Monsanto

American agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation founded in 1901 and headquartered in Creve Coeur, Missouri.

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Official portrait, 2001

Donald Rumsfeld

American politician, government official and businessman who served as secretary of defense from 1975 to 1977 under president Gerald Ford, and again from 2001 to 2006 under President George W. Bush.

American politician, government official and businessman who served as secretary of defense from 1975 to 1977 under president Gerald Ford, and again from 2001 to 2006 under President George W. Bush.

Official portrait, 2001
Rumsfeld's 1954 yearbook portrait from Princeton
Rumsfeld (right, standing) as a Navy lieutenant in 1955.
Rumsfeld during his time in Congress
Rumsfeld during his tenure as Illinois's 13th district Congressman with House Minority Leader and Future U.S. President Gerald Ford. Rumsfeld played major role in endorsing Gerald Ford to be the next leader of Republican Party within the House of Representative and ultimately bringing Gerald Ford into the leadership of the Republican Party within the House of Representative during Rumsfeld's tenure in House of Representative.
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Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General George S. Brown during testimony at Senate Armed Services Committee on January 15, 1976.
Rumsfeld with U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Secretary of State George Shultz in the Oval Office, White House on November 3, 1983.
As President Reagan's Special Envoy to the Middle East, Rumsfeld met with Saddam Hussein during a visit to Baghdad in December 1983, during the Iran–Iraq War (see video [[:File:Shakinghands high.OGG|here]]).
Rumsfeld is administered the oath of office as the 21st Secretary of Defense on January 20, 2001, by Director of Administration and Management David O. Cooke (left), as Joyce Rumsfeld holds the Bible in a ceremony at the Eisenhower Executive Office Building
"The Pentagon is functioning" was the message Rumsfeld stressed during a press conference in the Pentagon briefing room barely eight hours after terrorists crashed a hijacked commercial jetliner into the Pentagon. Rumsfeld is flanked, left to right, by Secretary of the Army Tom White, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Hugh Shelton, and Senators John Warner (R-VA), and Carl Levin (D-MI), the Ranking Member and Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee.
Rumsfeld and New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani speak at the site of the World Trade Center attacks in Lower Manhattan on November 14, 2001
Excerpt from Donald Rumsfeld memo dated November 27, 2001
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers, U.S. Air Force during a press conference at The Pentagon on January 24, 2002.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld converses with U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan Dr. Zalmay Khalilzad during a visit to Kandahar, Afghanistan, on February 26, 2004, accompanied by Lieutenant General David Barno and Brigadier General Lloyd Austin.
Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers inspecting the joint services honor guard during the opening ceremonies of the Joint Service Open House at Andrews Air Forces Base, Maryland, May 17, 2002.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld accompanied by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers and joined by military representatives from 29 countries of the worldwide coalition on the war against terrorism, while speaking to the reporter outside The Pentagon on March 11, 2002.
Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld (left) and the Commander of U.S. Central Command General Tommy Franks, listen to a question at the close of a Pentagon press conference on March 5, 2003. Rumsfeld and Franks gave reporters an operational update and fielded questions on the possible conflict in Iraq.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers addressing the airmen, Marines and soldiers in the Al-Faw Palace at Camp Victory, Iraq on May 13, 2004.
Comment from Rumsfeld: "I stand for 8–10 hours a day. Why is standing [by prisoners] limited to 4 hours?"
Rumsfeld poses with Marines during one of his trips to Camp Fallujah, Iraq, on Christmas Eve 2004.
Rumsfeld with former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher alongside the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Peter Pace, 2006
Rumsfeld shakes President Bush's hand as he announces his resignation, November 8, 2006.
Rumsfeld shares a laugh with his successor, Robert Gates, at a ceremony to unveil his official portrait as Secretary of Defense, June 25, 2010
Dedication ceremony of the Pentagon Memorial in 2008
Rumsfeld greeting former president George W. Bush in 2019
Rumsfeld gives the command at the 2005 Pepsi 400, where he served as the grand marshal
Rumsfeld in the Pentagon auditorium for his final meeting with Pentagon employees, December 8, 2006
Rumsfeld's official portrait in 2001
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld at his office in The Pentagon.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Journalist and Television host Martin Agronsky at Rumsfeld's Office in The Pentagon.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with President-Elect Jimmy Carter and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General George S. Brown and the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during a tour at The Pentagon on December 17, 1976.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld following a test flight on a brand new Strategic Bomber aircraft Rockwell B-1 Lancer, April 1976.
President George W. Bush, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld, and Deputy Secretary Wolfowitz in March 2003
Secretary Rumsfeld responds to a reporter's question during a Pentagon press briefing. Rumsfeld and General Richard Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, gave reporters an operational update on Operation Iraqi Freedom on October 2, 2003.
United States Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with former United States Air Force Chief of Staff General Larry D. Welch during a meeting for members of the Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States at The Pentagon.
Rumsfeld with Uzbek Defense Minister Kadyr Gulyamov. Uzbekistan was a key ally in the War on Terror.
Rumsfeld with Russian Minister of Defense Sergei Ivanov on March 13, 2002. Russia actively supported the American war against terrorism.
Rumsfeld with Indonesian Minister of Defense Juwono Sudarsono in Jakarta, Indonesia, June 7, 2006.
Rumsfeld with Afghanistan's President Hamid Karzai during a press conference at the Presidential Palace in Kabul, Afghanistan on April 13, 2005.
Rumsfeld with Major General Karl Eikenberry during a visit to Afghan Army Military Training Center in Kabul, Afghanistan on May 1, 2003.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General George S. Brown at The Pentagon, January 15, 1976.
Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, President Ford and Rumsfeld in Vladivostok, Soviet Union, November 1974.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Chairman of The Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz testifying before the 9/11 Commission in March 2004.
Rumsfeld and Victoria Nuland at the NATO-Ukraine consultations in Vilnius, Lithuania, on October 24, 2005.
Rumsfeld and Cheney with President Ford at The Oval Office.
White House Chief of Staff Donald Rumsfeld with President Gerald Ford at the Oval Office, White House.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Vice President Nelson Rockefeller in 1976.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Chairman of The Joint Chiefs of Staff General George S. Brown, National Security Advisor Lieutenant General Brent Scowcroft, and C.I.A. Director George H.W. Bush at The Oval Office, White House, March 11, 1976.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld testifying at Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on the Defense Department budget on March 9, 1976.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld speaking during a press conference at The Pentagon on October 6, 1976.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld during an Interview with WMAL-TV reporter Jim Clark at The Pentagon Studio on November 4, 1976.
Donald Rumsfeld with President Ronald Reagan at The Oval Office in 1983.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld watches as General Richard B. Myers was sworn in as the 15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, October 1, 2001.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with President George W. Bush, following President Bush's visit to The Pentagon to address military and Department of Defense personnel and sign the Defense Appropriations Bill, January 10, 2002
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, President George W. Bush, Chairman of The Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers, and Vice Chairman of The Joint Chiefs of Staff General Peter Pace watch troops pass in review at Fort Myer, Virginia, on October 15, 2001.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with troops at Bagram Air Base, December 2001
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers during the annual Pentagon Town Hall meeting at The Pentagon auditorium.
Secretary Rumsfeld during a visit to Buenos Aires, Argentina.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld during a visit to Bagram Air Force Base.
Rumsfeld with UK Secretary of State for Defence Geoffrey Hoon.

