Monarchy

kingdommonarchieskingdomsmonarchicalroyalmonarchicmonarchsmonarchmonarchistKing
A monarchy is a form of government in which a natural person, the monarch, is head of state until death or abdication.wikipedia
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Monarch

kingSovereignkings
A monarchy is a form of government in which a natural person, the monarch, is head of state until death or abdication.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.

Abdication

abdicateabdicatedabdicates
A monarchy is a form of government in which a natural person, the monarch, is head of state until death or abdication.
Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority.

Absolute monarchy

absolutismabsolutistabsolute monarch
The governing power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic), to restricted (constitutional monarchy), to fully autocratic (absolute monarchy), combining executive, legislative and judicial power.
Absolute monarchy (or absolutism as doctrine) is a form of monarchy in which the monarch holds supreme autocratic authority, principally not being restricted by written laws, legislature, or customs.

Head of state

heads of stateChief of Stateheads of states
A monarchy is a form of government in which a natural person, the monarch, is head of state until death or abdication.
In terms of protocol: the head of a sovereign, independent state is usually identified as the person who, according to that state's constitution, is the reigning monarch, in the case of a monarchy; or the president, in the case of a republic.

Elective monarchy

electiveelectedelected king
In most cases, the succession of monarchies is hereditary, but there are also elective and self-proclaimed monarchies, often forming dynastic periods and association, which is sometimes challenged by diverging lineage and legitimism.
An elective monarchy is a monarchy ruled by an elected monarch, in contrast to a hereditary monarchy in which the office is automatically passed down as a family inheritance.

Dynasty

dynasticroyal housedynasties
In most cases, the succession of monarchies is hereditary, but there are also elective and self-proclaimed monarchies, often forming dynastic periods and association, which is sometimes challenged by diverging lineage and legitimism.
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family, usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics.

War of succession

wars of successionsuccession crisisdynastic conflict
In most cases, the succession of monarchies is hereditary, but there are also elective and self-proclaimed monarchies, often forming dynastic periods and association, which is sometimes challenged by diverging lineage and legitimism.
A war of succession is a type of intrastate war concerning struggle for the throne: a conflict about supreme power in a monarchy.

Order of succession

successionline of successionsuccession laws
In most cases, the succession of monarchies is hereditary, but there are also elective and self-proclaimed monarchies, often forming dynastic periods and association, which is sometimes challenged by diverging lineage and legitimism. Different systems of hereditary succession have been used, such as proximity of blood, primogeniture, and agnatic seniority (Salic law).
Upon the death of the grantee, a designated inheritance such as a peerage, or a monarchy, passes automatically to that living, legitimate, non-adoptive relative of the grantee who is most senior in descent (i.e. highest in the line of succession, regardless of age); and thereafter continues to pass to subsequent successors of the grantee, according to the same rules, upon the death of each subsequent heir.

Monarchy of Belgium

King of the BelgiansKingMonarch
For example, monarchs can carry titles such as king, queen, emperor, khan, caliph, tsar, or sultan, and can be bound to territories (e.g., the Emperor of Japan) or peoples (e.g., the King of the Belgians).
The Monarchy of Belgium is a constitutional, hereditary, and popular monarchy of Belgium whose incumbent is titled the King or Queen of the Belgians (Koning(in) der Belgen, Roi / Reine des Belges, König(in) der Belgier) and serves as the country's head of state.

Republic

constitutional republicrepublicsrepublican form of government
The republican form of government has been established as the opposing and main alternative to monarchy.
As such it has become the opposing form of government to a monarchy and has therefore no monarch as head of state.

List of current monarchs of sovereign states

List of current sovereign monarchsList of current monarchsreigning monarch
Forty-five sovereign nations in the world have a monarch as head of state, including sixteen Commonwealth realms that each have Queen Elizabeth II (in separate capacities).
A monarch is the head of a monarchy, a form of government in which a state is ruled by an individual who normally rules for life or until abdication, and typically inherits the throne by birth.

