Monitoring (medicine)

monitoringmonitorpatient monitoringmonitoredmedical monitoringMedical monitorpatient monitorsMedical monitorsmonitorsbedside monitor
In medicine, monitoring is the observation of a disease, condition or one or several medical parameters over time.wikipedia
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Medical test

diagnostic testdiagnostic testsdiagnostic testing
It can be performed by continuously measuring certain parameters by using a medical monitor (for example, by continuously measuring vital signs by a bedside monitor), and/or by repeatedly performing medical tests (such as blood glucose monitoring with a glucose meter in people with diabetes mellitus).
A medical test is a medical procedure performed to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disease processes, susceptibility, or to determine a course of treatment.

Cardiac monitoring

cardiac event monitorCardiac monitorscardiac monitor
Cardiac monitoring generally refers to continuous or intermittent monitoring of heart activity, generally by electrocardiography, with assessment of the patient's condition relative to their cardiac rhythm.

Holter monitor

Ambulatory ECG monitoringambulatory electrocardiogram monitoringHolter
In medicine, a Holter monitor (often simply Holter) is a type of ambulatory electrocardiography device, a portable device for cardiac monitoring (the monitoring of the electrical activity of the cardiovascular system) for at least 24 to 48 hours (often for two weeks at a time).

Bispectral index

BIS monitoranesthetic depthbispectral index (BIS)
Bispectral index (BIS) is one of several technologies used to monitor depth of anesthesia.

Biotelemetry

medical telemetryremote monitoringtelemetry
Transmitting data from a monitor to a distant monitoring station is known as telemetry or biotelemetry.
Biotelemetry (or medical telemetry) involves the application of telemetry in biology, medicine, and other health care to remotely monitor various vital signs of ambulatory patients.

Operating theater

operating theatreoperating roomoperating rooms
Multimodal monitors that simultaneously measure and display the relevant vital parameters are commonly integrated into the bedside monitors in critical care units, and the anesthetic machines in operating rooms.
Operating rooms are spacious, easy to clean in a cleanroom, and well-lit, typically with overhead surgical lights, and may have viewing screens and monitors.

Anaesthetic machine

anesthetic machineanesthesia machineanesthesia machines
Multimodal monitors that simultaneously measure and display the relevant vital parameters are commonly integrated into the bedside monitors in critical care units, and the anesthetic machines in operating rooms.
The machine is commonly used together with a mechanical ventilator, breathing system, suction equipment, and patient monitoring devices; strictly speaking, the term "anaesthetic machine" refers only to the component which generates the gas flow, but modern machines usually integrate all these devices into one combined freestanding unit, which is colloquially referred to as the "anaesthetic machine" for the sake of simplicity.

Telemetry

radio telemetryradio-collaredtelemetric
Transmitting data from a monitor to a distant monitoring station is known as telemetry or biotelemetry.
Telemetry specialists are sometimes used to monitor many patients with a hospital.

Childbirth

laborbirthlabour
For monitoring of the fetus during childbirth, a simple pinard stethoscope or doppler fetal monitor ("doptone") can be used.

Display device

displayvideo monitorbezel
It can consist of one or more sensors, processing components, display devices (which are sometimes in themselves called "monitors"), as well as communication links for displaying or recording the results elsewhere through a monitoring network.

Hemodynamics

blood flowhemodynamichaemodynamic
Hemodynamic monitoring is the observation of hemodynamic parameters over time, such as blood pressure and heart rate.

Intensive care unit

ICUintensive-care unitintensive care
Multimodal monitors that simultaneously measure and display the relevant vital parameters are commonly integrated into the bedside monitors in critical care units, and the anesthetic machines in operating rooms.
Common equipment in an ICU includes mechanical ventilators to assist breathing through an endotracheal tube or a tracheostomy tube; cardiac monitors for monitoring Cardiac condition; equipment for the constant monitoring of bodily functions; a web of intravenous lines, feeding tubes, nasogastric tubes, suction pumps, drains, and catheters, syringe pumps; and a wide array of drugs to treat the primary condition(s) of hospitalization.

