Monsoon of South Asia

monsoonIndian monsoonmonsoon seasonSouth Asian monsoonsouthwest monsoonAsian monsoonmonsoonssouth-west monsoonmonsoonalIndian monsoons
The monsoon of South Asia is among several geographically distributed global monsoons.wikipedia
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Himalayas

HimalayaHimalayanHimalayan Mountains
It also forms a barrier for the monsoon winds, keeping them from traveling northwards, and causing heavy rainfall in the Terai region.

Equator

equatorial planeThe Equator
Alternating belts of high pressure and low pressure develop along the equator, the two tropics, the Arctic and Antarctic circles, and the two polar regions, giving rise to the trade winds, the westerlies, and the polar easterlies.
Lowlands around the equator generally have a tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, though cold currents cause some regions to have tropical monsoon climates with a dry season in the middle of the year, and the Somali Current generated by the Asian monsoon due to continental heating via the high Tibetan Plateau causes Greater Somalia to have an arid climate despite its equatorial location.

Mawsynram

Mawsynram, IndiaRyngku
Mawsynram and Cherrapunji, both in the Indian state of Meghalaya, alternate as the wettest places on Earth given the quantity of their rainfall, though there are other cities with similar claims.
Mawsynram receives over 10,000 millimeters of rain in an average year, and the vast majority of rain it falls during the monsoon months.

Climate of India

ClimateTropical monsoonhot
It also forms a barrier for the monsoon winds, keeping them from travelling northwards, and causing heavy rainfall in the Terai region instead.

Monsoon

southwest monsoonmonsoonsnortheast monsoon
The monsoon of South Asia is among several geographically distributed global monsoons.

Weather

weather conditionsweather systemselements
It affects the Indian subcontinent, where it is one of the oldest and most anticipated weather phenomena and an economically important pattern every year from June through September, but it is only partly understood and notoriously difficult to predict.

Geography of India

Indiageographyrange of stepped-hill
The unique geographical features of the Indian subcontinent, along with associated atmospheric, oceanic, and geophysical factors, influence the behavior of the monsoon.

Atmosphere

atmosphericatmospheresplanetary atmospheres
The unique geographical features of the Indian subcontinent, along with associated atmospheric, oceanic, and geophysical factors, influence the behavior of the monsoon.

Ocean

marineoceansmaritime
The unique geographical features of the Indian subcontinent, along with associated atmospheric, oceanic, and geophysical factors, influence the behavior of the monsoon.

Geophysics

geophysicistgeophysicalgeophysicists
The unique geographical features of the Indian subcontinent, along with associated atmospheric, oceanic, and geophysical factors, influence the behavior of the monsoon.

Organism

organismsflora and faunaliving organisms
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Bhutan

Kingdom of BhutanBhutaneseBootan
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of NepalNepaleseNepali
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Sri Lanka

CeylonCeyloneseDemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Economy

economiceconomiesnational economy
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Social

Social dramasociallysocio
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Natural environment

environmentenvironmentalpaleoenvironment
Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, and on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka — among other economic, social, and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated, tracked, and studied weather phenomena in the region.

Wind

windsgustsgust
The word monsoon (derived from the Arabic "mausam", meaning "season"), although generally defined as a system of winds characterized by a seasonal reversal of direction, lacks a consistent, detailed definition.

Arabian Sea

North Arabian SeaIndia's west coastNorthern Arabian Sea

Precipitation

rainfallhydrometeorannual precipitation