Polyurethane synthesis, wherein the urethane groups −NH−(C=O)−O− link the molecular units
A kitchen sponge made of polyurethane foam
Prof. Otto Bayer in 1952 demonstrating his creation
800px
MDI isomers and polymer
Open-flame test. Top: untreated polyurethane foam burns vigorously. Bottom: with fire-retardant treatment.
Polyurethane foam made with an aromatic isocyanate, which has been exposed to UV light. Readily apparent is the discoloration that occurs over time.
A high-pressure polyurethane dispense unit, showing control panel, high-pressure pump, integral day tanks, and hydraulic drive unit
A high-pressure mix head, showing simple controls (front view)
A high-pressure mix head, showing material supply and hydraulic actuator lines (rear view)
A low-pressure mix head with calibration chamber installed, showing material supply and air actuator lines
Low-pressure mix head components, including mix chambers, conical mixers, and mounting plates
5-gallon (20-liter) material day tanks for supplying a low-pressure dispense unit

Union Carbide and Mobay, a U.S. Monsanto/Bayer joint venture, also began making polyurethane chemicals.

- Polyurethane

In 1954, Monsanto partnered with German chemical giant Bayer to form Mobay and market polyurethanes in the United States.

- Monsanto
Polyurethane synthesis, wherein the urethane groups −NH−(C=O)−O− link the molecular units

4 related topics

Alpha

BASF

German multinational chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.

German multinational chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.

BASF Werk in Ludwigshafen, 1865
BASF Werk in Ludwigshafen, 1881
BASF main laboratory in Ludwigshafen, 1887
Indigo production at BASF in 1890
Company scrip from Badische Anilin- & Soda-Fabrik, 2 Pfennig Gutschein, ca. 1918
Former BASF headquarters building in Ludwigshafen
BASF Portsmouth Site in the West Norfolk area of Portsmouth, Virginia, United States. The plant is served by the Commonwealth Railway.
BASF visitor center, Ludwigshafen, Germany
BASF-sponsored Museum for Laquerware in Münster, Germany
BASF in Ludwigshafen
Ludwigshafen production site at night.

In October 2017, BASF announced it would buy seed and herbicide businesses from Bayer for €5.9 billion ($7 billion), as part of its acquisition of Monsanto.

BASF's Polyurethanes business consists of diverse technologies and finished products.

Bayer

German multinational pharmaceutical and life sciences company and one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world.

German multinational pharmaceutical and life sciences company and one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world.

Bayer facility in Leverkusen
Share of Farbenfabriken vorm. Friedr. Bayer & Comp in Elberfeld, issued 1 May 1908
Bayer cross, Leverkusen
Bottle of Bayer aspirin, 1899
Bayer Heroin bottle
Bayer advertisement, 1911
Bayer has owned Alka-Seltzer since 1978.
Undated copper token of Bayer
Headquarters of Bayer Pharmaceuticals in Berlin-Wedding

Other commonly known products initially commercialized by Bayer include heroin, phenobarbitol, polyurethanes, and polycarbonates.

In May 2016, Bayer offered to buy U.S. seeds company Monsanto for $62 billion.

Mobay logo

Mobay

Mobay logo

Mobay Chemical Corporation, based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was a joint venture of Monsanto Company and Bayer to market polyurethanes in the United States.

Dow Chemical Company

American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States and is a subsidiary of Dow Inc. The company is among the three largest chemical producers in the world.

American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States and is a subsidiary of Dow Inc. The company is among the three largest chemical producers in the world.

Former Dow Chemical Corporate headquarters in Midland, Michigan.
Founder Herbert Henry Dow
Bromine
U.S. Army helicopter spraying Agent Orange over agricultural land during the Vietnam War
Dow Chemical banner in Bhopal, India, 2010
Andrew N. Liveris
Watershed of the Tittabawassee River, including Midland, site of the Dow Chemical works.
Superfund site in Uravan

Dow is a large producer of plastics, including polystyrene, polyurethane, polyethylene, polypropylene, and synthetic rubber.

In 2005, a lawsuit was filed by Vietnamese victims of Agent Orange against Dow and Monsanto Co., which also supplied Agent Orange to the military.