In 1985, Searle was sold to the Monsanto Company.

A gene gun uses biolistics to insert DNA into plant tissue.

Genetically modified organism

Any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.

Any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.

A gene gun uses biolistics to insert DNA into plant tissue.
Herbert Boyer (pictured) and Stanley Cohen created the first genetically modified organism in 1973.
In 1974, Rudolf Jaenisch created the first genetically modified animal.
This artwork is made with bacteria modified to express 8 different colors of fluorescent proteins.
Tissue culture used to regenerate Arabidopsis thaliana
Suntory "blue" rose
Wild type peanut (top) and transgenic peanut with Bacillus thuringiensis gene added (bottom) exposed to cornstalk borer larva.
Kenyans examining insect-resistant transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn
Golden rice compared to white rice
Some chimeras, like the blotched mouse shown, are created through genetic modification techniques like gene targeting.
Mice expressing the green fluorescent protein
Frog expressing Green fluorescent protein
Transgenic Hydra expressing Green fluorescent protein
A label marking this peanut butter as being non-GMO
Detail of a French cheese box declaring "GMO-free" production (i.e., below 0.9%)
A protester advocating for the labeling of GMOs

In 1994, Calgene attained approval to commercially release the Flavr Savr tomato, the first genetically modified food.

Missouri

State in the Midwestern region of the United States.

State in the Midwestern region of the United States.

The Gateway Arch in St. Louis
Fur Traders Descending the Missouri by Missouri painter George Caleb Bingham
The states and territories of the United States as a result of Missouri's admission as a state on August 10, 1821. The remainder of the former Missouri Territory became unorganized territory.
Price's Raid in the Trans-Mississippi Theater, 1864
Union Station in St. Louis was the world's largest and busiest train station when it opened in 1894.
Child shoe workers in Kirksville, Missouri, 1910
General John J. Pershing, commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I, was raised in Laclede, Missouri.
African American boy in a sharecropper shack, New Madrid County, 1938.
A physiographic map of Missouri
The Bell Mountain Wilderness of southern Missouri's Mark Twain National Forest
Köppen climate types of Missouri
The Lake of the Ozarks is one of several man-made lakes in Missouri, created by the damming of several rivers and tributaries. The lake has a surface area of 54,000 acres and 1,150 miles of shoreline and has become a popular tourist destination.
Missouri River near Rocheport, Missouri
Missouri population density map
The population center for the United States has been in Missouri since 1980. As of 2020, it is near Interstate 44 in Missouri as it approaches Springfield.
Missouri State quarter featuring the Lewis and Clark expedition
Meramec Caverns
The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City services the western portion of Missouri, as well as all of Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, and northern New Mexico.
Amtrak station in Kirkwood
Kansas City Streetcar near Union Station
The Mississippi River at Hannibal
The Missouri State Capitol in Jefferson City
The Governor's Mansion is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
Jesse Hall on the University of Missouri campus
Brookings Hall at Washington University in St. Louis
The historic Gem Theatre, located in Kansas City's renowned 18th and Vine Jazz District
Mark Twain's boyhood home in Hannibal
Missouri has four major sports teams: the Royals and Cardinals of MLB, the Chiefs of the NFL, and the Blues of the NHL.
A mural honoring the Kansas City Chiefs on the wall of the Westport Alehouse in Kansas City, MO.
The St. Louis Cardinals playing at Busch Stadium

