Moroccan Arabic

MoroccanArabicMoroccan dialectDarijaDarija ArabicdarijophoneArabic, MoroccanaryMoroccan Arabic (Darija)Moroccan Darija
Moroccan Arabic or Moroccan Darija (الدارجة, in Morocco) is a member of the Maghrebi Arabic language continuum spoken in Morocco.wikipedia
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Morocco

🇲🇦MoroccanMAR
Moroccan Arabic or Moroccan Darija (الدارجة, in Morocco) is a member of the Maghrebi Arabic language continuum spoken in Morocco.
Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and its official languages are Arabic and Berber; the latter became an official language in 2011, and was the native language of Morocco before the Muslim conquest in the seventh century C.E. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken.

Maghrebi Arabic

MaghrebiArabicDarija
Moroccan Arabic or Moroccan Darija (الدارجة, in Morocco) is a member of the Maghrebi Arabic language continuum spoken in Morocco.
It includes Moroccan, Algerian, Tunisian, Libyan, and Hassaniya Arabic.

Marrakesh

MarrakechMarrakech, MoroccoKingdom of Marrakesh
(Old) urban dialects of Fes, Rabat, Salé, Taza, Tetouan, Ouezzane, Chefchaouen, Tangiers, Asilah, Larache, Ksar el-Kebir, Meknes and Marrakech.
The name is spelt Mṛṛakc in the Berber Latin alphabet, Marraquexe in Portuguese, Marraquech in Spanish, and "Mer-raksh" in Moroccan Arabic.

Algerian Arabic

AlgerianAlgeriaAlgerian Spoken Arabic
It is mutually intelligible to some extent with Algerian Arabic language and to a lesser extent with Tunisian Arabic language.
It belongs to the Maghrebi Arabic language continuum and as such it is partially mutually intelligible with Tunisian and Moroccan.

Berber languages

BerberAmazighTamazight
It has been heavily influenced mainly by the Berber languages and to a lesser extent by Latin (African Romance), French, and Spanish. Moroccan Arabic is characterized by a strong Berber as well as Latin (African Romance) stratum.
Morocco is a country with several competing linguistically different languages, including French, Modern Standard Arabic, Moroccan Arabic and Amazigh.

Stratum (linguistics)

substratumsubstratesuperstrate
Moroccan Arabic is characterized by a strong Berber as well as Latin (African Romance) stratum.

Judeo-Moroccan Arabic

Judeo-MoroccanajuArabic
Judeo-Moroccan, nearly extinct but with an extensive remnant literature.
Although about 3,000 Jews remain in Morocco today, most of the younger generations speak French as their first language, rather than Arabic, and their Arabic is more akin to Moroccan Arabic than to Judeo-Arabic.

Ceuta

Autonomous City of CeutaSeptemBishop of Ceuta
In the northern parts of Morocco, as in Tetouan & Tangier, it is common for code-switching to occur between Moroccan Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, and Spanish, as Spain had previously controlled part of the region and continues to possess the territories of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa bordering only Morocco.
Spanish is the official language, while Darija Arabic is also spoken by 40–50% of the population, which is of Moroccan origin.

Spain

🇪🇸SpanishESP
In the northern parts of Morocco, as in Tetouan & Tangier, it is common for code-switching to occur between Moroccan Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, and Spanish, as Spain had previously controlled part of the region and continues to possess the territories of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa bordering only Morocco. Some loans might have come through Andalusi Arabic brought by Moriscos when they were expelled from Spain following the Christian Reconquest or, alternatively, they date from the time of the Spanish Protectorate in Morocco.
Similarly, in Ceuta Darija Arabic is spoken by a significant percentage of the population.

Nichane

Nichane magazine
From September 2006 to October 2010, Telquel Magazine had a Moroccan Arabic edition Nichane.
Nichane (meaning Direct in Moroccan Arabic and Berber:نيشان) (formerly Aljareeda Alokhra) was a Moroccan weekly arabophone and darijophone (in Moroccan Arabic) news magazine.

Tunisian Arabic

TunisianaebDarija
It is mutually intelligible to some extent with Algerian Arabic language and to a lesser extent with Tunisian Arabic language.
It is a variety of Maghrebi Arabic like Moroccan and Algerian Arabic, which are mostly unintelligible to Modern Standard or Mashriqi Arabic speakers.

