Moses Brown

Moses Brown in later life. Portrait by Martin Johnson Heade.
Moses Brown School

American abolitionist and industrialist from New England, who funded the design and construction of some of the first factory houses for spinning machines during the American industrial revolution, including Slater Mill.

- Moses Brown

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Abolitionism in the United States

Active from the late colonial era until the American Civil War, the end of which brought about the abolition of American slavery through the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution .

Collection box for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, circa 1850.
Thones Kunders's house at 5109 Germantown Avenue, where the 1688 Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery was written.
Samuel Sewall (1652–1730), judge who wrote The Selling of Joseph (1700) which denounced the spread of slavery in the American colonies.
Benjamin Kent, lawyer that freed a slave in America (1766)
Thomas Paine's 1775 article "African Slavery in America" was one of the first to advocate abolishing slavery and freeing slaves.
An animation showing when states and territories forbade or admitted slavery 1789–1861
Wm. Lloyd Garrison (1805–1879), publisher of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Wood engraving of proslavery riot in Alton, Illinois, on 7 November 1837, which resulted in the murder of abolitionist Elijah Parish Lovejoy (1802–1837).
Lysander Spooner (1808–1887), an individualist anarchist who wrote The Unconstitutionality of Slavery (1845).
Idealized portrait of John Brown being adored by an enslaved mother and child as he walks to his execution.
Frederick Douglass (1818–1895), a former slave whose memoirs, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (1845) and My Bondage and My Freedom (1855), became bestsellers, which aided the cause of abolition.
Charles Turner Torrey, c. 1840, from Memoir of Rev. Charles T. Torrey, Joseph P. Lovejoy, ed. (Boston: John P. Jewett & Co.), 1847
Uncle Tom's Cabin inflamed public opinion in the North and Europe against the personified evils of slavery.
This Democratic editorial cartoon links Republican candidate John Frémont (far right) to temperance, feminism, Fourierism, free love, Catholicism, and abolition.
John Brown (1800–1859), abolitionist who advocated armed rebellion by slaves. He slaughtered pro-slavery settlers in Kansas and in 1859 was hanged by the state of Virginia for leading an unsuccessful slave insurrection at Harpers Ferry.
This photo of Gordon was widely distributed by abolitionists.
Wilson Chinn, a branded slave from Louisiana--became one of the most widely circulated photos of the abolitionist movement during the American Civil War
John Jay (1745–1829), a founder of the New York Manumission Society in 1785
This anti-slavery map shows the slave states in black, with black-and-white shading representing the threatened spread of slavery into Texas and the western territories.
Officers and men of the Irish-Catholic 69th New York Volunteer Regiment attend Catholic services in 1861.
Like many Quakers, Lucretia Mott considered slavery an evil to be opposed.
Plaque commemorating the founding of the Female Anti-Slavery Society in Philadelphia in 1833
Burning of Pennsylvania Hall, home of the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society. Print by John Caspar Wild. Note firemen spraying water on adjacent building.
Henry Clay (1777–1852), one of the three founders of the American Colonization Society.

Rhode Island Quakers, associated with Moses Brown, were among the first in America to free slaves.

John Brown (Rhode Island politician)

American merchant, statesman from Providence, Rhode Island and maritime merchant.

Miniature of John Brown by Edward Malbone
John Brown House in Providence is a National Historic Landmark
A plaque outside Brown's residence now notes his involvement in the slave trade
Brown played a leading role in the Gaspée Affair

Together with his brothers Nicholas, Joseph and Moses, John was instrumental in founding Brown University (then known as the College of Rhode Island) and moving it to their family's former land in Providence.

Slater Mill Historic Site

Historic textile mill complex on the banks of the Blackstone River in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, modeled after cotton spinning mills first established in England.

Slater Mill (1793)
A spinning mule in Slater Mill
Wilkinson Mill (1810–11)
Sylvanus Brown House
View of the site
The Wilkinson Machine Shop

Shortly after immigrating to the United States, Slater was hired by Moses Brown of Providence, Rhode Island, to produce a working set of machines necessary to spin cotton yarn using water power.

Brown University

Private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island.