Some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Monsanto, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, Centene Corporation, and O'Reilly Auto Parts.

Sugar beet

Plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production.

Plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production.

A geneticist evaluates sugar beet plants, resistant to the fungal disease Rhizoctonia root rot, for pollen fertility (United States, c. 2013).
French sugar beet mill in operation in the 1840s
A sugar beet farm in Switzerland
Worldwide sugar beet production
A sugar beet harvest in progress, Germany
Sugar beet output in 2009
Dried sugar beet cossettes
A beet harvester
A sugar beet farm in Belgium: Beyond the field is the sugar factory.
A sugar refinery in Allscott in Shropshire, England
Tuzemák, a sugar-beet-based alcohol brand from Czech Republic, is golden red in color.
Sugar beet molasses in France, used as cattle fodder supplement
Sugar beet farming using dam culture method. Used in Russia, Germany, France, Ukraine, Turkey, China, Poland, and sometimes Egypt.

In the United States, genetically modified sugar beets, engineered for resistance to glyphosate, a herbicide marketed as Roundup, were developed by Monsanto as a genetically modified crop.

Mobay logo

Mobay

Mobay logo

Mobay Chemical Corporation, based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was a joint venture of Monsanto Company and Bayer to market polyurethanes in the United States.

rBST is a product allowed only in certain jurisdictions and primarily given to dairy cattle by injection to increase milk production.

Bovine somatotropin

Peptide hormone produced by cows' pituitary glands.

Peptide hormone produced by cows' pituitary glands.

rBST is a product allowed only in certain jurisdictions and primarily given to dairy cattle by injection to increase milk production.
Image of peptide somatotropine.

Four large pharmaceutical companies, Monsanto, American Cyanamid, Eli Lilly, and Upjohn, developed commercial rBST products and submitted them to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for approval.

International Agency for Research on Cancer

Intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.

Intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.

Exterior of the main building of the headquarters for the International Agency of Research on Cancer

On 20 March 2015, IARC classified glyphosate, the most widely used weed killing substance in the world sold under the brand name of Roundup by Monsanto, as "probably carcinogenic to humans" (Group 2A).

A view of Seiwa-en, the largest Japanese garden in North America

Missouri Botanical Garden

Botanical garden located at 4344 Shaw Boulevard in St. Louis, Missouri.

Botanical garden located at 4344 Shaw Boulevard in St. Louis, Missouri.

A view of Seiwa-en, the largest Japanese garden in North America
A manicured garden of Victorian style plantings at the Missouri Botanical Garden
The Climatron greenhouse at the Missouri Botanical Garden simulates the climate of a rainforest for conservational and educational purposes.
Stereoscopic view of statuary and flowers at Shaw's Garden by Truman Ward Ingersoll
Tower Grove House seen here behind a hedge maze
A yatsu-hashi bridge in the garden.
Bonsai
Site plan, as of 1974–1977
Henry Shaw's mausoleum is located in the gardens.
Seiwa-en
A fountain
Part of the children's area
A statue of George Washington Carver
Part of the children's water play area

Monsanto had donated $10 million to the Missouri Botanical Garden since the 1970s, which named its 1998 plant science facility the "Monsanto Center".

The catalytic cycle of the Monsanto process

Monsanto process

Industrial method for the manufacture of acetic acid by catalytic carbonylation of methanol.

Industrial method for the manufacture of acetic acid by catalytic carbonylation of methanol.

The catalytic cycle of the Monsanto process

It was developed in 1960 by the German chemical company, BASF, and improved by the Monsanto Company in 1966, which introduced a new catalyst system.

318 Monsanto St., East St Louis, Il.

Solutia

American manufacturer of materials and specialty chemicals including polyvinyl butyral , ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) interlayers for laminated glass, aftermarket window films, protective barrier and conductive films, and rubber processing chemicals.

American manufacturer of materials and specialty chemicals including polyvinyl butyral , ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) interlayers for laminated glass, aftermarket window films, protective barrier and conductive films, and rubber processing chemicals.

318 Monsanto St., East St Louis, Il.

The company was formed on September 1, 1997, as a divestiture of the Monsanto Company chemical business.