Varieties of Arabic

variety of ArabicArabic dialectsvariety
Varieties of Arabic
Moroccan Arabic (الدارجة - darija)

Malhun

melhouneMelhun
There exists some poetry written in Moroccan Arabic like the Malhun.
The Mal’aba is considered to be the oldest known form of the Malhun, it dates back to the Marinid dynasty era (14th century), The Mal’aba describes the union’s attempt of the Maghreb by the sultan Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman, written in Moroccan arabic, it represent the origins of the modern Malhun, Ibn khaldun, mentions it at the end of his Muqaddimah as one of the main lyrical epics of the art called "Mala'ib" .

Arabic

Arabic-languageArabArabic language
Also, while it is comprehensible to people from the Maghreb, a linguistically innovative variety such as Moroccan Arabic is essentially incomprehensible to Arabs from the Mashriq, much as French is incomprehensible to Spanish or Italian speakers but relatively easily learned by them.

Andalusian Arabic

ArabicAndalusi ArabicAndalusian
Some loans might have come through Andalusi Arabic brought by Moriscos when they were expelled from Spain following the Christian Reconquest or, alternatively, they date from the time of the Spanish Protectorate in Morocco.
It also exerted some influence on Mozarabic, Spanish (particularly Andalusian), Ladino, Catalan, Portuguese, Classical Arabic and the Moroccan, Tunisian, Hassani and Algerian Arabic dialects.

French protectorate in Morocco

MoroccoFrench MoroccoFrench protectorate
Some Moroccan Arabic speakers, in the territory previously known as French Morocco, also practice code-switching.

TelQuel

Tel QuelTel Quel magazineTelQuel Magazine
From September 2006 to October 2010, Telquel Magazine had a Moroccan Arabic edition Nichane.
TelQuel started a Moroccan Arabic edition, Nichane.

Libyan Arabic

Libyanaylcolloquial form of Arabic
Libyan Arabic
Moroccan Arabic

Latin

Lat.Latin languagelat
It has been heavily influenced mainly by the Berber languages and to a lesser extent by Latin (African Romance), French, and Spanish. Moroccan Arabic is characterized by a strong Berber as well as Latin (African Romance) stratum.

African Romance

African Romance LatinAfrican LatinAfrican Romance dialects
It has been heavily influenced mainly by the Berber languages and to a lesser extent by Latin (African Romance), French, and Spanish. Moroccan Arabic is characterized by a strong Berber as well as Latin (African Romance) stratum.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
It has been heavily influenced mainly by the Berber languages and to a lesser extent by Latin (African Romance), French, and Spanish.

Spanish language

SpanishSpanish-languageCastilian
It has been heavily influenced mainly by the Berber languages and to a lesser extent by Latin (African Romance), French, and Spanish. In the northern parts of Morocco, as in Tetouan & Tangier, it is common for code-switching to occur between Moroccan Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, and Spanish, as Spain had previously controlled part of the region and continues to possess the territories of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa bordering only Morocco.

Modern Standard Arabic

ArabicLiterary ArabicModern Standard
In the northern parts of Morocco, as in Tetouan & Tangier, it is common for code-switching to occur between Moroccan Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, and Spanish, as Spain had previously controlled part of the region and continues to possess the territories of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa bordering only Morocco. While Modern Standard Arabic is rarely spoken in daily life and is only used and to varying degrees in formal situations such as religious sermons, government communications, news broadcasts or political talkshows, Darija is the spoken common language of Morocco, and has a strong presence in Moroccan television entertainment, cinema and commercial advertising.

Western Sahara

🇪🇭SahrawiEH
Sahrawi Hassaniya Arabic spoken in the disputed Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara is usually considered as a separate spoken Arabic language and is poorly mutually intelligible with Moroccan Arabic.

Casablanca

Casablanca, MoroccoDar-el-Beidaad-Dār al-Bayḍāʼ الدار البيضاء
Its mainstream dialect is the one used in Casablanca, Rabat and Fas and therefore it dominates the media eclipsing the other regional dialects like the ones spoken in Tangiers and Oujda.