Monte Rosa

Monte Rosa, Italy
The Monte Rosa with Po Valley behind it, under a layer of clouds
View from the valley of Gressoney
Regina Margherita Hut on Signalkuppe in August 2002.

Mountain massif in the eastern part of the Pennine Alps.

- Monte Rosa

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Aosta Valley

Mountainous autonomous region in northwestern Italy.

A view from refuge Champillon, Valpelline
View of Aosta
The Astronomical Observatory of the Aosta Valley, in Saint-Barthélemy (Nus).
The Saint-Pierre Castle.
The Fénis Castle, 13th century
Mont Blanc
Blue Lake<ref></ref> and the Matterhorn
Mount Castor
The prehistoric site near Chenal castle, Montjovet, rich in petroglyphs
A view from refuge Albert Deffeyes, La Thuile
Male Alpine Ibex in Gran Paradiso National Park
Alpine marmot in Gran Paradiso National Park

The Aosta Valley is an Alpine valley which with its tributary valleys includes the Italian slopes of Mont Blanc, Monte Rosa, Gran Paradiso and the Matterhorn; its highest peak is Mont Blanc (4810 m).


Region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country.

A Montferrat landscape, with the distant Alps in the background.
The Kingdom of Sardinia in 1856.
Maserati Levante
The campus of the Polytechnic University of Turin.
Rice fields between Novara and Vercelli.
Provinces of Piedmont.
The Juventus Stadium in Turin is the home of Juventus F.C., throughout the years the most successful Serie A club.
The Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi, in Nichelino, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Sacra di San Michele, a symbol of Piedmont
Excavator New Holland E 215B
Telescopic Handler Merlo Roto
Robot Comau Aura
High-speed train Alstom AGV
Eurofighter Typhoon
Alenia C27J Spartan
Vega C
Bulgari factory in Valenza
Cartier: Bismarck sapphire necklace
Cartier: Mackay emerald and diamond necklac
Vermouth Martini
Chocolate Gianduiotto
White Truffles from Alba
Risotto ai funghi porcini

Piedmont is surrounded on three sides by the Alps, including Monviso, where the Po rises, and Monte Rosa.


One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

Valère Basilica dominating the Rhône Valley. By the 12th century, the bishops of Sion began building churches and castles in Sion to represent their power and administer their estates.
Valais in 1300
The Rhône Valley near Pfynwald. Note the vineyards, pines, and steppic vegetation that are typical of dry Central Valais
The Aletsch Glacier, largest in the Alps
The Weisshorn, one of the highest peaks of Valais
Predominantly Catholic, the canton includes numerous churches and Alpine chapels (here Maria zum Schnee in Bettmeralp)
Terraced vineyards in the Rhône Valley
The Grande Dixence is one of the world's largest dams
St. Gingolph is one of the only two ports on Lake Geneva, and the terminus of the Tonkin Railway
BLS train descending the summit line of the Lötschberg Railway
A postbus waiting on the summit of the Simplon Pass
People gathering at the national cow fighting final
The Stockalper Palace in Brig
A Brisolée served with local products and wine

A major wine region, the canton is simultaneously one of the driest regions of Switzerland in its central Rhône valley and among the wettest, having large amounts of snow and rain upon the highest peaks found in Switzerland, such as Monte Rosa and the Finsteraarhorn.

Pennine Alps

The Pennine Alps (Walliser Alpen, Alpes valaisannes, Alpi Pennine, Alpes Poeninae), also known as the Valais Alps, are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps.

Grand Combin
Great St Bernard pass
Aerial view of the Pennine Alps from a plane above Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco)
Monte Rosa
Matterhorn (Cervino)

From Mont Vélan, the first high summit east of St Bernard Pass, the chain rarely goes below 3000 metres and contains many four-thousanders such as Matterhorn or Monte Rosa.