Coat of arms
This 1792 engraving is the first published image of Brown. University Hall stands on right while the President's House sits on the left.
Following the gift of Nicholas Brown, Jr. (Class of 1786), the university was renamed in his honor
Slavery Memorial was designed by Martin Puryear and dedicated in 2014
The Van Wickle Gates stand at the crest of College Hill
The John Hay Library is home to rare books, special collections, and the university archives
The John Carter Brown Library is one of the world's leading repositories of books, maps, and manuscripts relating to the colonial Americas
The galleries of Brown's anthropology museum, the Haffenreffer, are located in Manning Hall
Three dormitories, Metcalf Hall (1919), Andrews Hall (1947), and Miller Hall (1910), formed the heart of Pembroke College and now serve as freshman residences
Robinson Hall (1878) was designed by Walker and Gould in the Venetian Gothic style to house Brown's library
The List Art Center, built 1969–71, designed by Philip Johnson, houses Brown's Department of Visual Art and the David Winton Bell Gallery
The Granoff Center, designed by Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Lyman Hall, built 1890–92, houses the Department of Theatre Arts and Performance Studies
Aerial view of the Brown University English department
The Brown Computing Laboratory, designed by Philip Johnson
The Brown University Engineering Research Center, completed in 2018 and designed by KieranTimberlake
Pembroke Hall (1897) houses the administrative offices of the Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women
Sayles Hall on the Main Green
The Alpert Medical School building on Richmond Street
The primary building of the Brown University School of Public Health viewed from across the Providence River
Many Spring Weekend events are hosted on Brown's Main Green
Ladd Observatory, built 1890–1891, is used by Brown Space Engineering, a student group focused on Aerospace engineering
The Brown University Band was founded in 1924
The Sarah Doyle Women's Center
The 1879 Brown baseball varsity, with W.E. White seated second from right. White's appearance in an 1879 major league game may be the first person of color to play professional baseball, 68 years before Jackie Robinson
Horace Mann, class of 1819, regarded as the father of American public education
Samuel Gridley Howe, class of 1821, abolitionist and advocate for the blind
John Hay, class of 1858, private secretary to Abraham Lincoln and U.S. Secretary of State
Charles Evans Hughes, class of 1881, Chief Justice of the United States and U.S. Secretary of State
John D. Rockefeller Jr., class of 1897, philanthropist and developer of Rockefeller Center
Lois Lowry, class of 1958, Newbery Medal-winning author of The Giver and Number the Stars
Ted Turner, class of 1960, founder of CNN, TBS, and WCW and philanthropist
John Sculley, class of 1961, former CEO of Apple Inc. and president of PepsiCo
Janet Yellen, class of 1967, first woman to serve as Chair of the Federal Reserve and U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
André Leon Talley, class of 1972, former editor-at-large and creative director of Vogue
Brian Moynihan, class of 1981, chairman and CEO of Bank of America
Ira Glass, class of 1982, radio personality and host of This American Life
Jim Yong Kim, class of 1982, 12th Pres. of the World Bank, 17th Pres. of Dartmouth
Dara Khosrowshahi, class of 1991, CEO of Uber, former CEO of Expedia Group
John F. Kennedy Jr., class of 1983, lawyer, journalist, and magazine publisher
Davis Guggenheim, class of 1986, Oscar-winning documentary filmmaker
Laura Linney, class of 1986, actress, recipient of 4 Emmy Awards and 3 time Oscar nominee
Julie Bowen, class of 1991, actress, six time Emmy Award nominee
Tracee Ellis Ross, class of 1994, actress, model, comedienne, and television host
Andrew Yang, class of 1996, businessman and U.S. presidential candidate
Chris Hayes, class of 2001, political commentator and host of All In with Chris Hayes
John Krasinski, class of 2001, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
A. G. Sulzberger, class of 2003, publisher of The New York Times
Emma Watson, class of 2014, actress, model, activist

To establish a campus, John and Moses Brown purchased a four-acre lot on the crest of College Hill on behalf of the school.

Samuel Slater

Early English-American industrialist known as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution" (a phrase coined by Andrew Jackson) and the "Father of the American Factory System".

Slater Mill is a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark.
A circa-1835 spinning frame at Slater Mill
Grave site of Samuel Slater, Mt. Zion Cemetery, Webster, Massachusetts

In 1789, leading Rhode Island industrialist Moses Brown moved to Pawtucket, Rhode Island to operate a mill in partnership with his son-in-law William Almy and cousin Smith-Brown.

Industrial Revolution in the United States

Epoch during the first 100 years of United States history where the economy progressed from manual labor and farm labor to a greater degree of industrialization based on labor.

Andrew Jackson labeled industrialist Samuel Slater "the father of the American Industrial Revolution"
Bethlehem Steel in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania was one of the world's leading steel manufacturers for most of the 20th century until 1982 when it discontinued most of its operations. It subsequently declared bankruptcy in 2001 and was dissolved in 2003.
Textile Mill in Winooski, Vermont
Blanchard lathe, powered by water, for creating stock identical to a pattern.

Moses Brown, a leading Rhode Island industrialist secured the services of Slater, with Slater promising to recreate British textile designs.

Nicholas Brown Sr.

Providence, Rhode Island slave-trader, merchant, civic leader and co-signer of the charter of the College of Rhode Island in 1763.

Following the death of his uncle Obadiah, the family business conglomerate that included maritime trade along the Eastern Seaboard, with the Caribbean and with England; a rum distillery; spermaceti candle manufacturing; an iron foundry (the Hope Furnace); and a network of shops, was renamed Nicholas Brown & Co. Until 1771, Brown worked in partnership with his three younger brothers Joseph (1733–1785), John (1736–1803), and Moses (1738–1836), who were known in Rhode Island annals as the "Four Brothers."

Moses Brown School

Quaker school located in Providence, Rhode Island, offering pre-kindergarten through secondary school classes.

Moses Brown
First meeting place of the school from 1784–1788
Main building in Providence

It was founded in 1784 by Moses Brown, a Quaker abolitionist, and is one of the oldest preparatory schools in the country.

Nicholas Brown Jr.

American businessman and philanthropist from Providence, Rhode Island, who was the namesake of Brown University.

Nicholas Brown Jr., painted by Chester Harding, 1836
A portrait of Nicholas Brown Jr. posthumous painted by Thomas Sully in 1847
Brown's grave at North Burial Ground

He was the nephew of John Brown (1736–1803) and Moses Brown (1738–1836) and a descendant of the English colonist and Baptist minister Chad Brown (c.

Rhode Island Historical Society

Privately endowed membership organization, founded in 1822, dedicated to collecting, preserving, and sharing the history of Rhode Island.

Rhode Island Historical Society Seal, using a variation of the Rhode Island Seal.
The Nelson W. Aldrich House in Providence, a National Historic Landmark that serves as the society's headquarters.
John Brown House photographed in 1918.

The Rhode Island Historical Society was founded and funded by many of Providence's early Yankees, including Moses Brown and Henry J. Steere.