Monarchy of Fiji

Queen of FijiTui VitiKing of FijiParamount ChiefKingMonarchyQueena brief period as an independent kingdomFijian Monarchycomplete list
The monarchy of Fiji arose in the mid-nineteenth century when native ruler Seru Epenisa Cakobau consolidated control of the Fijian Islands and declared himself King or paramount chief of Fiji (Tui Viti).wikipedia
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Fiji

Fiji IslandsRepublic of FijiFijian
The monarchy of Fiji arose in the mid-nineteenth century when native ruler Seru Epenisa Cakobau consolidated control of the Fijian Islands and declared himself King or paramount chief of Fiji (Tui Viti).
Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century onwards, and, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874.

1987 Fijian coups d'état

two military coups1987 coupsmilitary coups
After a second military coup in 1987, Fiji became a republic, and the monarchy was ended.
The Fijian coups of 1987 resulted in the overthrow of the elected government of Fijian Prime Minister Timoci Bavadra, the deposition of Elizabeth II as Queen of Fiji, and in the declaration of a republic.

Vunivalu of Bau

VunivaluCakobauLewenisau na Gone Turaga na Vunivalu
In the late 1840s, the Vunivalu or ruler of Bau, Tanoa Visawaqa (died 1852) declared himself Tui Viti, which translates as "King of Fiji" or "paramount chief of Fiji".
He created much of its prestige by styling himself King of Fiji; he led the process that culminated in cession of the islands to the United Kingdom in 1874.

Seru Epenisa Cakobau

CakobauRatu Seru Epenisa CakobauRatu Seru Cakobau
The monarchy of Fiji arose in the mid-nineteenth century when native ruler Seru Epenisa Cakobau consolidated control of the Fijian Islands and declared himself King or paramount chief of Fiji (Tui Viti).
Cakobau retained his position as Fiji's second most senior chief the title of Vunivalu of Bau, and formally ceded the highest and most precedent Chiefly title of Tui Viti or Paramount Chief of Fiji to the person of Her Majesty Queen Victoria.

Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth IIthe QueenQueen
After nearly a century of British rule, Fiji became a Dominion, an independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth of Nations with Elizabeth II as head of state. Fiji's Head of State was Elizabeth II, who was represented by a Governor-General and was also queen of other countries, such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.
As monarch of Fiji, Elizabeth supported the attempts of Governor-General Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau to assert executive power and negotiate a settlement.

Tanoa Visawaqa

Ratu Tanoa VISAWAQATanoaVisawaqa, Ratu Tanoa
In the late 1840s, the Vunivalu or ruler of Bau, Tanoa Visawaqa (died 1852) declared himself Tui Viti, which translates as "King of Fiji" or "paramount chief of Fiji".
He was the father of the first Tui Viti, Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau, Ratu Tanoa was installed as Vunivalu upon the death of his elder brother Ratu Naulivou Ramatenikutu, who was involved in a fierce power struggle against the Roko Tui Bau, Ratu Raiwalui, which led to his death.

Governor-General of Fiji

Governor-GeneralGovernor GeneralFiji (Governor-General)
Fiji's Head of State was Elizabeth II, who was represented by a Governor-General and was also queen of other countries, such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.
Queen Elizabeth II remained the Head of State, holding the title of Queen of Fiji until 1987, when she formally abdicated following two military coups.

Great Council of Chiefs

Bose Levu VakaturagaGCCBose Levu Vakaturaga (Great Council of Chiefs)
Nevertheless, the Great Council of Chiefs recognised Elizabeth II as Tui Viti or the traditional Queen of Fiji, but the position is not one of a constitutional, or otherwise legal nature. The agreed Constitution of 1997 provided for a President as Head of State of a Fijian republic, with the President chosen by the Great Council of Chiefs, a formal body of mostly hereditary chiefs.
Despite Fiji's membership of the Commonwealth of Nations at that time as a republic, the Great Council recognised Queen Elizabeth II as its traditional Queen or paramount chief.

Kingdom of Fiji

Kingdom of VitiKingdomindependent kingdom
Seru Cakobau ruled the short lived Kingdom of Fiji (1871–1874) as Tui Viti, and the title became synonymous with him.

Constitutional monarchy

constitutional monarchiesconstitutional monarchconstitutional
As a constitutional monarchy, executive power was held by a prime minister, usually the leader of the majority party in an elected legislature.

President of Fiji

PresidentpresidentialPresidency
The agreed Constitution of 1997 provided for a President as Head of State of a Fijian republic, with the President chosen by the Great Council of Chiefs, a formal body of mostly hereditary chiefs.
The office of President was established following two military coups in 1987 that led to the proclamation of a republic on 7 October, ending the Fijian monarchy.