Municipality in the district of Visp in the German-speaking section of the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

Panorama View of Summits
The high summits around Zermatt
View of Zermatt with the main church (from the east side)
View of the centre of Zermatt (from the west side)
View from Riffelalp towards Zermatt
Cable car heading towards Klein Matterhorn
Poster by Emil Cardinaux advertising Zermatt (1908)
Touristic public spyglass pointed to Matterhorn.
Electric cars in the streets of Zermatt
Ski area on the Breithorn plateau, 3,900 m
Gornergrat railway station, 3,100 m
View of Zermatt from the cable car to Furi
Aerial view (1964)
Houses in Zermatt
Winkelmatten village near Zermatt
Fränzi Aufdenblatten, 2009
Zermatt at night.
Parish church of St. Mauritius
Zermatt aerial panorama 160622
Zermatt aerial panorama facing the Materhorn 160622
Zermatt aerial panorama facing the Matterhorn 160622

Zermatt is almost completely surrounded by the high mountains of the Pennine Alps including Monte Rosa (specifically its tallest peak, named Dufourspitze), Switzerland's highest peak at 4634 m above sea level.


Mountain of the Alps, straddling the main watershed and border between Switzerland and Italy.

Schalbetter map
1548 map
View on the south and east faces and the area of the Theodul Pass between Italy (left) and Switzerland (right)
The Matterhorn on the National Map of Switzerland
View on the east face with alpine lake
View from the summit towards Monte Rosa with the valleys of Mattertal (left) and Valtournenche (right)
Different layers of rock can be seen: the lower part is sedimentary rock (brown); the middle part is greenschist from the oceanic crust. The peak itself is gneiss from the African continent.
View from the train to the Gornergrat
Plaque on the front wall of the Monte Rosa Hotel, commemorating the first ascent by Edward Whymper
The Carrel Hut (3,830 m) on the Lion ridge
The Matterhorn seen from the Valtournenche Valley
The first ascent of the Matterhorn, by Gustave Doré
The first descent of the Matterhorn, by Gustave Doré
South-west side of the Matterhorn (Tyndall shoulder on the foreground)
The north face
A climber standing on the summit.
Trail to the Hörnli Hut
Theodulpass, c. 1800
The Matterhorn by Edward Theodore Compton, 1879
The Matterhorn by John Ruskin, 1849
Aerial photography by Eduard Spelterini in 1910
Aerial panorama of the Matterhorn from the Gornergrat 170622

It is a large, near-symmetric pyramidal peak in the extended Monte Rosa area of the Pennine Alps, whose summit is 4478 m high, making it one of the highest summits in the Alps and Europe.


The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately 750 mi across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia.

