Morning sickness

nausea and vomiting of pregnancyMorning nauseaPregnancy sicknessnausea and vomitingnausea and vomiting during pregnancyNausea and vomiting in pregnancynauseous feelingssick only in the morningsvomit
Morning sickness, also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a symptom of pregnancy that involves nausea or vomiting.wikipedia
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Symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy

mechanical discomforts of pregnancypregnancy discomfortpregnancy-induced leg cramps
Morning sickness, also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a symptom of pregnancy that involves nausea or vomiting.
For example, mild nausea may merely be a discomfort (morning sickness), but if severe and with vomiting causing water-electrolyte imbalance it can be classified as a pregnancy complication (hyperemesis gravidarum).

Nausea

nauseousvomitingfeeling of sickness
Morning sickness, also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a symptom of pregnancy that involves nausea or vomiting.
Nausea is a side effect of many medications including chemotherapy, or morning sickness in early pregnancy.

Hyperemesis gravidarum

hyperemesissevere nausea and vomiting
A severe form of the condition is known as hyperemesis gravidarum and results in weight loss.
Hyperemesis gravidarum is considered more severe than morning sickness.

Pyridoxine/doxylamine

doxylamine and pyridoxine
If treatment is used the combination of doxylamine and pyridoxine is recommended initially. A number of antiemetics are effective and safe in pregnancy including: pyridoxine/doxylamine, antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine), metoclopramide, and phenothiazines (such as promethazine).
It is generally used for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (morning sickness).

Vomiting

emeticvomitemesis
Morning sickness, also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a symptom of pregnancy that involves nausea or vomiting.
* Hyperemesis, morning sickness

Antiemetic

antiemeticsanti-emeticanti-emetics
If morning sickness is a defense mechanism against the ingestion of toxins, the prescribing of anti-nausea medication to pregnant women may have the undesired side effect of causing birth defects or miscarriages by encouraging harmful dietary choices. A number of antiemetics are effective and safe in pregnancy including: pyridoxine/doxylamine, antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine), metoclopramide, and phenothiazines (such as promethazine).
Antiemetics, though previously thought to cause birth defects, have been proven safe for use by pregnant women in the treatment of morning sickness and the more serious hyperemesis gravidarum.

Human chorionic gonadotropin

hCGchorionic gonadotropinhuman chorionic gonadotrophin
The cause of morning sickness is unknown but may be related to changing levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotrophin.
It has also been suggested that hCG levels are linked to the severity of morning sickness or Hyperemesis gravidarum in pregnant women.

Miscarriage

miscarriedspontaneous abortionmiscarriages
Women who have no morning sickness are more likely to miscarry.
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP, or morning sickness) are associated with a decreased risk.

Thalidomide

Children of ThalidomideThalidomide SyndromeThalomid
Thalidomide was originally developed and prescribed as a cure for morning sickness in West Germany, but its use was discontinued when it was found to cause birth defects.
Afterwards, it was used against nausea and to alleviate morning sickness in pregnant women.

Metoclopramide

metaclopromidemetoclopramide hydrochloridemetoclopromide
A number of antiemetics are effective and safe in pregnancy including: pyridoxine/doxylamine, antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine), metoclopramide, and phenothiazines (such as promethazine).
It is also used in pregnancy as a second choice for treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum (severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy).

Promethazine

phenerganPhensedylPrometh
A number of antiemetics are effective and safe in pregnancy including: pyridoxine/doxylamine, antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine), metoclopramide, and phenothiazines (such as promethazine).
To combat moderate to severe morning sickness and hyperemesis gravidarum: In the UK, promethazine is drug of first choice, being preferred as an older drug with which there is a greater experience of use in pregnancy (second in line being metoclopramide or prochlorperazine).

Ondansetron

zofran
Ondansetron may be beneficial, but there are some concerns regarding an association with cleft palate, and there is little high quality data.
Ondansetron is used off-label to treat morning sickness and hyperemesis gravidarum of pregnancy.

Gestational age

gestationgestationalweeks of gestation
Typically these symptoms occur between the 4th and 16th week of pregnancy.

Evolution

evolvedtheory of evolutionevolutionary theory
Some have proposed that it may be useful from an evolutionary point of view.

Abdominal pain

stomach acheupset stomachstomachache
Abdominal pain, fever, or headaches are typically not present in morning sickness.

Headache

headacheschronic headacheheadach
Abdominal pain, fever, or headaches are typically not present in morning sickness.

Prenatal vitamins

prenatal vitamin
Taking prenatal vitamins before pregnancy may decrease the risk.

Ginger

ginger rootZingiberis Rhizomagingers
There is limited evidence that ginger may be useful.

Methylprednisolone

methylprednisone(S)'''olu-Medrol - Methylprednisolonedepomedrol
For severe cases that have not improved with other measures methylprednisolone may be tried.

Feeding tube

enteral feedinggastric feeding tubetube feeding
Tube feeding may be required in women who are losing weight.

Quality of life

well-beinglivabilitywelfare
Morning sickness can negatively affect quality of life, result in decreased ability to work while pregnant, and result in health care expenses.

Abortion

abortionsabortaborted
Some women choose to have an abortion due to the severity of symptoms.

Wernicke encephalopathy

Wernicke’s encephalopathy
Complications such as Wernicke encephalopathy or esophageal rupture may occur but are very rare.

Boerhaave syndrome

esophageal ruptureesophageal perforationperforation of the esophagus
Complications such as Wernicke encephalopathy or esophageal rupture may occur but are very rare.

Molar pregnancy

hydatidiform molemolar pregnancieshydatid mole
Nausea and vomiting may also occur with molar pregnancy.