Montana Territory

Map of the Montana Territory, 1879
Map of the Montana Territory, 1879
de Lacy's 1865 map of the Montana Territory
de Lacy's 1872 map of the Montana Territory

Organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 26, 1864, until November 8, 1889, when it was admitted as the 41st state in the Union as the state of Montana.

- Montana Territory
Map of the Montana Territory, 1879

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Idaho Territory

Organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as Idaho.

Organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as Idaho.

Seal of the Idaho Territory, 1863–1866
Entrance to the Old Penitentiary
Old Washington Territory{{mdash}}and the portions ceded to Nebraska Territory on March 2, 1861, and to Idaho Territory in 1863.
The Idaho Territory in 1863
Areas ceded to the Montana and Dakota Territories in 1864
The Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming Territories in 1868

In 1864, the Montana Territory was organized from the northeastern section of the territory east of the Bitterroot Range.

Montana

State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

Early Indian treaty territories in Montana
Assiniboine family, Montana, 1890–91
Montana Territory in 1865
Chief Joseph and Col. John Gibbon met again on the Big Hole Battlefield site in 1889.
Buffalo Soldiers, Ft. Keogh, Montana, 1890. The nickname was given to the "Black Cavalry" by the Native American tribes they fought.
Mennonite family in Montana, c. 1937
Map of Montana
Relief map of Montana
Saint Mary Lake in Glacier National Park
Belly River in Waterton Lakes National Park
Missouri Breaks region in central Montana
Pompeys Pillar National Monument
Quake Lake was created by a landslide during the 1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake.
Temperature and precipitation for Montana's capital city, Helena
Köppen climate types of Montana, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Clark Fork River, Missoula, in autumn
Missoula, the second-largest city in Montana
Montana population density map
Population of Montana 1870–2018
Indian reservations in Montana. Borders are not exact.
Montana ranks 2nd nationally in craft breweries per capita.
First Interstate Center, in downtown Billings, is the tallest building in Montana.
Dancers at Crow Fair in 1941
Montana State Bobcats football at Bobcat Stadium (Montana State University), Bozeman
Lone Mountain at Big Sky Ski Resort
The Big Sky Resort
The Palisades area on the north end of the ski area at Red Lodge Mountain Resort
Guided snowmobile tours in Yellowstone Park
Yellowstone Airport, West Yellowstone, Montana
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election

When Ashley presented a bill to establish a temporary government in 1864 for a new territory to be carved out of Idaho, he again chose Montana Territory.

Dakota Territory

Organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1861, until November 2, 1889, when the final extent of the reduced territory was split and admitted to the Union as the states of North Dakota and South Dakota.

Organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1861, until November 2, 1889, when the final extent of the reduced territory was split and admitted to the Union as the states of North Dakota and South Dakota.

Historical coat of arms of the Dakota Territory (illustrated in 1876)
Map of the Dakota Territory, c. 1886

A small patch of land known as "Lost Dakota" existed as a remote exclave of Dakota Territory until it became part of Gallatin County, Montana Territory, in 1873.

Sidney Edgerton

American politician, lawyer, judge and teacher from Ohio.

American politician, lawyer, judge and teacher from Ohio.

Sidney Edgerton ca. 1860–1865
John Brown in 1859
Idaho Territory in 1863
Idaho Territory, Montana Territory, and Dakota Territory, in 1864
Sheriff Henry Plummer, before his lynching

He had a successful career as a politician, and after his term ended in the Territory of Montana, Edgerton returned to Ohio.

Map showing North American territorial boundaries leading up to the American Revolution and the founding of the United States: British claims are indicated in red and pink, while Spanish claims are in orange and yellow.

Historic regions of the United States

The territory of the United States and its overseas possessions has evolved over time, from the colonial era to the present day.

The territory of the United States and its overseas possessions has evolved over time, from the colonial era to the present day.