The Dolomites (Italy) are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
An "Alp" refers to a high elevation pasture frequented only in summer. It often includes several huts and small places of worship (here the Alpe Bardughè in Ticino).
The Alps extend in an arc from France in the south and west to Slovenia in the east, and from Monaco in the south to Germany in the north.
Aerial view of the Pennine Alps, the second-highest range of the Alps
A typical alpine village in the Tuxertal valley of Tyrol, Austria
Teufelsbrücke (Devil's Bridge) on the route to the Gotthard Pass; the currently used bridge from 1958 over the first drivable bridge from 1830
The col du Mont-Cenis (2081 m) at the centre left of the picture gives access to a large alpine lake, and further away to the Italian peninsula 12 km beyond the pass.
The Eiger (shown along with the Mönch and the Jungfrau) has the tallest north face in the Alps.
The geologic folding seen at the Arpanaz waterfall, shown here in a mid-18th-century drawing, was noted by 18th-century geologists.
The dolomitic peaks of the Triglav National Park in the Julian Alps
Compressed metamorphosed Tethyan sediments and their oceanic basement are sandwiched between the tip of the Matterhorn (Italian-Swiss border), which consists of gneisses originally part of the African plate, and the base of the peak, which is part of the Eurasian plate.
Haute Maurienne (Ambin and Vanoise massifs) and its exposed crystalline basement made of high-pressure subduction rocks such as blueschist and metaquartzite (picture taken at 2400 m)
This illustration of the glacier systems of the Mont Blanc massif by Alexander Keith Johnston was first published 1848 in The Physical Atlas.
Louis Agassiz's studies of the Unteraar Glacier in the 1840s showed that it moved at 100 m per year.
Inside a glacier at the top of the train station at the Jungfraujoch
The St. Bartholomew's chapel on the Königssee in Bavaria is a popular tourist destination.
Southern prealpine lakes like Lake Garda are characterised by warmer microclimates than the surrounding areas
The Aletsch Glacier with pine trees growing on the hillside (2007; the surface is 180 m lower than 150 years ago)
Stemless gentian (Gentiana acaulis)
Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum)
Preserved internal alpine forest and meadow, Vanoise National Park
Young alpine ibex. When fully grown the horns of this male will be about one metre wide.
The alpine Apollo butterfly has adapted to alpine conditions.
Pre-historic petroglyphs from Valcamonica, Italy
Château de Chillon, an early medieval castle on the north shore of Lake Geneva, is shown here against the backdrop of the Dents du Midi.
Russian troops under Suvorov crossing the Alps in 1799
Built from 1300 to 1500 metres high on a rock of quartzite and surrounded by deep cliffs, the Forts de l'Esseillon prevented any invasion.
The first ascent of the Matterhorn (1865), lithograph by Gustave Doré
Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, Caspar David Friedrich (1818)
The Nazis hid looted art in salt mines at Altaussee, such as the Early Netherlandish Ghent Altarpiece which sustained significant damage.
Hallstatt is known for its production of salt, dating back to prehistoric times.
In the summers the cows are brought up to the high mountain meadows for grazing. Small summer villages such as this one shown in this photograph taken in Savoy are used.
Herding sheep in Austria
Alpine chalet being built in Haute-Maurienne (Savoy), the use of thick pieces of orthogneiss (4–7 cm) is in accordance with the strict architectural regulations in the region bordering the national parks of Vanoise-Grand Paradis.
The ski resort in Speikboden, South Tyrol, Italy
Karl Schranz running the Lauberhorn in 1966
Zentralbahn Interregio train following the Lake Brienz shoreline, near Niederried in Switzerland

The highest portion of the range is divided by the glacial trough of the Rhône valley, from Mont Blanc to the Matterhorn and Monte Rosa on the southern side, and the Bernese Alps on the northern.


Located in southwestern Switzerland, south of the Rhone valley in the canton of Valais.

A large debris fan, deposited by a rockslide in the 1990s, can be seen above the village of Randa in the Matter valley.
The Weisshorn above the Matter valley (background).
The Glacier Express along the Matter Vispa

The valley starts between the high summits south of Zermatt (Monte Rosa, Matterhorn) on the border with Italy.


Guillaume-Henri Dufour
Aerial view of the Lysjoch area from the south
The west flank and the Monte Rosa Glacier. The Nordend (left) is separated from the summit by the Silbersattel.
View from the base of the east face
The Monte Rosa Hut in May in front of the Lyskamm
normal route to the summit

The Dufourspitze is the highest peak of Monte Rosa, an ice-covered mountain massif in the Alps.


Major river in France and Switzerland, rising in the Alps and flowing west and south through Lake Geneva and southeastern France before discharging into the Mediterranean Sea.

The source of the Rhône, at the foot of the Rhône Glacier, above Oberwald.
The Rhône flowing through the valleys of the Swiss Alps and arriving into Lake Geneva, in Switzerland.
Mouth of the Rhone
Pont du Mont-Blanc in Geneva, marking the outflow from Lake Geneva (right)
The Rhône in Lyon under the old Boucle's Bridge
The Rhône at Avignon
Almost all tributaries more than 36 km long. The portion of the Rhône above Brig-Glis is labelled by its native Walliser German name, Rotten

Between Brig and Martigny, it collects waters mostly from the valleys of the Pennine Alps to the south, whose rivers originate from the large glaciers of the massifs of Monte Rosa, Dom, and Grand Combin, but also from the steeper slopes of the Bernese Alps to the north, and the Mont Blanc massif to the west.