Queen's Official Birthday

Queen's Birthdayofficial birthdayofficial birthday of The Queen
Though Fiji has been a republic since 1987 and was suspended from the Commonwealth for a second time in 2009, until 2012 the Queen's effigy was still displayed on Fiji's currency and the Queen's Official Birthday remained a public holiday.
Despite Fiji abolishing the monarchy in 1987, following a second military coup d'état, the Queen's Birthday continued to be celebrated each 12 June until 2012.

Ratu

chiefschiefchiefly
They are the heirs of Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau, the Vunivalu of Bau or Tui Levuka (Paramount Chief of Bau, on the eastern side of Viti Levu, Fiji's most populous island), who was the first chief to unite the entire country under his authority in 1871 since Rt Vueti's time, when he was proclaimed Tui Viti (King of Fiji).The title which was formerly owned by Ratu Vueti the Tui Viti and 1st Roko Tui Bau Vuaniivi in the mid 1600s.

List of heads of state of Fiji

Head of StateKingmonarch
He had long styled himself the Tui Viti (King of Fiji), but had not been recognized as such by other chiefs, and he exercised no direct authority outside his domain of Bau until he united the country under his leadership in 1871.

Coat of arms of Fiji

Fijian coat of armsCoat of Armscountry's coat of arms
The country's coat of arms remain unchanged.
This was partly because of its links to Seru Epenisa Cakobau, the first and last King of Fiji (Tui Viti) who relinquished control of the country to Britain.

Frank Bainimarama

Voreqe BainimaramaJosaia Voreqe BainimaramaBainimarama
In 2012, Frank Bainimarama's government abolished the official birthday holiday, and replaced the Queen's image on banknotes and coins with indigenous flora and fauna.
Bainimarama displays above his office desk portraits of Elizabeth II, former Queen of Fiji, and of her consort, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Adi (title)

AdiAdi (chief)chief
*Elizabeth II−Ilisapeci-Na Ranadi ni Viti kei Peritania, Paramount Adi Chief of Fiji.

Crown colony

British colonyBritish coloniesBritish Crown Colony
In 1874, he voluntarily ceded sovereignty of the islands to Britain, which made Fiji a Crown colony within the British Empire.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
In 1874, he voluntarily ceded sovereignty of the islands to Britain, which made Fiji a Crown colony within the British Empire.

Dominion

DominionsBritish Dominiondominion status
After nearly a century of British rule, Fiji became a Dominion, an independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth of Nations with Elizabeth II as head of state.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
After nearly a century of British rule, Fiji became a Dominion, an independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth of Nations with Elizabeth II as head of state. Though Fiji has been a republic since 1987 and was suspended from the Commonwealth for a second time in 2009, until 2012 the Queen's effigy was still displayed on Fiji's currency and the Queen's Official Birthday remained a public holiday.

Bau (island)

BauBau IslandBauan
In the late 1840s, the Vunivalu or ruler of Bau, Tanoa Visawaqa (died 1852) declared himself Tui Viti, which translates as "King of Fiji" or "paramount chief of Fiji".

Rewa Province

RewaRewanProvince of Rewa
It is recorded that he used the title in recognition of his political influence over other chiefly states, for instance in Rewa, where he was "Vasu-Levu" (high ranking matrilineal descendant), Naitasiri, Cakaudrove and Lau, where he had forged strong alliances, and in Macuata, where he was able to effectively intervene in the feuds of the ruling family to establish an ally as Tui Macuata or "paramount chief of Macuata".

Naitasiri Province

Naitasiri
It is recorded that he used the title in recognition of his political influence over other chiefly states, for instance in Rewa, where he was "Vasu-Levu" (high ranking matrilineal descendant), Naitasiri, Cakaudrove and Lau, where he had forged strong alliances, and in Macuata, where he was able to effectively intervene in the feuds of the ruling family to establish an ally as Tui Macuata or "paramount chief of Macuata".

Cakaudrove Province

CakaudroveCakudrove ProvinceCaukadrove
It is recorded that he used the title in recognition of his political influence over other chiefly states, for instance in Rewa, where he was "Vasu-Levu" (high ranking matrilineal descendant), Naitasiri, Cakaudrove and Lau, where he had forged strong alliances, and in Macuata, where he was able to effectively intervene in the feuds of the ruling family to establish an ally as Tui Macuata or "paramount chief of Macuata".