Map showing North American territorial boundaries leading up to the American Revolution and the founding of the United States: British claims are indicated in red and pink, while Spanish claims are in orange and yellow.
Map showing mid 17th century claims and land grant boundaries. Some colonies seen here are: Nova Scotia (NSc), Territory of Sagadahock (TS), First Province of Maine (Me), New Hampshire (NH), Plymouth (PC), Massachusetts Bay (MBC), New Netherland (NN), New Sweden (NSw), and Lord Baltimore's Land (Md; Maryland)
New World settlements of The Netherlands, collectively called New Netherland
The Massachusetts Bay Colony
French settlements and forts in the so-called Illinois Country, 1763, which encompassed parts of the modern day states of Illinois, Missouri, Indiana and Kentucky)
A 1775 map of the German Coast, a historical region of present-day Louisiana located above New Orleans on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River
Vandalia was the name of a proposed British colony located south of the Ohio River, primarily in what is now the U.S. states of West Virginia and eastern Kentucky
A proposal for the creation of Westsylvania was largely deterred by the Revolutionary War
National Atlas map of United States territorial acquisitions
Seward's Folly. The controversial purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867 turned out to be a great deal for the U.S. when the area proved to contain a treasure trove of natural resources.
The Oregon Country. The dispute over Oregon, between Britain and the U.S., led to an uneasy, parallel governing of the territory for almost 30 years.
Progression of the Indian Territory separation from the Arkansaw Territory, 1819–1836
Indiana lands acquired through treaties
The first state cessions. The 13 original states ceded their western claims to the federal government, allowing for the creation of the country's first western territories and states.
The Northwest Territory was a large and (at times) ill-defined territory ceded by Great Britain to the U.S. at the end of the Revolutionary War. British troops still occupied parts of the area well past 1800.
United States territorial expansion since 1803, maps by William R. Shepherd (1923)
Census Bureau map depicting territorial acquisitions and effective dates of statehood
The Ohio Country, indicating battle sites between settlers and Native American Tribes, 1775–1794
Selected tract purchases of western New York State
Map of the Ohio Lands
Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, along with No Man's Land (also known as the Oklahoma Panhandle). The division of the two territories is shown with a heavy purple line. Together, these three areas would become the State of Oklahoma in 1907.
Pennsylvania land purchases from Native Americans
Post-Civil War military districts were set up to aid in the repatriation process of the southern states during Reconstruction.
The Panama Canal Zone was once a territory of the United States
The boundaries of the State of Deseret, as proposed in 1849
Animated map of secession and repatriation of the Confederacy, 1860–1870
The proposed State of Superior. The red areas show the counties of the Upper Peninsula that are generally accepted as being part of the proposed state. The pink areas show the counties of the "expanded" proposal.
The failed State of Lincoln, with its proposed 1868 boundaries
The Philippines was a commonwealth of the United States, 1935–1946
Worldwide location of current U.S. insular areas:
The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Territory of Montana (1864–1889) became the State of Montana.

Little Wolf/Little Coyote in Fort Laramie, in May 1868.

Little Wolf

Northern Só'taeo'o Chief and Sweet Medicine Chief of the Northern Cheyenne.

Northern Só'taeo'o Chief and Sweet Medicine Chief of the Northern Cheyenne.

Little Wolf/Little Coyote in Fort Laramie, in May 1868.
Little Coyote (Little Wolf) and Morning Star (Dull Knife), Chiefs of the Northern Cheyennes
Laban Little Wolf, a nephew of Little Wolf, by Edward Sheriff Curtis

In September 1878, Little Wolf and Dull Knife led almost 300 Cheyenne from their reservation near Fort Reno, Oklahoma, through Kansas, Nebraska, and the Dakota Territory into the Montana Territory, their ancestral home.

Battle of the Little Big Horn known as Custer's Last Stand.

List of military disasters

Defeat of one side in a battle or war which results in the complete failure of the losing side to achieve their objectives.

Defeat of one side in a battle or war which results in the complete failure of the losing side to achieve their objectives.

