Molecular diagnostics

molecular diagnosticassaysdiagnosticmedical diagnostic systemsMicro and Molecular Diagnosticsmolecular diagnosismolecular studiesmolecular testing
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.wikipedia
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Medical test

diagnostic testdiagnostic testsdiagnostic testing
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.
Medical tests relate to clinical chemistry and molecular diagnostics, and are typically performed in a medical laboratory.

Medical laboratory

clinical laboratorylaboratory medicinelaboratory
The clinical laboratory requires high standards of reliability; diagnostics may require accreditation or fall under medical device regulations.
Molecular diagnostics is estimated at 10% of total revenue, and half of that focused on infectious disease testing.

Precision medicine

precision oncologyprecision medicin
Tools employed in precision medicine can include molecular diagnostics, imaging, and analytics.

Biomarker

biomarkersmarkerbiological marker
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.

Genome

genomesgenetic materialgenomic
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.

Proteome

proteomesproteomicprotein expression
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.

Genetic code

codoncodonsencoded
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.

Protein

proteinsproteinaceousstructural proteins
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.

Molecular biology

molecular biologistmolecularmolecular microbiology
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.

Personalized medicine

personalised medicinetheranosticstheranostic
By analysing the specifics of the patient and their disease, molecular diagnostics offers the prospect of personalised medicine.

Infection

infectious diseaseinfectious diseasesinfections
These tests are useful in a range of medical specialisms, including infectious disease, oncology, human leucocyte antigen typing (which investigates and predicts immune function), coagulation, and pharmacogenomics—the genetic prediction of which drugs will work best.

Oncology

oncologistmedical oncologyoncological
These tests are useful in a range of medical specialisms, including infectious disease, oncology, human leucocyte antigen typing (which investigates and predicts immune function), coagulation, and pharmacogenomics—the genetic prediction of which drugs will work best.

Human leukocyte antigen

HLAhuman leukocyte antigenshuman leukocyte antigen (HLA)
These tests are useful in a range of medical specialisms, including infectious disease, oncology, human leucocyte antigen typing (which investigates and predicts immune function), coagulation, and pharmacogenomics—the genetic prediction of which drugs will work best.

Immune system

immuneimmune responseimmune function
These tests are useful in a range of medical specialisms, including infectious disease, oncology, human leucocyte antigen typing (which investigates and predicts immune function), coagulation, and pharmacogenomics—the genetic prediction of which drugs will work best.

Coagulation

blood clottingblood coagulationclotting
These tests are useful in a range of medical specialisms, including infectious disease, oncology, human leucocyte antigen typing (which investigates and predicts immune function), coagulation, and pharmacogenomics—the genetic prediction of which drugs will work best.

Clinical chemistry

clinical biochemistrychemical pathologyblood chemistry
They overlap with clinical chemistry (medical tests on bodily fluids).

Thalassemia

thalassaemiathalassaemiasBeta-Thalassemia
suggested a prenatal genetic test for Thalassemia that did not rely upon DNA sequencing—then in its infancy—but on restriction enzymes that cut DNA where they recognised specific short sequences, creating different lengths of DNA strand depending on which allele (genetic variation) the fetus possessed.

DNA sequencing

DNA sequencesequencesequencing
suggested a prenatal genetic test for Thalassemia that did not rely upon DNA sequencing—then in its infancy—but on restriction enzymes that cut DNA where they recognised specific short sequences, creating different lengths of DNA strand depending on which allele (genetic variation) the fetus possessed.

Restriction enzyme

restriction enzymesrestriction endonucleaserestriction endonucleases
suggested a prenatal genetic test for Thalassemia that did not rely upon DNA sequencing—then in its infancy—but on restriction enzymes that cut DNA where they recognised specific short sequences, creating different lengths of DNA strand depending on which allele (genetic variation) the fetus possessed.

Allele

allelesallelicmultiple alleles
suggested a prenatal genetic test for Thalassemia that did not rely upon DNA sequencing—then in its infancy—but on restriction enzymes that cut DNA where they recognised specific short sequences, creating different lengths of DNA strand depending on which allele (genetic variation) the fetus possessed.

Informa

Informa HealthcareInforma plcInforma Canada Inc.
Informa Healthcare launched Expert Reviews in Medical Diagnostics in 2001.

International HapMap Project

HapMapHapMap Projecthaplotype map
From 2002 onwards, the HapMap Project aggregated information on the one-letter genetic differences that recur in the human population—the single nucleotide polymorphisms—and their relationship with disease.