Mommy track

“Mommy Track”
A mommy track is a path in a woman's life that puts priority to being a mother.wikipedia
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Mother

maternitymotherhoodmaternal
A mommy track is a path in a woman's life that puts priority to being a mother.
Regarding women in the workforce, mothers are said to often follow a "mommy track" rather than being entirely "career women".

Housewife

housewivesstay-at-home momstay-at-home mother
References to the mommy track often go along with being a housewife, "opting out" of the workforce, temporarily or even permanently.
A career woman, as opposed to a housewife, may follow a mommy track or a shared earning/shared parenting track.

Felice Schwartz

Felice N. Schwartz
Felice Schwartz’s 1989 article in the Harvard Business Journal is sometimes called the first discussion of the mommy track phenomenon.
It sparked a heated debate after The New York Times ridiculed Schwartz's idea, dubbing it the "Mommy Track."

Women in the workforce

women in the workplacefemale employmentfemale labor participation
It can also specifically refer to work arrangements for women in the workforce that facilitate motherhood, such as flexible hours, but at the same time usually provides fewer opportunities for career advancement.

Kyariaūman

career womancareer women
Women following the mommy track may be contrasted to career women who prioritize their careers more than having children.

The New York Times

New York TimesNY TimesNYT
Writer Jennifer A. Kingson introduced the term "mommy track" in an August 8, 1988, article in The New York Times, in which she described the career hurdles faced by law firm associates who sacrificed advancement potential once they had children.

Socioeconomics

socioeconomicsocio-economicsocio-economic development
Across different pay levels and socioeconomic groups, women's earnings tend to plateau after giving birth.

Gender pay gap

gender wage gapgender gapwage gap
Beyond this general drop in earnings, though, there are significant differences in mothers’ wage gaps between high-earning women and low-earning women.

Childbirth

laborbirthlabour
High-earning women appear to bear much higher costs of childbirth than low-earning women.

Bureau of Labor Statistics

U.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsU.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Division of Information ServicesUS Bureau of Labor Statistics
A report in 2014 by the Bureau of Labor Statistics stated that employed men worked 52 minutes more than employed women on the days they worked, and that this difference partly reflects women's greater likelihood of working part-time.

Flextime

flexible workingflexitimeflexible working hours
Part-time work and flextime or more flexible arrangements are seen as hallmarks of the mommy track, since they point to women not being in the workplace full-time.

Second-wave feminism

second wave feminismsecond-wave feministsecond wave
In the years since the women's liberation movement and second-wave feminism, gender roles have become more complicated and less dogmatic.

Gender role

gender rolesgender stereotypesgender norms
In the years since the women's liberation movement and second-wave feminism, gender roles have become more complicated and less dogmatic.

Social norm

social normsnormsnorm
Despite this, the modern ideal of “intensive parenting,” first described by Sharon Hays, ensures that mothers continue to take primary responsibility for raising children due to the engrained social norm that women are better nurturers.

Work–life balance

work-life balancework life balancework-life
This is one of the reasons that while both men and women report having increased trouble with their work-life balance after having a baby, women are the only ones whose hours working decrease as a response to this conflict.

Domestic worker

servantdomestic servantdomestic service
Moreover, women who cannot afford to pay someone else to take care of domestic work are faced with the double burden of working outside of the home while continuing to complete the majority of domestic work in the home.

Double burden

double day
Moreover, women who cannot afford to pay someone else to take care of domestic work are faced with the double burden of working outside of the home while continuing to complete the majority of domestic work in the home.

Sexism

sexistgender discriminationsex discrimination
Another cultural influence on mothers' decreased presence in the workforce is gender discrimination within the U.S. tax code.

Feminism

feministfeministsemancipation of women
Many feminists saw the idea of the mommy track as divisive to women and therefore one that could have a detrimental effect to the feminist cause.

Papua New Guinea

Papua-New GuineaPapua New GuineanPNG
As of 2015, the US was one of only three countries in the world (the other two being Papua New Guinea and Suriname) that does not have laws that require employers to provide paid maternity leave.

Suriname

SurinamSurinameseRepublic of Suriname
As of 2015, the US was one of only three countries in the world (the other two being Papua New Guinea and Suriname) that does not have laws that require employers to provide paid maternity leave.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
In the Netherlands women have entered the workforce relatively recently.

Marriage bar

marriage barsbanfiring of a woman when she got married
Although in the late 1950s, the Netherlands made important legal changes, such as removing the marriage bar and the marital power of the husband, it was only in 1984 that full legal equality between husband and wife was achieved - prior to 1984 the law stipulated that the husband's opinion prevailed over the wife's regarding issues such as decisions on children's education and the domicile of the family, reflecting the traditional structure of the society.

Marital power

Although in the late 1950s, the Netherlands made important legal changes, such as removing the marriage bar and the marital power of the husband, it was only in 1984 that full legal equality between husband and wife was achieved - prior to 1984 the law stipulated that the husband's opinion prevailed over the wife's regarding issues such as decisions on children's education and the domicile of the family, reflecting the traditional structure of the society.