Monoculture

monoculturesmonoculturalmonospecificmonocultural crop productionmono-culturalmonocroppingspruce monoculturesingle type
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.wikipedia
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Agriculture

farmingagriculturalagriculturist
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.
Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has in the past century come to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people worldwide still depend on subsistence agriculture.

Polyculture

polyculturaldiversificationmulti-species systems
Polyculture, where more than one crop is grown in the same space at the same time, is the alternative to monoculture.
Polyculture is agriculture using multiple crops in the same space, providing crop diversity in imitation of the diversity of natural ecosystems, and avoiding large stands of single crops, or monoculture.

Monoculture (computer science)

monoculturegroup of computersinherent dangers
The term monoculture is frequently applied for other uses to describe any group dominated by a single variety, e.g. social monoculturalism, or in the field of musicology to describe the dominance of the American and British music-industries in Western pop music, or in the field of computer science to describe a group of computers all running identical software.
All the computer systems in the community thus have the same vulnerabilities, and, like agricultural monocultures, are subject to catastrophic failure in the event of a successful attack.

Crop diversity

Agricultural biodiversitycrop lossdiversified crops
Crop diversity
Crops are increasingly grown in monoculture, meaning that if, as in the historic Irish Potato Famine, a single disease overcomes a variety's resistance, it may destroy an entire harvest, or as in the case of the 'Gros Michel' banana, may cause the commercial extinction of an entire variety.

Forestry

loggingforestertimber trade
In forestry, monoculture refers to the planting of one species of tree.
Some of the advantages and disadvantages accruing to monoculture in farming also apply to monoculture in forestry.

Biodiversity

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Maintaining and increasing biodiversity in agriculture could help safeguard world food-supplies.
On monoculture farms, the approach is generally to eradicate associated diversity using a suite of biologically destructive pesticides, mechanized tools and transgenic engineering techniques, then to rotate crops.

Green Revolution

techniquesagricultural revolutioncommercial large-scale monoculture
Given the very genetically similar strains of much of the world's wheat crops following the Green Revolution, the impacts of such diseases threaten agricultural production worldwide.
Miguel A. Altieri, (a pioneer of agroecology and peasant-advocate), writes that the comparison between traditional systems of agriculture and Green Revolution agriculture has been unfair, because Green Revolution agriculture produces monocultures of cereal grains, while traditional agriculture usually incorporates polycultures.

Heirloom plant

heirloomheirloom varietiesheirloom variety
Heirloom gardening and raising heritage livestock breeds have come about largely as a reaction against monocultures in agriculture.
In modern agriculture in the industrialized world, most food crops are now grown in large, monocultural plots.

Monocropping

monocropmono-croppingsingle product system
Continuous monoculture, or monocropping, where the same species is grown year after year, can lead to the quicker buildup of pests and diseases, and then rapid spread where a uniform crop is susceptible to a pathogen.
Monoculture

Harvest

harvestingcrop failureharvests
Seasonal peaks in harvesting activity can place demands on labor availability.
The proliferation of industrial monocultures, with their reduction in crop diversity and dependence on heavy use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides, has led to overexploited soils that are nearly incapable of regeneration.

Wood economy

woodforestry
The potential environmental damage that a wood economy could occasion include (problems of reduction the biodiversity due to monoculture forestry—the intensive cultivation of very few types of trees); and CO 2 emissions.

Cropping system

energy cropping systemscropping
Monoculture is the practice of growing a single crop in a given area, where polyculture involves growing multiple crops in an area.

Sonoma County, California

SonomaSonoma CountySonoma Counties
Sonoma County has rich agricultural land, albeit largely divided between two nearly monocultural uses as of 2007: grapes and pasturage.

Agriculture in Laos

Laotian drug cartels
This demonstrates that although there is interplanting of upland crops and fish are found in fields, irrigated rice agriculture remains basically a monoculture system despite government efforts to encourage crop diversification.

Postnaturalism

postnatural
The agricultural practice of monoculture, for instance, is just one example of postnatural organisms who have been bred to such an extent that the modern-day species look nothing like their pre-neolithic counterparts.

Bactris gasipaes

peach palmpijuayochontaduro
It is well spread in these regions where it is often cultivated by smallholders in agroforestry systems or, more rarely, in monoculture.

Criticisms of Cargill

Cargillbeef recallsa highly controversial development of 32,000 people and 12,000 houses
Produced in the world's tropics on industrial monoculture plantations, oil palm has severe and widespread negative impacts on the environment and local people.

Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture

multi-species cultivation techniquesMulti-trophic Aquacultureintegrated aquaculture
IMTA can synergistically increase total output, even if some of the crops yield less than they would, short-term, in a monoculture.

Hanover County, Virginia

Hanover CountyHanoverHanover Co.
The county was developed by planters moving west from the Virginia tidewater, where soils had been exhausted by tobacco monoculture.

Food sovereignty

food justice
As of late 2008, a law is in the draft stages that is expected to expand upon this constitutional provision by banning genetically modified organisms, protecting many areas of the country from extraction of non-renewable resources, and to discourage monoculture.

The Future of Food

Future of Food, The
It states that international companies are gradually driving farmers off their land in many countries, that monoculture farming might lead to global dependence of the human race on food corporations, and that there is an increased risk of ecological disasters caused by a reduction of biological diversity.

Social history of viruses

This agricultural revolution embraced the development of monoculture and presented an opportunity for the rapid spread of several species of plant viruses.

Renewable resource

renewablerenewable sourcesrenewable energy sources
Monoculture is a method of growing only one crop at a time in a given field, which can damage land and cause it to become either unusable or suffer from reduced yields.