: 1-Centru, 2-Buiucani, 3-Râșcani, 4-Botanica, 5-Ciocana.
Presidential Palace in Chișinău.
Chișinău Railway Station, exterior
Trolleybus on the street
FC Zimbru Stadium
Triumphal Arch
Capitoline Wolf and National History Museum
Waterfall Steps at the Mill Valley Park
Ștefan cel Mare Central Park
Organ Hall
Moldova National Opera Ballet

Chișinău is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Moldova.