A report on OpiateMorphine and Papaver somniferum

Harvesting the poppy pod.
A localized reaction to intravenous morphine caused by histamine release in the veins
A chart outlining the structural features that define opiates and opioids, including distinctions between semi-synthetic and fully synthetic opiate structures
Before the Morphine by Santiago Rusiñol
Papaver rhoeas L. - flower. Many people confuse this weed poppy with Papaver somniferum.
Morphine Hydrochloride Ampoule for Veterinary Use
Papaver somniferum plant showing the typical glaucous appearance
Chemical structure of morphine
Latex bleeding from a freshly-scored seed pod
Papaver somniferum flower
Morphine addiction cure advertisement in the year 1900
Morphine biosynthesis in the opium poppy
Close-up of the center of the flower
Chemical structure of morphine. The benzylisoquinoline backbone is shown in green.
Polish makowiec, a nut roll filled with poppy seed paste
Morphine structure showing its standard ring lettering and carbon numbering system.
Dried poppy seed pods and stems (plate), and seeds (bowl)
Same structure, but in a three-dimensional perspective.
Capsule of Papaver somniferum showing latex (opium) exuding from incision
First generation production of alkaloids from licit latex-derived opium
A red opium poppy flower used for ornamental purposes
Friedrich Sertürner
Czech blue poppy flower
Advertisement for curing morphine addiction, c. 1900
Czech blue poppy seeds
An ampoule of morphine with integral needle for immediate use. Also known as a "syrette". From WWII. On display at the Army Medical Services Museum.
Opium poppy fields near Metheringham, Lincolnshire, England
Example of different morphine tablets
Dried blue, gray, and white poppy seeds used for pastries in Germany
Two capsules (5 mg & 10 mg) of morphine sulfate extended- release
White poppy seeds, magnified
1 milliliter ampoule containing 10 mg of morphine

Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate family that is found naturally in opium, a dark brown resin in poppies (Papaver somniferum).

- Morphine

Opiates are alkaloid compounds naturally found in the opium poppy plant Papaver somniferum.

- Opiate

The psychoactive compounds found in the opium plant include morphine, codeine, and thebaine.

- Opiate

Opium contains a class of naturally occurring alkaloids known as opiates, that include morphine, codeine, thebaine, oripavine, papaverine and noscapine.

- Papaver somniferum
Harvesting the poppy pod.

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Opium poppy seed pod exuding latex from a cut


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Opium poppy seed pod exuding latex from a cut
Poppy crop from the Malwa in India (probably Papaver somniferum var. album )
Opium users in Java during the Dutch colonial period c. 1870
Latin translation of Avicenna's Canon of Medicine, 1483
An artist's view of an Ottoman opium seller
An opium den in 18th-century China through the eyes of a Western artist
A Chinese opium house, photograph 1902
Destruction of opium at Humen, June 1839
British opium ships
British assault on Canton during the First Opium War, May 1841
Storage of opium at a British East India Company warehouse, c. 1850
The cover page of the book of The Truth about Opium Smoking
Map showing the amount of opium produced in China in 1908: The quote "We English, by the policy we have pursued, are morally responsible for every acre of land in China which is withdrawn from the cultivation of grain and devoted to that of the poppy; so that the fact of the growth of the drug in China ought only to increase our sense of responsibility." is by Lord Justice Fry.
Apothecary vessel for storage of opium as a pharmaceutical, Germany, 18th or 19th century
Modern vial of morphine first isolated from opium by Friedrich Sertürner
Harvesting opium
International drug routes
Afghanistan, Helmand province. A Marine greets local children working in the field of opium poppies near the base.
Afghanistan opium poppy cultivation, 1994–2016 (hectares)
200 g Spanish opium ball
An Akha man smokes a pipe containing opium mixed with tobacco

Opium (or poppy tears, scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is dried latex obtained from the seed capsules of the opium poppy Papaver somniferum.

Approximately 12 percent of opium is made up of the analgesic alkaloid morphine, which is processed chemically to produce heroin and other synthetic opioids for medicinal use and for the illegal drug trade.

The latex also contains the closely related opiates codeine and thebaine, and non-analgesic alkaloids such as papaverine and noscapine.

The recreational drug lean can be created with codeine syrup (pictured).


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The recreational drug lean can be created with codeine syrup (pictured).

Codeine is an opiate and prodrug of morphine used to treat pain, coughing, and diarrhea.

It is found naturally in the sap of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum.