Mongolia

MongolRepublic of MongoliaMongolianOuter MongoliaMongolsGreater MongoliaLanguages of MongoliaMNMNGMongol Uls
Mongolia (undefined Mongol Uls in Mongolian Cyrillic; Mongγol Ulus [transliterated] in Mongolian script) is a landlocked country in East Asia.wikipedia
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Ulaanbaatar

Ulan BatorUrgaUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the country's population.
Ulaanbaatar, formerly anglicised as Ulan Bator (Улаанбаатар, literally "Red Hero"), is the capital and largest city of Mongolia.

Gobi Desert

GobiEastern Gobi desert steppeSouth Gobi Desert
The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south.
It covers parts of Northern and Northeastern China and of Southern Mongolia.

Xianbei

Xianbei languageXianbicolonised by Turkic people
The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Turkic Khaganate, and others.
The Xianbei were an ancient nomadic people that once resided in the eastern Eurasian steppes in what is today Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, and Northeastern China.

Mongol Empire

MongolMongolsMongolian Empire
In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous land empire in history.
Originating in Mongolia, the Mongol Empire eventually stretched from Eastern Europe and parts of Central Europe to the Sea of Japan, extending northwards into parts of Siberia; eastwards and southwards into the Indian subcontinent, Mainland Southeast Asia and the Iranian Plateau; and westwards as far as the Levant and the Carpathian Mountains.

Mongols

MongolMongolianMongolians
After the collapse of the Yuan, the Mongols retreated to Mongolia and resumed their earlier pattern of factional conflict, except during the era of Dayan Khan and Tumen Zasagt Khan.
The Mongols (Монголчууд, Mongolchuud, ) are a Mongolic ethnic group native to Mongolia and to China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

Xiongnu

Xiongnu EmpireSouthern XiongnuNorthern Xiongnu
The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Turkic Khaganate, and others.
After their previous rivals, the Yuezhi, migrated into Central Asia during the 2nd century BC, the Xiongnu became a dominant power on the steppes of north-east Central Asia, centered on an area known later as Mongolia.

Kazakhs

KazakhKazakh peopleKazakhstani
Islam is the dominant religion among ethnic Kazakhs. The majority of the state's citizens are of Mongol ethnicity, although Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other minorities also live in the country, especially in the west.
The Kazakhs (also spelled Kazaks, Qazaqs; Kazakh: singular: Қазақ, Qazaq, plural: Қазақтар, Qazaqtar, ; the English name is transliterated from Russian) are a Turkic ethnic group who mainly inhabit the Ural Mountains and northern parts of Central Asia (largely Kazakhstan, but also parts of Russia, Uzbekistan, Mongolia and China), the region also known as the Eurasian sub-continent.

Yuan dynasty

YuanYuan ChinaYuan Empire
His grandson Kublai Khan conquered China to establish the Yuan dynasty.
His realm was, by this point, isolated from the other Mongol khanates and controlled most of modern-day China and its surrounding areas, including modern Mongolia.

Kublai Khan

KublaiKhubilai KhanKubilai Khan
His grandson Kublai Khan conquered China to establish the Yuan dynasty.
Kublai's real power was limited to China and Mongolia, though as Khagan he still had influence in the Ilkhanate and, to a significantly lesser degree, in the Golden Horde.

Horse culture in Mongolia

horse culturehorses were central to the Mongols' livelihoodMongolia
Approximately 30% of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic; horse culture is still integral.
Mongolia holds more than 3 million horses, an equine population which outnumbers the country's human population.

Mongolian People's Republic

MongoliaPeople's Republic of MongoliaMongolian
In 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was founded as a socialist state.
The Mongolian People's Republic, Bügd Nairamdakh Mongol Ard Uls (BNMAU), ) was a unitary sovereign socialist state which existed between 1924 and 1992, coterminous with the present-day country of Mongolia in East Asia.

Mongolian Revolution of 1921

Outer Mongolian Revolution of 19211921 Revolutionrevolution
After the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1911, Mongolia declared independence, and achieved actual independence from the Republic of China in 1921.
The Mongolian Revolution of 1921 (Outer Mongolian Revolution of 1921, or People's Revolution of 1921) was a military and political event by which Mongolian revolutionaries, with the assistance of the Soviet Red Army, expelled Russian White Guards from the country, and founded the Mongolian People's Republic in 1924.

Dayan Khan

Batumongke Dayan KhanBatu-Möngke Dayan KhanBatumöngke Dayan Khan
After the collapse of the Yuan, the Mongols retreated to Mongolia and resumed their earlier pattern of factional conflict, except during the era of Dayan Khan and Tumen Zasagt Khan.
Dayan Khan (given name: Batumöngke; 1464–1517 /1543 ) was a Mongol khan who reunited the Mongols under Chinggisid supremacy in the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia.

Buddhism in Mongolia

MongoliaMongolian BuddhismMongolian Buddhist
In the 16th century, Tibetan Buddhism began to spread in Mongolia, being further led by the Manchu-founded Qing dynasty, which absorbed the country in the 17th century.
Buddhism in Mongolia began with the Yuan dynasty (1271-1368) emperors' conversion to Tibetan Buddhism.

Mongolian language

MongolianMongolKhalkha-Mongolian
The origin of the word the Mongolian word "Mongol" of uncertain etymology, given variously such as the name of a mountain or river; a corruption of the Mongolian Mongkhe-tengri-gal ("Eternal Sky Fire"); or a derivation from Mugulu, the 4th-century founder of the Rouran Khaganate.
The Mongolian language is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family.

Steppe

steppesgrasslandsemi-arid
The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south.
In both the highlands of Mongolia and northern Nevada, 30 C can be reached during the day with sub-zero °C (sub 32 °F) readings at night.

Tümen Zasagt Khan

Jasaghtu KhanTümen Jasagtu KhanTümen Khan
After the collapse of the Yuan, the Mongols retreated to Mongolia and resumed their earlier pattern of factional conflict, except during the era of Dayan Khan and Tumen Zasagt Khan.
Tümen Zasagt Khan (Түмэн засагт хаан, Tümen zasagt xaan) was a 16th-century Mongol Khagan of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia who reigned from 1558 to 1592.

Shiwei people

Shiwei
First attested as the Mungu (Chinese:, Modern Chinese Měngwù, Middle Chinese Muwngu ) branch of the Shiwei in an 8th-century Tang dynasty list of northern tribes, presumably related to the Liao-era Mungku (Chinese:, Modern Chinese Měnggǔ, Middle Chinese MuwngkuX ) tribe now known as the Khamag Mongol.
Shiwei were a Mongolic people that inhabited far-eastern Mongolia, northern Inner Mongolia, northern Manchuria and the area near the Okhotsk Sea beach.

Constitution of Mongolia

constitution1992 Constitutionnew constitution
This led to a multi-party system, a new constitution of 1992, and transition to a market economy.
Constitution of Mongolia (Монгол Улсын Үндсэн Хууль, Mongol Ulsīn Ündsen Húlĭ, "General Law of the Mongolian State") is the constitution of Mongolia.

Khovd Province

KhovdKhovd aimagHovd province
The Khoit Tsenkher Cave in Khovd Province shows lively pink, brown, and red ochre paintings (dated to 20,000 years ago) of mammoths, lynx, bactrian camels, and ostriches, earning it the nickname "the Lascaux of Mongolia".
Khovd is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in the west of the country.

Genghis Khan

GenghisChingiz KhanTemüjin
In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous land empire in history.
Present-day Mongolians regard him as the founding father of Mongolia.

Nomadic empire

nomadic empireshorseback nomadsnomad empire
The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Turkic Khaganate, and others.
They lived on the Mongolian Plateau between the 3rd century BC and the 460s AD, their territories including modern day Mongolia, southern Siberia, western Manchuria, and the modern Chinese provinces of Inner Mongolia, Gansu, and Xinjiang.

Tuvans

TuvanTuviniansTuvinian
The majority of the state's citizens are of Mongol ethnicity, although Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other minorities also live in the country, especially in the west.
After the collapse of the Naiman Khanate, Tuvans moved to modern Mongolia and some Naimans moved to modern Kazakhstan territory.

Altai Mountains

AltaiAltay MountainsAltay
The mummy of a Scythian warrior, which is believed to be about 2,500 years old, was a 30- to 40-year-old man with blond hair; it was found in the Altai, Mongolia.
The Altai Mountains, also spelled Altay Mountains, are a mountain range in Central and East Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan come together, and where the rivers Irtysh and Ob have their headwaters.

Khangai Mountains

KhangaiHangai rangeKhangai Mountain Range
Horse-riding nomadism has been documented by archeological evidence in Mongolia during the Copper and Bronze Age Afanasevo culture (3500–2500 BC); this culture was active to the Khangai Mountains in Central Mongolia.
The Khangai Mountains (Хангайн нуруу; undefined) are an old mountain range in central Mongolia, some 400 kilometres west of Ulaanbaatar.