Monkeypox

monkey poxhuman monkeypox
Monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus that can occur in certain animals including humans.wikipedia
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Smallpox vaccine

smallpox vaccinationvaccinationsmallpox inoculation
The smallpox vaccine is believed to prevent infection.
In 2003 this supply helped contain an outbreak of monkeypox in the United States.

Poxviridae

poxviruspoxvirusespox
Monkeypox virus is an Orthopoxvirus, a genus of the family Poxviridae that contains other viral species that target mammals.
Orthopox: smallpox virus (variola), vaccinia virus, cowpox virus, monkeypox virus;

Orthopoxvirus

horsepoxorthopoxvirusesectromelia, infectious
Monkeypox virus is an Orthopoxvirus, a genus of the family Poxviridae that contains other viral species that target mammals.
Diseases associated with this genus include smallpox, cowpox, horsepox, and monkeypox.

Bushmeat

bush meatmeatbush-meat
Monkeypox may be spread from handling bush meat, an animal bite or scratch, body fluids, contaminated objects, or close contact with an infected person.
African squirrels (Heliosciurus, Funisciurus) have been implicated as reservoirs of the monkeypox virus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sun squirrel

sun-squirrels
In addition to monkeys, reservoirs for the virus are found in Gambian pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus), dormice (Graphiurus spp.) and African squirrels (Heliosciurus, and Funisciurus). The use of these animals as food may be an important source of transmission to humans.
Sun squirrels have been implicated in the spread of human monkeypox in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Smallpox

small poxsmall-poxvariola
Monkeypox is similar to smallpox, although it is often milder.
Four orthopoxviruses cause infection in humans: variola, vaccinia, cowpox, and monkeypox.

African striped squirrel

rope squirrel
In addition to monkeys, reservoirs for the virus are found in Gambian pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus), dormice (Graphiurus spp.) and African squirrels (Heliosciurus, and Funisciurus). The use of these animals as food may be an important source of transmission to humans.
African striped squirrels have been implicated in the spread of human monkeypox in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Preben von Magnus

Monkeypox was first reported by Preben von Magnus in 1958 in laboratory Cynomolgus monkeys, when two outbreaks of a smallpox-like disease occurred in colonies of monkeys kept for research.
Preben Christian Alexander von Magnus (25 February 1912 – 9 August 1973) was a Danish virologist who is known for his research on influenza, polio vaccination and monkeypox.

Prairie dog

prairie dogsprairie dog townblack-tailed prairie dogs
The outbreak was traced to a prairie dogs infected from an imported Gambian pouch rat.
In mid-2003, due to cross-contamination at a Madison, Wisconsin-area pet swap from an unquarantined Gambian pouched rat imported from Ghana, several prairie dogs in captivity acquired monkeypox, and subsequently a few humans were also infected.

Gambian pouched rat

African giant pouched ratsEdible ratGambian rat
In addition to monkeys, reservoirs for the virus are found in Gambian pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus), dormice (Graphiurus spp.) and African squirrels (Heliosciurus, and Funisciurus). The use of these animals as food may be an important source of transmission to humans. The outbreak was traced to a prairie dogs infected from an imported Gambian pouch rat.
This outsized African rodent is also believed to be responsible for the 2003 outbreak of monkeypox in the United States, after spreading it to prairie dogs which were purchased as pets.

Basankusu

Monkeypox as a disease in humans was first associated with an illness in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), in the town of Basankusu, Équateur Province, in 1970.
Prevalent illnesses include meningitis, dysentery, cholera, trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), and monkeypox.

Blister

blistersbullaevesication
This is followed by a rash that forms blisters and crusts over.

Rodent

rodentsRodentiaRodentia indet.
The virus is believed to normally circulate among certain rodents in Africa.

DNA

deoxyribonucleic aciddouble-stranded DNAdsDNA
Diagnosis can be confirmed by testing a lesion for the virus's DNA.

Chickenpox

chicken poxvaricellaAntiviral therapy
The disease can appear similar to chickenpox.

Cidofovir

acyclic nucleoside phosphonatecidofovirin
Cidofovir may be useful as treatment.

Central Africa

CentralMiddle AfricaMiddle
The disease mostly occurs in Central and West Africa.

West Africa

Westwestern AfricaWestern
The disease mostly occurs in Central and West Africa.

Monkey

monkeysbush monkeychief monkey
It was first identified in 1958 among laboratory monkeys.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

CongoCongoleseDR Congo
Monkeypox as a disease in humans was first associated with an illness in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), in the town of Basankusu, Équateur Province, in 1970. The first cases in humans were found in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Gambia

Gambia🇬🇲Gambian
An outbreak that occurred in the United States in 2003 was traced to a pet store where imported Gambian rodents were sold.

Vaccinia

vaccinia virus Vaccinia virusvaccinia (VACV)

Virus

virusesviralvirion
Monkeypox virus causes the disease in both humans and animals.

Pathogen

pathogenspathogenicpathogenicity
It was first identified in 1958 as a pathogen of crab-eating macaque monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) being used as laboratory animals.