Monsanto

Monsanto CompanyCalgeneMonsanto Industrial Chemicals Co.GenuityMonsanto Chemical WorksMonsanto Chemical CompanyMonsanto Co.Monsanto CorporationMonsarnoThe Monsanto Company
The Monsanto Company was an American agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation that existed from 1901 until 2018 when it was acquired by Bayer.wikipedia
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John Francis Queeny

The founder was John Francis Queeny, a 30‑year veteran of the nascent pharmaceutical industry.
He founded the Monsanto Chemical Works (later the Monsanto Company) in St. Louis, Missouri, on September 26, 1901, with $5,000.

Missouri

MOState of MissouriMo.
It was headquartered in Creve Coeur, Missouri.
Some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Monsanto, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, and O'Reilly Auto Parts.

Charles Allen Thomas

Charles A. ThomasCharles Thomas
In 1936, Monsanto acquired Thomas & Hochwalt Laboratories in Dayton, Ohio, to acquire the expertise of Charles Allen Thomas and Carroll A. Hochwalt.
It was acquired by Monsanto in 1936, and Thomas would spend the rest of his career with Monsanto, rising to become its president in 1950, and chairman of the board from 1960 to 1965.

Bayer

Bayer AGBayer CropScienceBayer Pharmaceuticals
The Monsanto Company was an American agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation that existed from 1901 until 2018 when it was acquired by Bayer. In 1954, Monsanto partnered with German chemical giant Bayer to form Mobay and market polyurethanes in the United States.
In 2006 the company acquired Schering, in 2014 it acquired Merck & Co.'s consumer business, with brands such as Claritin, Coppertone and Dr. Scholl's, and in 2018 it acquired Monsanto, a leading producer of genetically engineered crops, for $63 billion.

Dayton Project

Delmarsecret operationstop-secret lab
To that end, Monsanto operated the Dayton Project, and later Mound Laboratories, and assisted in the development of the first nuclear weapons.
The Dayton Project began in 1943 when Monsanto's Charles Allen Thomas was recruited by the Manhattan Project to coordinate the plutonium purification and production work being carried out at various sites.

AstroTurf

astro-turfastro turfAstroTurf 12
In 1964, Monsanto chemists invented AstroTurf (initially ChemGrass).
In 1987, Monsanto consolidated its AstroTurf management, marketing, and technical activities in Dalton, Georgia, as AstroTurf Industries, Inc. In 1988, Balsam AG purchased all the capital stock of AstroTurf Industries, Inc. In 1994, Southwest Recreational Industries, Inc. (SRI) acquired the AstroTurf brand.

Genetically modified crops

genetically modifiedtransgenic planttransgenic plants
Monsanto was one of four groups to introduce genes into plants (1983), and was among the first to conduct field trials of genetically modified crops, (1987).
In 1995 canola with modified oil composition (Calgene), Bt maize (Ciba-Geigy), bromoxynil-tolerant cotton (Calgene), Bt cotton (Monsanto), glyphosate-tolerant soybeans (Monsanto), virus-tolerant squash (Asgrow), and additional delayed ripening tomatoes (DNAP, Zeneca/Peto and Monsanto) were approved.

Edgar Monsanto Queeny

Queeny's son Edgar Monsanto Queeny took over the company in 1928.
Edgar Monsanto Queeny (September 29, 1897 - July 7, 1968) was a US industrialist, chairman of the Monsanto corporation from 1928 until his retirement in 1960.

DDT

dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanep,p'-DDTDichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)
The company once manufactured controversial products such as the insecticide DDT, PCBs, Agent Orange and recombinant bovine growth hormone.
In the United States, it was manufactured by some 15 companies, including Monsanto, Ciba, Montrose Chemical Company, Pennwalt, and Velsicol Chemical Corporation.

G.D. Searle, LLC

SearleG.D. SearleG. D. Searle
In 1985, Monsanto acquired G. D. Searle & Company, a life sciences company that focused on pharmaceuticals, agriculture and animal health.
It is currently used mainly as a distribution trademark for various pharmaceuticals that were developed by G. D. Searle & Company (often referred to as Searle). Prior to its 1985 merger with Monsanto, Searle was a company focusing on life sciences, specifically pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and animal health.

Mobay

Mobay Chemical CorporationMobay Corporation
In 1954, Monsanto partnered with German chemical giant Bayer to form Mobay and market polyurethanes in the United States.
Mobay Chemical Corporation, based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was a joint venture of Monsanto Company and Bayer to market polyurethanes in the United States.