Title

titlesHonorary Presidenthonorary title
Its authorities are proclaimed and recognized through the different seats, insignia and titles that a monarch can occupy and be invested with.

Hereditary monarchy

hereditaryhereditary monarchieshereditary monarch
In most cases, the succession of monarchies is hereditary, but there are also elective and self-proclaimed monarchies, often forming dynastic periods and association, which is sometimes challenged by diverging lineage and legitimism.
It is historically the most common type of monarchy and remains the dominant form in extant monarchies.

President for life

president-for-lifeGovernor-General for Lifelifetime presidency
Republics though have seen infringements through lifelong or even hereditary heads of state.
In fact, other than the title, political scientists often face difficulties in differentiating a state ruled by a president for life (especially one who inherits the job from a family dictatorship) and a monarchy.

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
A monarchy is a form of government in which a natural person, the monarch, is head of state until death or abdication.
Many monarchies were aristocracies, although in modern constitutional monarchies the monarch himself or herself has little real power.

Monarchism

monarchistmonarchistsroyalist
Advocacy of republics is called republicanism, while the advocacy of monarchies is called monarchism.
Monarchism is the advocacy of monarchy or monarchical rule.

Royal court

courtimperial courtcourts
Aristocrats, though not inherent to monarchies, often serve as the pool of persons to draw the monarch from and fill the constituting institutions (e.g. diet and court), giving many monarchies oligarchic elements. Most monarchs, both historically and in the modern-day, have been born and brought up within a royal family, the centre of the royal household and court.
A court is an extended royal household in a monarchy, including all those who regularly attend on a monarch, or another central figure.

Ochlocracy

mob rulemobmob justice
Polybius identified it as one of three "benign" basic forms of government (monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy), opposed to the three "malignant" basic forms of government (tyranny, oligarchy, and ochlocracy).
Ancient Greek political thinkers regarded ochlocracy as one of the three "bad" forms of government (tyranny, oligarchy, and ochlocracy) as opposed to the three "good" forms of government (monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy).

Legitimacy (political)

legitimacypolitical legitimacylegitimate
A nation or constitution is not necessary in a monarchy since a person, the monarch, binds the separate territories and political legitimacy (e.g. in personal union) together.

Political family

political familiesdynastic politicspolitical dynasty
Rule may be hereditary in practice without being considered a monarchy: there have been some family dictatorships (and also political families) in many democracies.
A royal family or dynasty in a monarchy is generally considered to not be a "political family," although the later descendants of a royal family have played political roles in a republic (such as the Arslan family of Lebanon would be).

Royal household

householdImperial HouseholdBritish Royal Household
Most monarchs, both historically and in the modern-day, have been born and brought up within a royal family, the centre of the royal household and court.
A royal household or imperial household is the residence and administrative headquarters in ancient and post-classical monarchies, and papal household for popes, and formed the basis for the general government of the country as well as providing for the needs of the sovereign and their relations.

Yuan Shikai

Yuan Shih-kaiYuan Shih-k'aiYuan Shi Kai
Yuan Shikai, the first formal President of the Republic of China, crowned himself Emperor of the short-lived "Empire of China" a few years after the Republic of China was founded.
This army and bureaucratic control were the foundation of his monarchic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China.

Republicanism

republicanrepublicansrepublican government
Advocacy of republics is called republicanism, while the advocacy of monarchies is called monarchism.
Both Plato and Aristotle identified three forms of government: democracy, aristocracy, and monarchy.

Agnatic seniority

agnaticseniorityAgnatic succession
Different systems of hereditary succession have been used, such as proximity of blood, primogeniture, and agnatic seniority (Salic law).
In hereditary monarchies, particularly in more ancient times, seniority was a much-used principle of order of succession.

Primogeniture

agnatic primogenitureabsolute primogenituremale-preference primogeniture
Different systems of hereditary succession have been used, such as proximity of blood, primogeniture, and agnatic seniority (Salic law).
Order of succession (Primogeniture) in the monarchies of the World.png by succession.