A report on Ovadia Yosef and Mordechai Eliyahu

Rabbi Yosef in 2007
Ovadia Yosef as a child with his family.
Blessing and autograph of Mordechai Eliyahu circa 1998
Ovadia Yosef in his youth.
Ovadia Yosef in 2007

Eliyahu worked for the preservation of the Iraqi Jewish rite and the opinions of the Ben Ish Hai, and opposed the attempts of Ovadia Yosef to impose a uniform "Israeli Sephardi" rite based on the Shulchan Aruch and his own halakhic opinions.

- Mordechai Eliyahu

The rulings of the Ben Ish Chai were at the heart of the disagreement between him and the Chief Rabbis Yitzhak Nissim and Mordechai Eliyahu.

- Ovadia Yosef
Rabbi Yosef in 2007

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The pre-1948 facade of Porat Yosef Yeshiva in the Old City of Jerusalem.

Ezra Attiya

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One of the greatest teachers of Torah in the Sephardic Jewish world during the 20th century.

One of the greatest teachers of Torah in the Sephardic Jewish world during the 20th century.

The pre-1948 facade of Porat Yosef Yeshiva in the Old City of Jerusalem.
Rabbis of Porat Yosef Yeshiva in 1952. Left to right: Rabbis Yaakov Ades, Ben Zion Abba Shaul, Ezra Attiya, Mansour ben Shimon.

Among Attiya's most famous students are Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu, Rabbi Ben Zion Abba Shaul, and Rabbi Yitzchak Kaduri.

The pre-1948 facade of the Porat Yosef Yeshiva (left) facing the Temple Mount. The domed Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue is to the right, rear.

Porat Yosef Yeshiva

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Sephardic yeshiva in Jerusalem, with locations in both the Old City and the Geula neighborhood.

Sephardic yeshiva in Jerusalem, with locations in both the Old City and the Geula neighborhood.

The pre-1948 facade of the Porat Yosef Yeshiva (left) facing the Temple Mount. The domed Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue is to the right, rear.
Porat Yosef Yeshiva (number 57 and adjacent schools) in the 1936-47 Survey of Palestine map
The Arab Legion attacking the Porat Yosef Yeshiva, May 1948.
Geula branch of Porat Yosef Yeshiva.

Mordechai Eliyahu, Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel

Ovadia Yosef, Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel

Toledot HaPoskim, History of the Jewish Codes, by Chaim Tchernowitz.

Posek

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Term in Jewish law for a "decisor", a legal scholar who determines the position of halakha, the Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah in cases of Jewish law where previous authorities are inconclusive, or in those situations where no clear halakhic precedent exists.

Term in Jewish law for a "decisor", a legal scholar who determines the position of halakha, the Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah in cases of Jewish law where previous authorities are inconclusive, or in those situations where no clear halakhic precedent exists.

Toledot HaPoskim, History of the Jewish Codes, by Chaim Tchernowitz.

Ovadia Yosef (1920–2013), Yabbia Omer

Mordechai Eliyahu (1929–2010)

Shemesh Sedaqah Synagogue in 2016

Sadqa Hussein

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Sephardi dayan, mohel, and spiritual leader to the Iraqi Jewish community in Iraq and Israel.

Sephardi dayan, mohel, and spiritual leader to the Iraqi Jewish community in Iraq and Israel.

Shemesh Sedaqah Synagogue in 2016

One time in the 1950s, he asked his student Mordechai Eliyahu to arrange a meeting for him with Grand Rabbi Yoel Teitelbaum of Satmar, who was visiting Jerusalem at the time.

In 1933, Hussein persuaded the father of a 12-year-old Ovadia Yosef to send his son to the Porat Yosef Yeshiva.

Map of the Gaza Strip in May 2005, a few months prior to the Israeli withdrawal. The major settlement blocs were the blue-shaded regions of this map.

Israeli disengagement from Gaza

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The unilateral dismantling in 2005 of the 21 Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip and the evacuation of Israeli settlers and army from inside the Gaza Strip.

The unilateral dismantling in 2005 of the 21 Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip and the evacuation of Israeli settlers and army from inside the Gaza Strip.

Map of the Gaza Strip in May 2005, a few months prior to the Israeli withdrawal. The major settlement blocs were the blue-shaded regions of this map.
Israeli–Palestinian coordination effort, 2005
Residents protest during the forced evacuation of the Israeli community Kfar Darom. August 18, 2005.
Residents protest against the evacuation of the Israeli community Kfar Darom. The sign reads: "Kfar Darom will not fall twice!". August 18, 2005
A group of residents refuses to evacuate the Israeli settlement Bedolach. August 17, 2005
Residents of Elei Sinai camping in Yad Mordechai, just over the border from their former homes.
A protest camp in Tel Aviv by members of Netzer Hazani left without homes

On August 10, 2005, in response to calls from Jewish religious leaders, including former Chief Rabbis Avraham Shapira, Ovadia Yosef, and Mordechai Eliyahu, between 70,000 (police estimate) and 250,000 (organizers' estimate) Jews gathered for a rally centered at the Western Wall in prayer to ask that the planned disengagement be cancelled.

List of Sephardi chief rabbis of the Land of Israel

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This list of Sephardi chief rabbis of the Land of Israel documents the rabbits who served as the spiritual leader of the Sephardic community in the Land of Israel from the mid-17th century to present.

This list of Sephardi chief rabbis of the Land of Israel documents the rabbits who served as the spiritual leader of the Sephardic community in the Land of Israel from the mid-17th century to present.

Ovadia Yosef (1973–1983)

Mordechai Eliyahu (1983–1993)

The oldest Siddur in the world. From the 9th century

Siddur

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Jewish prayer book containing a set order of daily prayers.

Jewish prayer book containing a set order of daily prayers.

The oldest Siddur in the world. From the 9th century
Nusach Ashkenaz Siddur from Irkutsk, Russia, printed in 1918
A siddur created on the occasion of a wedding in 1971, Oświęcim. Collection of the Auschwitz Jewish Center
Variety of popular Siddurim.
1803 Sephardic prayer book, in the Jewish Museum of Switzerland’s collection.
Kol Haneshamah: Shabbat Vehagim

These siddurim follow the halakha of Rabbi Ovadia Yosef (1920–2013) a Talmudic scholar, and authority on Jewish religious law, and spiritual leader of Israel's ultra-orthodox Shas party.

Kol Eliyahu, ed. Mordechai Eliyahu