Momordica charantia

bitter melonbitter gourdampalayabittergourdbittermelongōyāBalsam applebalsampearbitter melonsgohyah tea
Momordica charantia (colloquial: bitter melon; bitter apple; bitter gourd; bitter squash; balsam-pear) is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit.wikipedia
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Herbal tea

tisaneteaherbal teas
In Chinese cuisine, bitter melon (, pinyin: kǔguā or kugua) is valued for its bitter flavor, typically in stir-fries (often with pork and douchi), soups, dim sum, and herbal teas (gohyah tea).
These include common ingredients like nutmeg, mace, papaya, bitter melon, verbena, saffron, slippery elm, and possibly pomegranate.

Vine

climberclimbing plantclimbers
Momordica charantia (colloquial: bitter melon; bitter apple; bitter gourd; bitter squash; balsam-pear) is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit.
Momordica charantia, the bitter gourd

Thoran

In South Indian cuisine, it is used in the dishes thoran/thuvaran (mixed with grated coconut), mezhukkupuratti (stir-fried with spices), theeyal (cooked with roasted coconut) and pachadi (which is considered a medicinal food for diabetics).
Thoran is a dry dish traditionally made of finely chopped vegetables such as cabbage, yardlong bean and other bean varieties, unripe jackfruit, bittergourd or elephant foot yam, of leaves such as green or red cheera, Moringa oleifera or Ipomoea aquatica, as well as of flowers such as Moringa oleifera or Sesbania grandiflora.

Douchi

fermented black beansBlack beanblack beans
In Chinese cuisine, bitter melon (, pinyin: kǔguā or kugua) is valued for its bitter flavor, typically in stir-fries (often with pork and douchi), soups, dim sum, and herbal teas (gohyah tea).
Douchi is also used to flavor fish or stir-fried vegetables (particularly bitter melon and leaf vegetables).

Okinawan cuisine

Okinawancuisineeating habits of the indigenous people of the Ryukyu Islands
Bitter melon, known as gōyā in Okinawan, and nigauri in Japanese (although the Okinawan word gōyā is also used), is a significant ingredient in Okinawan cuisine, and is increasingly used in Japanese cuisine beyond that island.
An article about Okinawan food written by Kikkoman states that Goya (bitter melon) and Nabera (luffa or towel gourd) were "likely" introduced to Okinawa from Southeast Asia.

Beer in China

beerChinaChina's beer industry
It has also been used in place of hops as the bittering ingredient in some beers in China and Okinawa.
Some beer is produced that uses bitter melon instead of hops as the bittering agent.

Indonesian cuisine

IndonesianIndonesiaIndonesian dishes
In Indonesian cuisine, bitter melon, known as pare in Javanese and Indonesian (also paria), is prepared in various dishes, such as gado-gado, and also stir-fried, cooked in coconut milk, or steamed.
Vegetables like winged bean, tomato, cucumber and the small variety of bitter melon are commonly eaten raw, like in lalab.

Gado-gado

gado gadolotek
In Indonesian cuisine, bitter melon, known as pare in Javanese and Indonesian (also paria), is prepared in various dishes, such as gado-gado, and also stir-fried, cooked in coconut milk, or steamed.
Gado-gado in Indonesian literally means "mix-mix" since it is made of rich mixture of vegetables such as potatoes, longbeans, bean sprouts, spinach, chayote, bitter gourd, corn and cabbage, with tofu, tempeh and hard-boiled eggs, all mixed in peanut sauce dressing, sometimes also topped with krupuk and sprinkles of fried shallots.

Pinakbet

The dish pinakbet, popular in the Ilocos region of Luzon, consists mainly of bitter melons, eggplant, okra, string beans, tomatoes, lima beans, and other various regional vegetables all stewed together with a little bagoong-based stock.
The dish usually includes bitter melon (ampalaya).

Mezhukkupuratti

In South Indian cuisine, it is used in the dishes thoran/thuvaran (mixed with grated coconut), mezhukkupuratti (stir-fried with spices), theeyal (cooked with roasted coconut) and pachadi (which is considered a medicinal food for diabetics).
Bitter Gourd (Ml പാവൽ). Dish is called as Pavakka mezhukkupuratti.

Theeyal

In South Indian cuisine, it is used in the dishes thoran/thuvaran (mixed with grated coconut), mezhukkupuratti (stir-fried with spices), theeyal (cooked with roasted coconut) and pachadi (which is considered a medicinal food for diabetics).
Vegetables used for Theeyal include Pearl onion or Shallot, Bitter melon, Potato, Eggplant, Okra, Zucchini, Raw Mango.

Momordicin

Momordicin I, II and 28
In 2012, the germplasm and chemical constituents, such as momordicin within several varieties of the gourd, were being studied.
Momordicin is one of several compounds found in the bitter melon vine, including:

Momordica foetida

M. foetida
Momordica foetida
Momordica foetida is a perennial climbing vine native of tropical Africa, closely related to the bitter melon (M. charantia) and balsam apple (M. balsamina).

Vietnamese cuisine

VietnameseVietnamcuisine
In Vietnamese cuisine, raw bitter melon slices known as mướp đắng or khổ qua in Vietnamese, eaten with dried meat floss and bitter melon soup with shrimp, are common dishes.
Bitter melon (khổ qua or mướp đắng) (southern & northern Vietnamese dialects)

Filipino cuisine

FilipinoPhilippinesPhilippine
In the cuisine of the Philippines, bitter melon, known as ampalaya in Tagalog and parya in Ilokano, may be stir-fried with ground beef and oyster sauce, or with eggs and diced tomato.
For vegetarians, there is dinengdeng, a dish consisting of moringa leaves (malunggay) and slices of bittermelon.

Momordica cymbalaria

Momordica cymbalaria
It is a relative of the bitter melon plant (M. charantia) which is also used against diabetes.

Subtropics

subtropicalsub-tropicalsubtropical climate
Momordica charantia (colloquial: bitter melon; bitter apple; bitter gourd; bitter squash; balsam-pear) is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit.

Cucurbitaceae

cucurbitscucurbitgourd family
Momordica charantia (colloquial: bitter melon; bitter apple; bitter gourd; bitter squash; balsam-pear) is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit.

Fruit

fruitsseed podfruiting
Momordica charantia (colloquial: bitter melon; bitter apple; bitter gourd; bitter squash; balsam-pear) is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit.

Variety (botany)

varietiesvarietyvar.
Its many varieties differ substantially in the shape and bitterness of the fruit.

India

🇮🇳IndianIND
Bitter melon originated in India and was introduced into China in the 14th century.

China

🇨🇳ChinesePeople's Republic of China
Bitter melon originated in India and was introduced into China in the 14th century.

Loanword

loanwordsloan wordborrowed
Bitter melon also has names in other languages which have entered English as loanwords.

Malayalam

Malayalam-languageMalayalam–languageMalayalam language