Monoculture

monoculturesmonoculturalmonospecificmono-culturalmonocroppingmonocultural crop productionsingle typespruce monoculture
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.wikipedia
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Agriculture

farmingagriculturalagriculturist
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time. The term is used in agriculture and describes the practice of planting the same cultivar over an extended area.
Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has in the past century come to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people worldwide still depend on subsistence agriculture.

Polyculture

polyculturaldiversificationmulti-species systems
Polyculture, where more than one crop is grown in the same space at the same time, is the alternative to monoculture.
Polyculture is the opposite of monoculture, in which only members of one plant or animal species are cultivated together.

Monoculture (computer science)

monoculturegroup of computersinherent dangers
The term monoculture is frequently applied for other uses to describe any group dominated by a single variety, e.g. social monoculturalism, or in the field of musicology to describe the dominance of the American and British music-industries in Western pop music, or in the field of computer science to describe a group of computers all running identical software.
All the computer systems in the community thus have the same vulnerabilities, and, like agricultural monocultures, are subject to catastrophic failure in the event of a successful attack.

Intensive farming

industrial agricultureintensive agricultureintensive
Monoculture is widely used in both industrial farming and organic farming and has allowed increased efficiency in planting and harvest.
There are also challenges to farmers relying on farming equipment optimized for monoculture, often resulting in increased labor inputs.

Forestry

loggingforestertimber trade
In forestry, monoculture refers to the planting of one species of tree.
Some of the advantages and disadvantages accruing to monoculture in farming also apply to monoculture in forestry.

Monocropping

monocropmono-croppingmono cropping systems
Continuous monoculture, or monocropping, where the same species is grown year after year, can lead to the quicker buildup of pests and diseases, and then rapid spread where a uniform crop is susceptible to a pathogen.
Monoculture

Crop diversity

Agricultural biodiversitycrop lossdiverse
Crop diversity
Crops are increasingly grown in monoculture, meaning that if, as in the historic Irish Potato Famine, a single disease overcomes a variety's resistance, it may destroy an entire harvest, or as in the case of the 'Gros Michel' banana, may cause the commercial extinction of an entire variety.

Green Revolution

agricultural revolutioncommercial large-scale monoculturehigh-yield IR8 rice cultivar
Given the very genetically similar strains of much of the world's wheat crops following the Green Revolution, the impacts of such diseases threaten agricultural production worldwide.
Miguel A. Altieri, (a pioneer of agroecology and peasant-advocate), writes that the comparison between traditional systems of agriculture and Green Revolution agriculture has been unfair, because Green Revolution agriculture produces monocultures of cereal grains, while traditional agriculture usually incorporates polycultures.

Biodiversity

diversitybiological diversitybiodiverse
Maintaining and increasing biodiversity in agriculture could help safeguard world food-supplies.
On monoculture farms, the approach is generally to eradicate associated diversity using a suite of biologically destructive pesticides, mechanized tools and transgenic engineering techniques, then to rotate crops.

Heirloom plant

heirloomheirloom varietiesheirloom variety
Heirloom gardening and raising heritage livestock breeds have come about largely as a reaction against monocultures in agriculture.
In modern agriculture in the industrialized world, most food crops are now grown in large, monocultural plots.

Harvest

harvestingcrop failureharvests
Seasonal peaks in harvesting activity can place demands on labor availability.
The proliferation of industrial monocultures, with their reduction in crop diversity and dependence on heavy use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides, has led to overexploited soils that are nearly incapable of regeneration.

Crop

cropsfood cropfood crops
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.

Organic farming

organicorganic agricultureorganic farm
Monoculture is widely used in both industrial farming and organic farming and has allowed increased efficiency in planting and harvest.

Pest (organism)

pestpestsagricultural pest
Continuous monoculture, or monocropping, where the same species is grown year after year, can lead to the quicker buildup of pests and diseases, and then rapid spread where a uniform crop is susceptible to a pathogen.

Disease

morbidityillnessdiseases
Continuous monoculture, or monocropping, where the same species is grown year after year, can lead to the quicker buildup of pests and diseases, and then rapid spread where a uniform crop is susceptible to a pathogen.

Pathogen

pathogenspathogenicpathogenicity
Continuous monoculture, or monocropping, where the same species is grown year after year, can lead to the quicker buildup of pests and diseases, and then rapid spread where a uniform crop is susceptible to a pathogen.

Food security

food insecurityfood supplyfood insecure
The practice has been criticized for its environmental effects and for putting the food supply chain at risk.

Monoculturalism

monoculturalhomogeneityhomogeneous
The term monoculture is frequently applied for other uses to describe any group dominated by a single variety, e.g. social monoculturalism, or in the field of musicology to describe the dominance of the American and British music-industries in Western pop music, or in the field of computer science to describe a group of computers all running identical software.

Pop music

PopAfropoppop song
The term monoculture is frequently applied for other uses to describe any group dominated by a single variety, e.g. social monoculturalism, or in the field of musicology to describe the dominance of the American and British music-industries in Western pop music, or in the field of computer science to describe a group of computers all running identical software.

Cultivar

cultivarsvarietycultivated variety
The term is used in agriculture and describes the practice of planting the same cultivar over an extended area.

Soil salinity

salinesaline soilssalinization
It also is beneficial because a crop can be tailor-planted for a location that has special problems – like soil salt or drought or a short growing season.

Drought

droughtsdrought reliefdry
It also is beneficial because a crop can be tailor-planted for a location that has special problems – like soil salt or drought or a short growing season.

Fertilizer

fertiliserfertilizersnitrogen fertilizer
In the last 40 years, modern practices such as monoculture planting and the use of synthesized fertilizers have reduced the amount of additional land needed to produce food.

Clearcutting

clearcutclear cutclear-cut
In forestry, monoculture stands that are planted and harvested as a unit provide limited resources for wildlife that depend on dead trees and openings, since all the trees are the same size; they are most often harvested by clearcutting, which drastically alters the habitat.

Lawn

GrassturfgrassGrass pitch
Examples of monoculture include lawns and most fields of wheat or corn.