Agracetus

In 1996, Monsanto purchased Agracetus, the biotechnology company that had generated the first transgenic cotton, soybeans, peanuts and other crops, and from which Monsanto had been licensing technology since 1991.
The Agracetus Campus of Monsanto Company is a soybean transformation laboratory, the world's greatest.

Light-emitting diode

LEDLEDslight emitting diodes
In 1968, it became the first company to start mass production of (visible) light-emitting diodes (LEDs), using gallium arsenide phosphide.
The Monsanto Company was the first organization to mass-produce visible LEDs, using gallium arsenide phosphide (GaAsP) in 1968 to produce red LEDs suitable for indicators.

Glyphosate

Roundupsuperweedsglyphosates
Monsanto developed Roundup, a glyphosate-based herbicide in the 1970s, and became a major producer of genetically engineered crops.
It was discovered to be an herbicide by Monsanto chemist John E. Franz in 1970.

Polyurethane

urethanepolyurethanesPU
In 1954, Monsanto partnered with German chemical giant Bayer to form Mobay and market polyurethanes in the United States.
Union Carbide and Mobay, a U.S. Monsanto/Bayer joint venture, also began making polyurethane chemicals.

Genetic engineering

genetically engineeredgenetic modificationgenetically modified
Monsanto developed Roundup, a glyphosate-based herbicide in the 1970s, and became a major producer of genetically engineered crops.
In 1994 Calgene attained approval to commercially release the first genetically modified food, the Flavr Savr, a tomato engineered to have a longer shelf life.

Sauget, Illinois

SaugetMonsanto, IllinoisSauget, IL
In 1926 the company founded and incorporated a town called Monsanto in Illinois (now known as Sauget).
It was formed to provide a lighter regulatory environment and low taxes for the Monsanto chemical plants at a time when local jurisdictions had most of the responsibility for environmental rules.

MON 863

MON863
Monsanto subsequently developed Bt maize (MON 802, MON 809, MON 863, MON 810), Bt soybean and Bt cotton.
MON 863 is a genetically engineered variety of maize produced by Monsanto.

Robert B. Shapiro

Robert ShapiroBob Shapiro
This involvement increased under the leadership of Robert Shapiro, appointed CEO in 1995, leading ultimately to the disposition of product lines unrelated to agriculture.
Robert B. Shapiro (born August 4, 1938 in New York City) is a businessman and attorney who has worked extensively with the biochemical corporations G. D. Searle & Company and Monsanto.

Solutia

Solutia Inc.
Monsanto agreed to indemnify Pharmacia against potential liabilities from judgments against Solutia.
The company was formed on September 1, 1997, as a divestiture of the Monsanto Company chemical business.

Genetically modified soybean

soybeanRoundup Ready soybeanglyphosate-resistant soybean
Monsanto subsequently developed Bt maize (MON 802, MON 809, MON 863, MON 810), Bt soybean and Bt cotton.
In 1998 the first genetically modified soybean was introduced to the U.S. market, by Monsanto.

Bovine somatotropin

rBGHbovine growth hormonegrowth hormones
The company once manufactured controversial products such as the insecticide DDT, PCBs, Agent Orange and recombinant bovine growth hormone.
After the biotech company Genentech discovered and patented the gene for BST in the 1970s, it became possible to synthesize the hormone using recombinant DNA technology to create recombinant bovine somatotropin (rBST), recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH), or artificial growth hormone. Four large pharmaceutical companies, Monsanto, American Cyanamid, Eli Lilly, and Upjohn, developed commercial rBST products and submitted them to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for approval.

Genetically modified maize

genetically modified cornBt cornBt maize
Monsanto subsequently developed Bt maize (MON 802, MON 809, MON 863, MON 810), Bt soybean and Bt cotton.
Corn varieties resistant to glyphosate herbicides were first commercialized in 1996 by Monsanto, and are known as "Roundup Ready Corn".

SmartStax

One of these, created in collaboration with Dow Chemical Company, is called SmartStax.
SmartStax is a brand of genetically modified seed made through a collaboration between Monsanto Company and Dow Chemical Company.

Monsanto process

MonsantoMonsanto acetic acid processTennessee Eastman acetic anhydride process
In the mid-1960s, chemists at Monsanto developed the Monsanto process for making acetic acid, which until 2000 was the most widely used production method.
It was developed in 1960 by the German chemical company, BASF, and improved by the Monsanto Company in 1966, which introduced a new catalyst system.