Battle of the Little Big Horn known as Custer's Last Stand.
The fall of Spanish Armada in 1588
Surrender of General Burgoyne; this painting hangs in the United States Capitol Rotunda
Surrendering British troops held at gunpoint by Japanese infantry in the battle of Singapore

Battle of the Little Bighorn (June 1876). Montana Territory. Lieutenant Colonel George Custer attacked a superior force of armed Lakota Sioux warriors. He was killed and five of the twelve companies of 7th Cavalry Regiment were annihilated. 268 U.S. troopers were killed and 55 were wounded.

Saskatchewan

Prairie and boreal province in Western Canada, the middle of the three prairie provinces.

Prairie and boreal province in Western Canada, the middle of the three prairie provinces.

A topographic map of Saskatchewan, showing cities, towns, rural municipality borders, and natural features.
Köppen climate types of Saskatchewan
Henry Kelsey observing a herd of bison on the western plains. Kelsey is believed to be the first European to visit Saskatchewan.
The Battle of Batoche was a battle during the North-West Rebellion.
An ad to attract immigrants to Western Canada, 1898
A banquet being held to commemorate the creation of Saskatchewan, 1905
Farmers at work in 1907. The introduction of Marquis wheat saw wheat output soar in the province.
A memorial stone for Ukrainian Canadians interned during the First World War at the Saskatchewan Railway Museum
An equestrian statue of Elizabeth II in Regina. The statue was unveiled by the Queen in 2005.
Population density of Saskatchewan
A PotashCorp mine in Patience Lake. The province is the world's largest exporter of potash.
The Royal University Hospital is one of several hospitals operating in Saskatchewan.
The Saskatchewan Legislative Building serves as the meeting place for the province's legislative assembly.
Distribution of Saskatchewan's 466 urban, 296 rural and 24 northern municipalities (2013)
The CanAm Highway near Buffalo Pound Lake
The Royal Saskatchewan Museum is a natural history museum based in Saskatchewan.
Mosaic Stadium is the home stadium for the Saskatchewan Roughriders, a professional Canadian football team.
A pond hockey rink set up on Emma Lake
The official tartan of Saskatchewan, created in 1961

In 1876, following their defeat of United States Army forces at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana Territory in the United States, the Lakota Chief Sitting Bull led several thousand of his people to Wood Mountain.

Punch cartoon from June 17. Russia preparing to let slip the "Dogs of War", its imminent engagement in the growing Balkan conflict between Slavic states and Turkey, while policeman John Bull (Britain) warns Russia to take care. The Slavic states of Serbia and Montenegro would declare war on Turkey two weeks later.

1876

January 1

January 1

Punch cartoon from June 17. Russia preparing to let slip the "Dogs of War", its imminent engagement in the growing Balkan conflict between Slavic states and Turkey, while policeman John Bull (Britain) warns Russia to take care. The Slavic states of Serbia and Montenegro would declare war on Turkey two weeks later.
Konrad Adenauer
Otto Diels
Pope Pius XII
Óscar R. Benavides
Wilhelm Cuno
Alphaeus Philemon Cole
Mata Hari
James Scullin
Karl Leopold von Möller
Adolf Windaus
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Manhattan construction
General George Armstrong Custer
Wild Bill Hickok

June 17 – American Indian Wars: Battle of the Rosebud – 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne, led by Crazy Horse, beat back General George Crook's forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory.

Boise, Idaho

Capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Idaho and is the county seat of Ada County.

Capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Idaho and is the county seat of Ada County.

Boise skyline in winter 2021
Floating the Boise River
Main Street in 1911
Satellite photo of Boise and surrounding area in 2021, taken from ESA Sentinel-2
Ann Morrison Park in spring
Hyde Park
Boise Art Museum
Historical Home on Boise's Basque Block
Idaho Historical Museum
Capitol in July
Anne Frank Human Rights Memorial
Boise Basque Soccer Friendly, July 2015
BoDo
Boise's Carnegie Public Library opened in 1905 on Washington St. and remained at that site until the library moved in 1973.

After a year, with the creation of Montana Territory, Boise was made the territorial capital of a much reduced Idaho in a controversial decision which overturned a district court ruling by a one-vote majority in the territorial supreme court along geographic lines in 1866.