Biomedical engineering

biomedical engineermedical engineeringbiomedical
The development of new techniques for monitoring is an advanced and developing field in smart medicine, biomedical-aided integrative medicine, alternative medicine, self-tailored preventive medicine and predictive medicine that emphasizes monitoring of comprehensive medical data of patients, people at risk and healthy people using advanced, smart, minimally invasive biomedical devices, biosensors, lab-on-a-chip (in the future nanomedicine devices like nanorobots) and advanced computerized medical diagnosis and early warning tools over a short clinical interview and drug prescription.
This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine, combining the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical biological sciences to advance health care treatment, including diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy.

Repeatability

test-retest reliabilitytest-retestrepeatable
When monitoring a clinical parameters, differences between test results (or values of a continuously monitored parameter after a time interval) can reflect either (or both) an actual change in the status of the condition or a test-retest variability of the test method.
Test–retest variability is practically used, for example, in medical monitoring of conditions.

Vital signs

vital signvital statisticsvital function
It can be performed by continuously measuring certain parameters by using a medical monitor (for example, by continuously measuring vital signs by a bedside monitor), and/or by repeatedly performing medical tests (such as blood glucose monitoring with a glucose meter in people with diabetes mellitus).
Monitoring of vital parameters most commonly includes at least blood pressure and heart rate, and preferably also pulse oximetry and respiratory rate.

Automated ECG interpretation

automated interpretation
In addition, automated ECG interpretation incorporates diagnostic codes automatically into the charts.

Medical diagnosis

diagnosisdiagnosticdiagnostic criteria
The development of new techniques for monitoring is an advanced and developing field in smart medicine, biomedical-aided integrative medicine, alternative medicine, self-tailored preventive medicine and predictive medicine that emphasizes monitoring of comprehensive medical data of patients, people at risk and healthy people using advanced, smart, minimally invasive biomedical devices, biosensors, lab-on-a-chip (in the future nanomedicine devices like nanorobots) and advanced computerized medical diagnosis and early warning tools over a short clinical interview and drug prescription.
A treatment plan is proposed which may include therapy and follow-up consultations and tests to monitor the condition and the progress of the treatment, if needed, usually according to the medical guidelines provided by the medical field on the treatment of the particular illness.

Nanomedicine

medicalhealthcareNano
The development of new techniques for monitoring is an advanced and developing field in smart medicine, biomedical-aided integrative medicine, alternative medicine, self-tailored preventive medicine and predictive medicine that emphasizes monitoring of comprehensive medical data of patients, people at risk and healthy people using advanced, smart, minimally invasive biomedical devices, biosensors, lab-on-a-chip (in the future nanomedicine devices like nanorobots) and advanced computerized medical diagnosis and early warning tools over a short clinical interview and drug prescription.

Bio-MEMS

BioMEMSbiomedical (or biological) microelectromechanical systems
The goal of implantable microelectrodes is to interface with the body’s nervous system for recording and sending bioelectrical signals to study disease, improve prostheses, and monitor clinical parameters.

Medical device

medical devicesmedical equipmentmedical instrument
A medical monitor or physiological monitor is a medical device used for monitoring.

Blood glucose monitoring

blood glucose monitorcontinuous glucose monitorblood glucose
It can be performed by continuously measuring certain parameters by using a medical monitor (for example, by continuously measuring vital signs by a bedside monitor), and/or by repeatedly performing medical tests (such as blood glucose monitoring with a glucose meter in people with diabetes mellitus).

Glucose meter

glucometerblood glucose meterglucometers
It can be performed by continuously measuring certain parameters by using a medical monitor (for example, by continuously measuring vital signs by a bedside monitor), and/or by repeatedly performing medical tests (such as blood glucose monitoring with a glucose meter in people with diabetes mellitus).

Diabetes

diabetes mellitusdiabeticdiabetics
It can be performed by continuously measuring certain parameters by using a medical monitor (for example, by continuously measuring vital signs by a bedside monitor), and/or by repeatedly performing medical tests (such as blood glucose monitoring with a glucose meter in people with diabetes mellitus).

Pulmonary artery catheter

Swan-Ganz cathetercatheterization, swan-ganzPulmonary artery catheterization